VESTNIK 3(23) 2016
- VESTNIK 3(23) 2016
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- 2016-10-12 09:49:55
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ELABORATION OF STRUCTURE AND CONTENT OF SPORT EXERCISES AS A MAJOR FACTOR FOR REALIZATION OF THE ALL-RUSSIAN SPORT COMPLEX “READY FOR LABOUR AND DEFENCE” (GTO COMPLEX) AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF MASS SPORTS AMONG STUDENTS IN RUSSIA
UDC: УДК 796.034.2-057.875
Authors: Tarih Safeevich Gil'mutdinov ; Vladimir Avtonomovich Uvarov ; Rodion Tarihovich Gil'mutdinov ;
The main task of the All-Russian sports complex “Ready for Labour and Defence” (GTO) is the identification of the true level of physical fitness of population in Russia and its further increase through the implementation of a scientifically based system of the GTO complex among different age and sex groups. There are test-type-part 2. Гильмутдинов Т. С., Бобков Г. А. Реализация прин-ципа индиви¬дуа¬лизации в физическом воспитании на ос¬но¬ве зачетных тре¬бований с использованием таблиц резуль¬та¬тов многоборья ГТО // Роль физической культуры в формирова-нии здорового образа жизни студентов: материалы науч.-метод. конф. Омск, 1991. Ч. II. С. 20–21. 3. Гильмутдинов Т. С. К вопросу о критерии оценки фи-зи¬ческой подготовленности студентов основной группы на ос-но¬ве таблиц оценки результатов многоборий ГТО // Организация и методика учебного, физкультурно-оздорови-тельной и спор¬тив¬ной работы: материалы III Межуни¬верси-тет¬ской науч.-метод. конф. (с участием стран СНГ). Йошкар-Ола, 1994. С. 52–53. 4. Гильмутдинов Т. С., Уваров В. А. Методика под¬го¬тов-ки квалифи¬ци¬рованных многоборцев комплекса ГТО: методическое пособие / Мар. гос. ун-т. Йошкар-Ола, 1994. 44 с. 5. Григорьев П. М. От значка ГТО – к Звезде Героя. М.: Физкультура и спорт, 1983. 136 c. 6. Многоборье комплекса ГТО: программа, для спорт-сек¬ций. М.: Физкультура и спорт, 1976. 80 с. 7. Осипов И. Т. Многоборье комплекса ГТО. М.: Физ-куль¬тура и спорт, 1960. 63 с. 8. Скачков Н. Г. Многоборье ГТО. М.: ДОСААФ, 1982. 127 с. 9. Уваров В. А., Гильмутдинов Т. С. Полиатлон: учеб¬ное пособие / Мар. гос. ун-т. Йошкар-Ола, 2003. 120 с.: ил. 10. Уваров В. А. 50 лет на службе народу // Физическая куль¬тура в школе. 1981. № 3. 11. Уваров В. А. Смелые и ловкие. I ступень ГТО. Изд. 2-е, доп. М., 1973. 12. Уваров В. А. Организация соревнований по комп¬лек-су ГТО в коллективе физкультуры: методические ре¬ко¬мен-дации. М.: ВНИИФК, 1982. 33 с. 13. Уваров В. А. Страницы истории // Физкультура и спорт. 1985. № 6. Статья поступила в редакцию 17.06.2016 г. and sport-part exercises of the GTO Complex. The test-type-part exercises are elaborated completely, that cannot be said about sport-part exercises. The analysis of different GTO Complexes of recent years shows that there was multisport race in all the complexes. So the elaboration of the structure and content of sport-part exercises is the actual problem nowadays. Elaboration and inculcation of the sport-part exercises of the All-Russian sports complex “Ready for Labour and Defence” (GTO) and its implementation in the wider Russian population, especially among university students, will give a powerful impetus to the development of mass sport and elite sport.
