- VESTNIK 4(36) 2019
- Date publication on the site:
- 2019-12-09 16:05:02
- Full journal in PDF:
Content all 21
DEPENDENCE OF ACADEMIC MOTIVATION TO STUDY ENGLISH ON GENDER FACTOR AND PROFESSIONAL ORIENTATION AMONG BACHELOR STUDENTS
Authors: Marianna Yu. Anduganova; Anastasia A. Lukinykh; Tatiana Yu. Somikova; Svetlana D. Stepina;
Introduction. The growing globalization in all spheres of human activity is one of the important tendencies of social development today. This leads to employers’ increasing demands to their employees’ level of English as the main international language in various professional spheres. It is necessary for higher educational establishments to find adequate ways to meet the needs of modern companies in competent specialists knowing English at a sufficient level. This makes it urgent to research non-language university students’ motivation for studying English in order to improve the process of teaching this subject. Purpose. The aim of this article is to study the character and strength of bachelor students’ motivation for learning English, to determine the dependence of this motivation on such things as students’ professional orientation and gender factor. Materials and methods. This research is based on N. C. Badmaeva’s modification of the method to analyze academic motivation worked out by A. A. Reanand V. A. Yakunin. The material for the study was the survey of 100 first-year bachelor students with different majors at Ugra State University. Results, discussion. The research shows that the students have the motives to study English connected with travelling, entertainment, leisure; the motive connected with self-development is less important, even less important is the motive connected with the professional use of English. The correlation of the motives varies depending on gender and major factors. Conclusion. The results of the study can be used to improve the process of teaching foreign languages to university students, with due regard for their gender and major.
TYPES OF EDUCATION IN THE SYSTEM OF PUBLIC EDUCATION OF GREAT BRITAIN
Authors: Antonina S. Danilova;
Introduction. Comprehension of the British system of public education in the context of the historical development of approaches to education in the UK in the current sociocultural conditions of the development of British society will not only provide a holistic picture of education in public schools in the UK, but also offer grounds for the development of the domestic theory of education. Purpose: identify and characterize types of education in public schools of the UK. Materials and methods: historical and pedagogical method, analysis and generalization of the materials studied, actualization, selection, systematization and generalization of historical facts and original sources. The source base of the study is represented by four groups: educational documents, documents of government education commissions, reports of the Royal Inspectorate; periodicals; publications containing linguistic and cultural information; scientific and pedagogical works reflecting the development of pedagogical theory and practice in the UK. Results, discussion. Identification of types of upbringing in the UK system of public education and the integrating characteristics of the upbringing system – “the spirit of the school”. An analysis and description of the concept of “the spirit of the school” as an authentic phenomenon of educational work in a public school of the UK can help enrich the content of such concepts as “climate”, “environment”, “atmosphere”, “lifestyle”, “organizational school culture” and others. Conclusion. The study identified four types of education in public schools in the UK (civic, athletic, aesthetic, moral/spiritual), united by the integrating authentic phenomenon of “the spirit of the school”.
CRITERIA ASSESSMENT OF READINESS OF FUTURE TEACHERS TO A HEALTHY LIFESTYLE
Authors: Olga A. Demintseva;
Introduction. The article is devoted to the problem of assessing the readiness of future teachers to a healthy lifestyle. The structure of readiness for a healthy lifestyle is specified, components of readiness for a healthy lifestyle are highlighted. A brief characteristic of the criteria and indicators of readiness for a healthy lifestyle is given, the levels of readiness formation for a healthy lifestyle are established. Purpose: to specify the levels and criteria of readiness for a healthy lifestyle of future teachers. Materials and methods. The research is based on the theoretical analysis of scientific-pedagogical and psychological literature on the research problem and the method of modeling. The results of the study, discussion. Taking into account theoretical studies and experience of assessing the teachers’ readiness for a healthy lifestyle, we consider it appropriate to allocate the following interrelated criteria in the readiness assessment structure: motivational-value, cognitive, activity-oriented and evaluative-reflective, each of which contains a set of indicators that allow to identify the levels of readiness for a healthy lifestyle (low, medium, high). Conclusion. The analysis of levels and criteria of readiness of future teachers to a healthy lifestyle, allows us to establish their essential connection with such psychological concepts as “readiness component”, “readiness indicator”. The process of formation of readiness for a healthy lifestyle is multi-level in nature, which requires the allocation of levels and specification of the criteria of its formation.