ORGANIZATIONAL AND PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS OF FORMATION OF UNIVERSITY GRADUATES PROFESSIONAL COMPETITIVENESS
UDC: УДК 378.2
Authors: Sergej Jur'evich Lavrent'ev ; Valentina Aleksandrovna Komelina ; Dmitrii Aleksandrovich Krylov ;
The article presents the theoretical framework and the practical results of the identification and validation of the organizational and pedagogical conditions of effective formation of professional competitiveness of modern high school graduates. The authors of this study derived from the assumption that the solution to the problem of formation of professional competitiveness of students is possible, taking into account: organizational aspect (organization of educational process in the model) and personal aspect (interaction of subjects of educational process). The study provides the author's definition of organizational and pedagogical conditions, as a set of external circumstances of the educational process and the internal features of the student's personality, on which depends the formation of professionally significant qualities of the person of a competitive specialist. It is established that such organizational and pedagogical conditions include: the organization of competitive, motivated learning and cognitive activity of students using active methods and interactive forms of learning; the organization of socio-educational university partnerships; the introduction of the educational process of the university a special course “Uspehologiya (Successology) – self-development of personal and professional competitiveness”; conducting systematic diagnosis of the level of formation of competitiveness of students and implementation, as necessary work on its updating.
SOCIO-CULTURAL ADAPTATION AND PREVENTION OF DELINQUENT FORMS OF BEHAVIOUR OF FOREIGN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS OF THE REPUBLIC OF TATARSTAN
UDC: УДК 316.034
Authors: Andrei Georgievich Bolshakov ;
The article reviews the results of sociological research on the adaptation of foreign students studying at universities in the Republic of Tatarstan, and the prevention of student delinquent behavior. The text analyzes the current trends of development of the Russian higher education, including the example of the Kazan Federal University. One of these trends is the increase of foreign students, as their number directly affects the position in the ranking of a particular University. The increase in the number of foreign students is itself a positive process that shows attention to the University in many countries. It all fits in the trends of internationalization of modern education. However, in terms of geopolitical confrontation between Russia and the Western countries, in a tense foreign policy situation, this increase conceals a number of risks, threats and challenges. Constant terrorist threat for Russia and adjoining countries raises questions about the appropriateness of intensive internationalization of education in leading Russian universities, because it has the opposite side in the form of penetration of the representatives of extremist and terrorist groups on the territory of the Russian Federation and its regions. Sociological research which was cited among the foreign students of the Republic of Tatarstan has helped to identify points of social tension in the relationship of this group with the local population, in campuses, in the process of learning, public transport, etc. The results allow to draw first conclusions for prevention delinquent behavior of foreign students, to outline future research in-depth study of the process of adaptation. Currently the situation is relatively calm.
STUDY OF THE INTERRELATIONSHIP OF MECHANISMS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL AND MEDICAL ETIOLOGY OF FEMALE INFERTILITY
UDC: УДК 159.92
Authors: Tat'jana Shahvorostova ;
The article deals with the complex psychological and medical approach to the emergence of the problem of infertility in women of childbearing age. The author draws attention to the etiology of medical diagnosis in women and its close relationship with the psychological mechanisms of manifestation of intrapersonal conflict that results in the emergence and worsening of “infertility”. Study of the interre-lationship of psychological and medical components provide new opportunities of finding a traumatic factor, which is the starting point in the formation of the intrapersonal conflict, which is the result of somatization female infertility. The author describes the study of psychological defense mechanisms and correlating the results with the statements of infertile women according to the psycho-evolutionary theory by Robert Plutchika. As a result, the study confirms the previously proposed author’s hypothesis, that intrapersonal conflict can be the basis of infertility. It is a factor that triggers the psychosomatic adaptive-protective mechanism, as a result of which there is the likelihood of diagnosis of “infertility” of various etiologies in women of childbearing age.
TABOOS IN GENRE SYSTEM OF MARI FOLKLORE
UDC: УДК 811.511.151+398
Authors: Ljubov' Alekseevna Abukaeva ;
The work continues a series of articles devoted to the study of Mari taboos. Prohibitions in the descriptions of certain rites were recorded in ethnographic research and travel notes of the XIXth cen-tury. By the end of the XXth century, taboos as a separate genre of folklore were not allocated se-quentially in Mari folklore. Most researchers attributed taboo to superstition and considered them as part of religious beliefs. In separate headings Mari taboos are presented in the writings of T. Yevseyev, V. Vasilyev, N. Popov. To some extent, the existing gap in the study of taboo filled by the works of the author of this article. The study determined the genre specificity, revealed similarities and differences with other minor genres of Mari folklore – superstitions, beliefs, as well as connections are established within the system of prohibitions. Taboos feature a harmony of composition, brevity. This contributes to their accessibility, durability assimilation. A clear explanation of the reasons for the existence of the prohibition or the consequences of its violation provides stability of the taboo. In addition, the inclusion of a taboo in myths, fairy tales, songs, true stories, personal stories seen as features of the functioning and stability of the reasons for the prohibitions.