ON CONDUCTING AN EXAM IN MATHEMATICAL DISCIPLINES AT A UNIVERSITY IN THE FORM OF TESTING WITH AN INTERVIEW
Authors: Olga A. Kashintseva; Irina A. Sarycheva;
Introduction. Fundamental changes in the entire system of higher education, including mathematics, require teachers to have a more flexible approach to organizing exams at universities. As a result of a comparative analysis of the traditional form of the final test (on tickets orally and in writing) and testing, consideration of their advantages and disadvantages, it was concluded that it is necessary to update the form of intermediate control at the university: combining the test and the oral response. Purpose: to analyze the methods of conducting an exam in mathematics at a university, its new configurations; to present the results of using tests on maths in mathematical disciplines at the Cherepovets State University in combination with an oral response. Materials and methods. The work used methods of collecting primary information, analysis of scientific articles and literature, methods of statistical analysis. As a result, the teachers developed a form for the examination in the form of a combination of a test and an oral response. Moreover, in all tasks of the test, coercion of solutions or explanation of the choice of answer is required; there are tasks that help test the ability to carry out proofs of theorems. The student’s short oral response allows the teacher to evaluate the degree of formation of oral mathematical speech. The results of an experimental study (conducting examinations in various forms) were processed by methods of mathematical statistics. Results, discussion. The analysis of scientific articles, other literary sources, the conducted survey of students and teachers led to the following conclusion: for students and teachers, the more preferable form than an intermediate test in the form of a traditional exam or testing is an exam in the form of a combination of a test and an oral response. At the same time, the level of mathematical competence formation among students of the experimental group was the same as that of students in the control group. Conclusion. The work revealed the advantages of an updated form of conducting an exam in mathematics in the form of a combination of a test and an oral response. At the same time, it became possible to more objectively assess the knowledge of students, their degree of training throughout the course being studied.
UNIVERSITY SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL: FEATURES OF THE CHOICE FOR PUBLICATION
Authors: Olga S. Krylova; Dmitry A. Krylov; Linar G. Akhmetov;
The purpose of this study is to show the role of scientific journals in a Russian university, to analyze the main features of a modern scientific journal, which are necessary when choosing a publication to publish the results of a study. The goal is specified in the following tasks: 1) to reflect the important role of a scientific journal in a modern university; 2) on the basis of the analysis of existing formalized methods for assessing the quality of a scientific periodical, identify the most significant features of a modern scientific journal, having formed an understanding of a bona fide publication. Introduction. At present, almost every university in Russia has its own scientific journals. The need for their appearance is caused by the integration of Russian science achievements into the world global scientific and educational space. The discussion of the results. The formalized methods of journals of several structures are analyzed: Scientific E-Library (SEL), RSCI, HAC, RSCI, Scopus and Web of Science. Signs of unfair publications are indicated. Conclusions. A scientific journal in a modern Russian university is assigned one of the leading roles in the formation of new scientific knowledge, scientific social thought. A highly rated journal is important both for the university itself and for a scientist building his personal publishing career, so it is so important to know the main features of a modern scientific periodical. The demand for scientific journals among authors to publish the results of their research, but the lack of a clear understanding of what a decent and high-quality scientific journal is, speaks of the relevance and practical significance of the chosen topic. Theoretical research methods were used: study and analysis of literature and normative documents on the analyzed problem; a factual approach was also used, consisting in the identification, collection, systematization and interpretation of facts.