INTERPRETATION OF ACTIVE PROCESSES IN MODERN RUSSIAN IN TERMS OF ECOLOGICAL LINGUISTICS
UDC: УДК 81’27/28
Authors: Jel'vira Nikolaevna Akimova ;
The article concerns the genesis of the term “ecological linguistics”, the differences in understanding of specificity as well as a volume of this notion in foreign and Russian linguistics. The description of the main active processes on different levels of a language is given using the linguistic ecology aspect. These remarkable changes in lexical system are the final fixation of sound “i” pronunciation in phonetics; the prevalence in tele- and radio-speech the so-called English-like intonation; the redistribution of phraseological units groups and the appearance of new ones; the experiments in word-building. Even at Grammar level – being the most stable and conservative one – there are the broadening of the verbs transition functions, forming of occasional forms of singular and plural of a noun, the expressively important rethinking of occasional forms of singular nouns formation from Pluralia Tantum, the transition of relative adjectives into the qualitative ones through formation of the occasional degrees of comparison; the formation of the future participles and abnormal forms of passive participles. The syntax system is ______________ 1. Вербицкая Л. А. Давайте говорить правильно. 2 изд., испр. и доп. М., 2001. 239 c. 2. Ермакова О. П., Земская Е. А., Розина Р. И. Слова, с которыми мы все встречались: Толковый словарь русского общего жаргона. М., 1999. 320 с. 3. Иванова Е. В. Цели, задачи и проблемы эколингви-стики // Прагматический аспект коммуникативной лингви-стики и стилистики: сб. науч. тр. / отв. ред. Н. Б. Попова. Челябинск, 2007. С. 41–47. 4. Малински Т. Возникновение новых фразеологических единиц // Русистика. Берлин, 1992. № 2. С. 67–76. 5. Радбиль Т. Б. Инновационные процессы в лексике и грамматике русского языка Интернета // Croatica et Slavica Ladertina. № IV. 2008. C. 240–244. 6. Русский орфографический словарь: около 180000 слов / Российская академия наук. Институт русского языка им. В. В. Ви¬ноградова / О. Е. Иванова, В. В. Лопатин (отв. ред.), И. В. Нечаева, Л. К. Чельцова. 2-е изд., испр. и доп. М., 2004. 960 с. 7. Сковородников А. П. Об экологии русского языка // Филологические науки. 1992. № 5–6. С. 104–111. 8. Эпштейн М. О творческом потенциале русского языка. Грамматика переходности и транзитивное общество // Знамя. 2007. № 3. С. 193–208. Статья поступила в редакцию 20.06.2016 г. influenced by the language democratization, foreign languages dominance, stylistic diffusion, the prevailing of jargon expressions; the replacement of graphic forms with pictogram ones; usage of Latin orthography together with Cyrillic one. At the text level the main strategy being democratization results in simplifying the word building and sentences structures, to the subjective type of the text, the expressiveness and emotionality are growing up. From the other hand the tendency to the intellectualizing of the text is reflected in active referring the basic knowledge, strengthening its polyphony as well as a dialogue character. The given facts show the enlargement of both creative and adaptive opportunities of Russian. Modern Russian shows many tendencies simultaneously. Often these tendencies are diverse. But they coexist forcing or fading both each other and different factors of their functioning and development.