CASE PROJECTS AS A MEANS OF DEVELOPING METASUBJECT RESULTS OF STUDENTS
Authors: Irina S. Leushina; Albina A. Temerbekova;
Introduction. The article discusses a new approach to training at school – case projects, allowing you to consider the process of formation and development of metasubject results of students in dynamics. Modernization of general education in Russia is characterized by the renewal of the educational paradigm at the target, substantive, technological and effective levels. One of the ways to improve the quality of education at school is case projects as a necessary condition for the requirements of the educational standard, which helps to increase the motivation in general, to increase the quality of academic performance of schoolchildren and the profiling of training. Purpose: to determine the efficiency of case projects introduction as a means of formation of universal educational actions of students in basic schools. Materials and methods. To determine the level of formation of universal educational actions of students, the following methods were used: “Assessment of the level of formation of educational activity” (G. V. Repkina, E. V. Zaika), “Diagnostics of the level of formation and development of universal educational actions” (I. S. Leushina), “Ability to projection”, “Assessment form of the jury memeber” (A. I. Savenkov). The authors used the following methods in their study: theoretical (analysis of philosophical, psychological, pedagogical and educational literature, studying of dissertations, scientific articles and monographs on the research problem); empirical (pedagogical observation, questioning, testing, sociological survey, conversation, method of expert evaluations, modeling, pedagogical experiment, analysis of the products of educational activities of students); statistical (mathematical processing of results of a pedagogical experiment, statistical analysis and interpretation of research results). Research results, discussion. The implementation of the integrated tool − case projects promoted the formation of universal educational actions of students of the basic school. The analysis of questioning results revealed a positive dynamics of the level of formation of universal educational actions of students of the basic school in the educational process. Conclusion. The use of case projects helps to improve the quality of training, the level of formation of universal educational actions of students in basic schools, which proves the success of the pedagogical experiment.
IDENTIFICATION OF EFFECTIVE TOOLS FOR YOUTH TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Authors: Elmira R. Khairullina; Aziza S. Nasretdinova;
The article clarifies and provides definitions of such concepts as “youth tourism”, “student tourism”, “tourism of the millennials”, “tourism of “Z generation”. The following functions of youth tourism are given, such as: strengthening the economy of the destination through domestic and inbound youth tourists; acquaintance with the historical and cultural heritage of the native country and other states; actualization in young people of a sense of national identity and patriotism, but at the same time fostering respect and tolerance for everyday life and customs of other nationalities and peoples, ensuring multilateral personality development. The types of youth tourism are listed: student tourism, tourism of the millennials, tourism of “Z generation”. The global trends of each of these types of tourism are analyzed. The article focuses on youth tourism as a component of the youth policy system in Russia. The systematic approach is described as an applied technology in promoting the spiritual, intellectual and physical development of youth, educating them in public consciousness and patriotism. The characteristic features of millennials are studied, and their basic travel needs are formulated: the formation of demand “here and now”; the need to connect to high-speed Internet; the need to constantly keep in touch with your guests (social networks, applications, SMS distribution and direct mail, promotions, etc.); the need to know your visitors (both potential and real): create databases, conduct marketing research; the need to personalize products, services and experience; the importance of e-marketing. The situation of development of youth tourism in Russia, which is characterized by weak activity, is assessed. Recommendations on the activation of youth tourism in Russia are given.
PREPARATION OF FUTURE PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS FOR PEDAGOGICAL CONSELING OF PARENTS
Authors: Andrey V. Rybakov;
Introduction. Today, the role of the teacher and the school as a whole has changed. The teacher is responsible not only for the translation of knowledge, but also the creation of conditions for the full development of the student's personality, not only within the walls of the school. The article deals with the problem of training future primary school teachers to provide pedagogical counseling of parents in modern conditions. The purpose of the study: to consider the possibility of the educational process of the University in preparing future primary school teachers for pedagogical counseling of parents. Materials and methods. A set of such theoretical and practical methods as: analysis, synthesis, generalization, observation, survey and conversation were used in the course of the work. The work is based on the ideas of a systematic approach to the knowledge of complex objects, universal communication and interdependence of phenomena, personality-oriented, active and humanistic approaches to education. Results of the research, discussion. The importance of pedagogical counseling in the professional activity of a teacher is revealed, the main forms, methods and means of its implementation are analyzed. The necessity of purposeful training of future teachers for working with parents is substantiated, since it is the school that is the centre of combining the efforts of parents and public organizations in the development and education of the younger generation. The author analyzes the possibilities of pedagogical disciplines studied by students at a University, as well as available and most effective methods, means and forms of professional selfdevelopment, development of pedagogical competence and types of extracurricular activities that are important for preparing future teachers to work with students’ parents. Conclusion. At the present stage of development of Russian education, pedagogical counseling of students’ parents is an important aspect of the professional activity of primary school teacher, for the successful implementation of which it is necessary to carry out targeted and systematic training of future teachers. Training in a modern University with a competent organization of classes of psychological and pedagogical cycle and active involvement of students in a variety of activities contributes to the formation of future primary school teachers’ readiness for pedagogical counseling of parents.