COMIC ART RECEPTIONS IN THE “HAPPY MISTAKE” BY I. GONCHAROV
UDC: УДК 821.161.1
Authors: Gul'zada Gadul'janovna Bagautdinova ;
The authors refer to the little-studied aspect in the work of Goncharov - study comical aspect in a small prose. It is the aesthetic dominant of the artistic world of the writer. The object of the study was the early work by Goncharov – “Happy mistake”. The purpose of the article is to identify some of the artistic techniques that contribute to the creation of comic situations in the story. The ways to create the comical aspect are various, but one way or another, they help to create events that deviate from the standard rules. The article discusses the following methods of the comical: the effect of misunderstandings; deformation; exaggeration; surprise; inconsistency; violation of the rules of logic. Furthermore, the comical is created using different artistic means at both forms, and the content level. The important observation from the author of the article is that comical beginning of the “Happy mistake” interacts with the serious one. The authors conclude that the comic is not only the shaping factor, but also an important indicator of an aesthetically perfect prose. Specificity of the comical by Goncharov is that it is often difficult to distinguish between different types: humor, irony, satire. Due to comical the story becomes easy, laughter brings order in the artistic picture of the world and creates a unique author's narrative style
PECULIARITIES OF SEMANTIC FIELD GENTLENESS/NOBELNESS CONSTITUANTS ACTUALIZATION IN VICTORIAN EPOCH FICTION TEXT
UDC: УДК 81.373
Authors: Galina Tigranovna Bezkorovaynaya ;
The article concerns the peculiarities of semantic field gentleness/nobleness representation as well as actualization in fiction texts of the Victorian era English literature of the XIXth century. The basis for understanding the fiction text as the multilayer and complex phenomenon are the works by such famous linguists as V. V. Vinogradov, A. A. Novikov, V. A. Maslova, A. T. Lipatov. The material for the study were the novels by such writers as J. Austene, Ch. Lever, E. Trollop whose works reflected the reality of their epoch when the qualities and understanding of moral and ethic values of the time, belonging to the high levels of the society were extremely important. The statistics of usage of constituents are given as well as their main functions are analyzed. The most frequently used lexemes are the carriers of the gentleness and nobleness – gentleman, lady, nobleman. Opposite the linear meaning fixed in the dictionaries the meanings of the lexemes in the fiction text they gain the additional shades of meanings, as the result of the whole text semantics and the author’s intention. The meanings connected with the noble and gentle birth are actualized in the texts as well as the particular characteristic features necessary for the persons of nobility. The article concludes that the meanings connected with both the noble birth and the noble morally high behavior depend upon the whole text semantics, and also the author’s intention.
BAYGUZA’S CONTRIBUTION TO MARI DRAMA
UDC: УДК 821.511.151
Authors: Galina Nikit'evna Boyarinova ;
The aim of the article is to investigate Yu. Bayguza’s contribution to Mari drama, and to reveal peculiar features of his artistic style. The purposes are to review the history of Mari drama taking into consideration its main stages, and to highlight the role of Bayguza as a dramatist; to study parable genre form of his plays “Silk Swings” and “Dawn over Abyss”; to analyze the role of artistic details in the psychological drama “Today is the Birthday”. The paper also deals with the peculiar features of Mari drama from 1920s to 1980s. It is proved that the style of Yu. Bayguza’s dramas is in the use of such genre forms as drama-parable, a sad comedy, psychological drama. The main attention is paid to poetics of his works. It is emphasized the singularity of generalized nature of the characters, ideological orientation in his plays, symbolism, dialogues and monologues generation, and remarks. The role of the objective world is highlighted in the psychological drama of the Mari writer.
LINGUISTIC PECULIARITIES OF ADVERTISING IN REGIONAL MEDIA (BASED ON THE ANALYSIS NEWSPAPER ADVERTISING)
UDC: УДК 81.42
Authors: Tat'jana Aleksandrovna Volkova ;
The article is devoted to peculiarities of advertising in regional media. The study is based on ads placed in periodicals like newspapers advertisements; advertising and information newspapers in the Republic of Mari El; regional socio-political publications containing the advertisement; the Russian publications, which include applications, published in the Republic of Mari El. The author considers the advantages and disadvantages of newspaper advertising. The article analyzes a number of placed in regional newspapers line advertising, advertising modules, advertising articles. Special attention is paid to the analysis of advertising modules as the most common forms of advertising. The subject of advertising is considered depending on the audience, media, advertising, season, advertising, the nature – орфографические («3-х зональный пружинный блок», «Сетка рабица, доставка и установка за пол дня», «Кованные изделия»,); – пунктуационные («Поедем, поедим», «Отделка внутренних наружных откосов»; – грамматические («…производит монтаж и ремонт систем отопления, водопровода, канализации, замена радиаторов»); – речевые («Мозг под угрозой шейного остеохондроза», «Матрас … сегодня несет в себе сразу несколько функций»); – логические («Вечная теплица. Срок службы более 30 лет»). В некоторых случаях подобные ошибки приводят к двусмысленности восприятия («Возможность изготовления дверей по размерам заказчика»). Таким образом, в газетных рекламных объявле¬ниях ключевой является вербальная составляющая. Рекламное сообщение может иметь различную структуру, однако наиболее распространенной является схема, включающая в себя такие компоненты, как заголовок и/или слоган, информационный блок и справочные сведения. В области морфологии отмечается обилие существительных, которые называют непосредст¬венно рекламируемый продукт, и глаголов, которые побуждают потребителей к определенному действию. В синтаксисе предпочтение отдается простым предложениям, поскольку они достаточно емко выражают основную мысль рекламы и легки для запоминания, а также вопросно-от-ветным конструкциям. В основном в газетах представлена торгово-роз¬ничная реклама, которая является достаточно однообразной, что, возможно, обусловлено отчасти и экономическими причинами (в частности, желанием предпринимателя сэкономить на рекламе). ______________ 1. Ромат Е. В. Реклама. СПб.: Питер, 2004. 176 с. 2. Федеральный закон Российской Федерации от 13 мар¬та 2006 г. № 38-ФЗ «О рекламе». Принят Государственной Думой 2 февраля 2006 г. Одобрен Советом Федерации 3 марта 2006 г. URL: http://www.rg.ru/2006/03/15/reklama-dok.html свободный. 3. Феофанов О. А. Реклама: новые технологии в России. СПб.: Питер, 2000. 384 с. Статья поступила в редакцию 6.06.2016 г. of the product. Based on the analysis of different approaches to the structure of the advertising, the following components, which are found in most ads placed in newspapers are highlighted: title and/or slogan, information block, reference block. The study reviews the types and features of headlines; slogans from the point of view of the structure and language of the content information unit; using different types and font sizes, label styles; illustrations and logos. The author also draws attention to the admitted in a newspaper advertisement errors (spelling, punctuation, grammatical, verbal, logical), which in some cases lead to ambiguity perception.
COMMUNICATIVE SPACE FOR EXTERNAL BORROWING
UDC: УДК 811.161.1’373
Authors: Sergej Aleksandrovich Zhuravljov ;
The article is devoted to the problem of functioning of loan words in its communicative aspect. The author pays attention to the current trend that is understood as characteristic feature of many languages – the expansion of anglicisms, which is mainly caused by objective reasons. The study compares these events in the retrospective aspect of the Russian language. Also the thematic groups of adopted neologisms are analyzed, and their possibilities of linguistic stability are estimated in this article. The communicative potential of adopted words is mentioned in its interrelationship with real communicative practice of native speakers of the Russian language.
TRADITIONAL (FOLKLORE) CULTURE AND EDUCATIONAL PROBLEMS IN RUSSIAN REGIONS
UDC: УДК 78.08:801.81
Authors: Tat'jana Arkad'evna Zolotova ;
This article represents an attempt at setting up teaching and educational process within the Russian educational system on the basis of realization of the philosophical principle «unity in diversity» stated by the prominent Russian philosopher K. Leontiev and his followers N. Danilevsky and L. Gumilyov. The realization of this principle by the participants of the experimental research conducted by the Federal Institute for Education Development in Russia assumes the use of the elements of cultural assets of the representatives of all ethnic groups represented in a certain educational collective in the course of moral, civil and patriotic education of the youth.
TYPES OF WARNING CONSTRUCTIONS IN ADVERTISING TEXT
UDC: УДК 81.367.3
Authors: Alevtina Anatol'evna Kalinina ;
The article analyzes the illocutionary component of the semantics of different types of warning state-ments used in commercial advertising texts. Constructions with grammatically expressive warning value (constructions like “Не + Imp СВ”) are compared with syntactically heterogeneous structures, in which the semantics of caution expressed by means of other levels of the language system. According to the function performed in the texts of the advertising destination, on produced perlocutionary effect, warning constructions like “Не + Imp СВ” are very different from warning statements, with non-grammatical features of the warning construction. In the form of grammatically negative suggestions, constructions like “Не + Imp СВ” stimulate the recipient of advertising to implement an action and are components focused on the expression of a pragmatic orientation of the advertising text. Thus, they are directly related to the actual implementation of the recruitment advertising message function: it is they focus illocutionary force of the advertising message. Constructions without grammatical indicator of caution just warn the recipient of advertising about the negative properties of what is ad-vertised, and act as a negative factor when deciding on the adoption of promotional offers. The study was made on the material of advertising in media. The main research method is descriptive. Semantic analysis of linguistic facts is supplemented with elements of pragmatic analysis.