NETWORK AND MULTIMEDIA TECHNOLOGIES IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF PROJECT ACTIVITIES AS PART OF THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS IN HIGHER EDUCATION
Authors: Dina A. Semenova;
Currently, a huge impact on all types of human activity has the message of society, issued in the form of a social order. And the educational process is one of the few types that social order influences to a greater extent. In accordance with the Letter of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation dated January 21, 2019 no. МН-2.1 / 222 from December 31, 2018, admission to study in accordance with FSES 3+ ends. Thus, immediately from January 1, 2019, educational organizations should enroll in the first year only in accordance with FSES 3++, which identifies eight universal competencies. In particular, the result of successful mastering a bachelor's programme for a graduate is the ability to determine the range of tasks aimed at achieving the goal and to choose the best ways to implement them, within the framework of existing legal norms, available resources and restrictions. That is, he must have the universal competency UK-2, belonging to the category of competencies “Development and implementation of projects”. Purpose: determination of the role of network and multimedia technologies in the implementation of project activities in higher education. Materials and methods. Project activity implies that the student spends most of the time devoted to work on the project on independent work with various resources, this is continuous work outside the walls of the educational institution. In this regard, there is a cardinal change not only in the form of organization of the educational process, but also in the role of the teacher and the student in it. The popularity of project activities is growing every year and this is mainly due to the fact that new educational tools are appearing that allow more efficient implementation of this technology. Results, discussion. The attraction of multimedia and Internet tools and technologies contributes to the formation of a product of students’ joint activities, ensuring meaningful team interaction and continuous improvement of project work. Conclusion. The use of network multimedia technologies in the implementation of project activities contributes to the fact that the didactic properties of the latter significantly expand, adding to the existing inherent network and multimedia technologies: accessibility, multimedia, the ability to post comments or make changes to the text content, tools for organizing network discussions, the development of information and communication and personal competencies, opportunities for storing and transmitting information in various formats, as well as for organizing search and research work and others.
PROJECT TASKS IN EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES AS A MEANS OF FORMING THE READING COMPETENCE OF PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS
Authors: Yulia Yu. Skripova;
The formation of reading competence of primary school students is a priority task of literary reading. Together with the traditional lesson, extracurricular activities in literary reading can be aimed at solving this problem. The relevance of the study is justified by the need to search for active means of forming a set of skills that make up the reading competence of primary school students. Project training is a modern technology of organization of educational activity of schoolchildren. In primary school, the prototype of the project activity is the project task. The object of the study is extracurricular activities of primary school students in literary reading. The subject of the research is a project task as a means of forming the reading competence of primary school students. Purpose: to theoretically substantiate and experimentally verify the effectiveness of project tasks in the formation of reading competence of primary school students. Materials and methods. The methodological basis of the study is the theory of formation of a primary school student as a reader and the doctrine of the type of correct reading activity by N. N. Svetlovskaya, A. B. Vorontsov’s ideas about the project problem in primary school. The research methods are: theoretical analysis of methodological literature, scientific publications and regulatory documents, generalization, pedagogical experiment, methods of quantitative and qualitative analysis of experimental work results: assessment of the average score of groups, intra-group and inter-group variance, Cramer-Welch criterion. Results, discussion. The article presents a set of project tasks based on the material of literary reading. Project tasks were carried out as part of extracurricular activities in the experimental group of students. The pedagogical experiment was carried out during the 2018–2019 academic year. The main conclusions of the study are the following: active activity of students with different types of texts contributes to the formation of components of reading competence; reading activity in solving the project task is carried out in an atmosphere of educational cooperation comfortable for schoolchildren; project task is an effective means of forming the reading competence of primary school students. Conclusion. The practical significance of the study lies in the possibility of using the project tasks we have developed in teaching primary school students with the aim of forming the skills that make up reading competence.