MODERN STATE AND PROSPECTS OF ONLINE MEDIA DEVELOPMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF MARI EL
UDC: УДК 070.1
Authors: Evgenija Vasil'evna Karpova ;
The author carries out a study of online media of the Republic of Mari El on the subject of the use of special features and multimedia technologies. The study presents a content analysis of eight online resources of the Republic of Mari El. This allowed to find out the current state of regional online media and prospects for its further development. The author of the article also examines the processes of con-vergence taking place in the regional online media. The author comes to the conclusion that at present the regional online media do not use multimedia tools and advanced technology to the full, satisfied with fairly narrow set of the technologies already mastered. Results of the study can help the online media of the Republic of Mari El to start applying new technologies in the preparation of materials.
APHORISMS IN INNOVATIVE PROSE BY V. V. ROZANOV
UDC: УДК 82-3
Authors: Elena Pavlovna Kartashova ;
The article describes the evolution of one of the main style forming factors (aphoristic elements) in innovative prose by V. V. Rozanov. In modern Russian aphorism studies there is a common broad interpretation of an aphorism as a semantically complete judgment which is short, deep in content, metaphoric and easy to remember. An aphorism belongs to a certain author. Particular attention is paid to “stream of consciousness” prose, where based on the estrange reception an aphorism paradox by V. V. Rozanov is fulfilled. It allows to explicate essence of the author's intentions aimed at creating the effect of language game. The main ways of implementing the effect of language game are puns built on rethinking of polysemantic words meanings, homonyms, antonyms within a narrow context. “Stream of consciousness” prose by V. V. Rozanov (“Solitary”, “Fallen Leaves”, “Last leaves”) was that one starting point in Russian modernism literature when the following style forming factors were first conceptualized and implemented: aphoristic elements, intertextuality, precedency, the effect of language game. These factors will be the main source of expression of not only postmodernism fiction but also such modern linguistic phenomena as different genres of online communication at the turn of the twentieth century.
MARI LEXICAL LAYER IN THE TOPONYMY OF THE NIZHNY NOVGOROD REGION
UDC: УДК 81’373.21+811.511.151
Authors: Lyudmila Alekseevna Klimkova ;
The article discusses the units of Mari origin in the toponymy of the Nizhny Nivgorod region and in the microtoponymy of the right bank, Oka-Volga-Sura interfluve area, alongside multilingual proper names. Microtoponymy is also analyzed from the perspective of communicative dialectology and communicative onomastics. Special attention is paid to analyzing onymic items (toponyms: hydronyms, place-names; micro-toponyms) from the point of view of regional and dialectic systems, i. e. by the reinhabitants of the regions, focusing on discourse texts as component parts of micro-toponymic complexes. Ethnic motivation, in its turn, involves hypothetical assessment of names – starting from the most generalized, such as: “non-Russian” or “vrode (“some”) non-Russian”, to a more concrete one – “vrode (“chay”, “navernoye”, “podi” (meaning “may be”) Mordovian (Tatar)”, “Mordovian or Tatar”. Internal information with the status of folk etymology, allusions, up to clear fantasies, are considered to be ethnically, historically and demographically significant, since they generally express the awareness of multiethnic population of the region in the past. The territorial assessment of Mari onymic lexical layer units (topolexems, topoformants) as general indication of Nizhny Novgorod region areas: “Levoberezhye” (left bank area) – “Pravoberezhye” (right bank area) is pointed out. Etymological multi-versioning (outside the system) in scientific interpretation of the origin of toponymic units is also touched upon (with Mari and Mordovian etyma) and with generalized ethnic explanations like “derived from Finno-Ugrian…”, “of Finno-Ugrian origin…”. The conclusion is about the size and importance of Mari (and Mari-Mordovian) toponymic layer including in the historical and cultural area of Oka-Volga-Sura interfluve, which is indicative of historic, ethnic and demographic processes in the region.
ON THE ISSUE OF LOSS AND TRANSFORMING OF SOME PHONETIC PHENOMENA IN THE CONSONANTS IN RUSSIAN DIALECTS OF THE NORTHEAST OF THE REPUBLIC OF MARI EL (CONTINUATION)
UDC: УДК 408.7
Authors: Alevtina Gur'evna Lavrent'eva ;
The article continues the research connected with analysis of phonetic phenomena in modern Russian dialects of north-eastern part of the Republic of Mari El. This research is also connected with exploring of main tendencies which take place in the system of these dialects. The purpose of the research is to monitor modifications of affricates. The research done about half of a century ago by M. F. Moiseenko and some dialect materials collected by the author of the article for the last 10–15 years were the sources of this research. Analyzed dialect facts let us claim that Russian dialects of the Republic of Mari El belong nowadays to the group of dialects in which both affricates are distinguished. Affricates
and are pronounced in standard way. However, there is the process of deaffricatization of and in some dialects of the North-East. For example, point affricate is replaced by voiceless fricative mild consonant . Our analysis proves that in modern dialects the loss of occlusive element by phoneme is an active process typival for speech of people of elder generation. Another dialect feature connected with the phoneme is depalatalization that is connected with the loss of occlusive element in and . Deaffricatization is observed in the phoneme : in this case the loss of occlusive element is happen. To sum up, the analysis of local phonetic material proves that some dialect phenomena remain in some dialects in spite of group of modifications. Also many dialect features are lost under the influence of the standard form of a language.
VERBAL POSTPOSITIONAL GOVERNMENT IN A STORY “NEZER” BY V. PATRASH (DEVOTED TO THE 110TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE BIRTH)
UDC: УДК 82-3
Authors: Valerij Nikolaevich Maksimov ;
There is an extensive class of phrases with dependent relative components, consisting of a noun, an adjective and a postposition in the Mari language. Functional and semantic characteristics of postpositions create attributive relations with different shades between components of a phrase. Semantics of relative words allows distinguishing sub-groups denoting spatial and time meanings. The article is devoted to revealing phrases with dependent relative components. The aim of the article is to analyze verbal postpositional government in phrases used in the story “Nezer” by V. Partash.
NATIONAL AND UNIVERSAL HUMAN VALUES IN THE CREATIVE WORK OF SERGEI CHAVAIN (IN THE PRE-REVOLUTIONARY PERIOD)
UDC: УДК 821.511.151
Authors: Vitalij Timraevich Mihajlov ;
The article is devoted to the education of younger generation on the basis of national and universal human values. It is also reflects the need to study the philosophical categories of “national” and “universal” in the modern literary criticism. The paper argues that the study of this problem helps to identify patterns of development of both national and world culture, contributes to understanding of the historical development of peoples and to the realization of the national mentality, promotes the formation of the complete personality with knowledge of moral values of the ethnos, its esthetics and philosophy. In this regard the works in various genres by S. G. Chavain, the classicist of the Mari literature, concerning the Pre-Revolutionary period are analyzed. The study examines the manifestations of national identity in outlook, in the life views, in the character, in the feelings of the characters, in the means for reality depiction, as well as the author’s universal principles in a specified period are disclosed. Development and enrichment of the national character, reflected in the works by S. G. Chavain, are illustrated in close interaction with universal human aspects. On the basis of literary texts of the founder of the Mari literature, the study argues that literature along with pedagogy is the best source of disclosure of ethnic and universal human values to the younger generation, necessary for harmonious development of personality.
BORROWED COMPONENT OF METEOROLOGICAL VOCABULARY OF THE KOMI-PERMIAN LANGUAGE
UDC: УДК 811.511.132’373.45:551.5
Authors: Anatolij Nikolaevich Rakin ;
The meteorological vocabulary of the Komi-Permian language, having ancient sources, consists of primordial designations and borrowings. The primordial fund was formed on the basis of internal resources, that of another language – on the basis of external sources. All five structural versions of the studied vocabulary of the basic vocabulary contain borrowings in different quantities. Two groups of meteonyms have the greatest quantity of borrowings – general systemic designations (8 units) and the names of atmospheric precipitations (10 units). Unlike similar lexical-thematic categories of other Permian languages, the analyzed group of meteonyms consists of late borrowings. Early borrowings (ancient-Bulgarian) are absent here. The other-language component of meteorological vocabulary of the Komi-Permian language consists of borrowings of one type, the corresponding designations of the Russian literary language and the neighboring dialects served as a source for them. Words of the Russian origin as meteorological designations are used in the Komi-Permian language either independently, or in combination with primordial components.
LANGUAGE FACTOR IN INTERETHNIC COMMUNICATION OF THE REPUBLIC OF MARI EL
UDC: УДК 81.42
Authors: Vitalij Ivanovich Shabykov ; Raisiya Alekseyevna Kudryavtseva;
The article analyzes the social consciousness of the population of the Republic of Mari El in the aspect of its attitude to language as a factor of interethnic communication. The study is based on the materials of sociological data of 2015.