“CYCLIC CASE” AS A METHOD OF GROUP TRAINING AND PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT OF ADULTS
Authors: Natalia V. Khodyakova; Inna S. Sklyarenko;
The introduction reveals the relevance of adult education and the need to use special tools for this purpose. The purpose of this article is to substantiate the feasibility of “cyclic case” as a didactic method of group training and personal development of adults, to reveal the content of the concept of “cyclic case” and to present a specific example of its application. The main part highlights the specific personal characteristics of an adult student. The special role of the case-method in the personal development of adult students is actualized. The possibilities of the case-method are described, which are not limited to the solution of the presented ready-made situational problems, it is noted that modeling (compilation) of cases by the students themselves has a greater developing potential. An integrated variant of the case-method application in a group competitive form called “cyclic case” is proposed. As a specific example of the use of the “cyclic case” method, a methodical fragment of a practical lesson on the discipline “Organization of scientific activity in educational and scientific organizations of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia” taught for adjuncts trained under the programme of training of scientific and pedagogical personnel is presented. The results of the study showed complete satisfaction with the experimantal classes conducted using the method of “cyclic case” in 98.7% of students. Each of the study participants noted an increase in the experience of creative, professional and communicative activities. The conclusion of the article contains a general conclusion on the study results.
THE DEVELOPMENT OF A SENSE OF COLOR IN PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN THROUGH NON-TRADITIONAL DRAWING TECHNIQUES
Authors: Irina B. Cheskidova;
The development of a sense of color in children of primary school age plays an important role in the formation of aesthetic qualities of an individual. Artistic and aesthetic development is one of the main tasks facing primary school, the development by primary school children of the content of fine art, the means of its expressiveness, including color, contributes to the formation of aesthetic consciousness of students, the development of emotional and sensual sphere, provides opportunities for self-improvement and self-realization. The aim of the article is the generalization and systematization of experience in the development of a sense of color in primary school children. Materials and methods. Fine arts lessons and extracurricular activities in primary school provide great opportunities for the development of children's sense of color through non-traditional drawing techniques. The analysis of theoretical research, creative works and color characteristics given by students, allows to conclude that the work in non-traditional techniques contributes to the understanding of the relationship of color and sound, taste, odour, the development of tactile sensations, the development of the ability to obtain color shades, experience the emotional response to color, and the ability to give emotional-figurative characteristic of color. Research result. First-grade students were asked to characterize the rainbow colors, while the following levels were determined: objective, partly emotional and emotional-figurative characteristics of color. After the implementation of the project to develop a sense of color in the lessons of fine arts using nontraditional drawing techniques, the following data were obtained – the number of children who gave the objective characteristic of color decreased and amounted to 5.4 %, partially emotional increased and amounted to 40.54 %, emotional-figurative increased and amounted to 54.06 %. Conclusion. The development of color by children from tactile sensations to emotional reactions to color and from them to the actual sense of color; “inclusion” in the work with color of all the senses of the child; the use of a variety of non-traditional techniques contribute to the formation of the ability to express their attitude to color, to obtain shades of color, their harmonious combinations, the emergence of an emotional reaction to color, which ultimately contributes to the development of a sense of color. Analysis of students' drawings showed that these skills are manifested in practice.
THE SPECIFICS OF OCCASIONAL WORD COMBINATIONS AND WAYS OF THEIR TRANSLATION IN TV SERIES DISCOURSE OF “DOCTOR WHO”
Authors: Marianna Yu. Anduganova; Aleksandra A. Korchagina;
The article is devoted to the analysis of occasional word combinations and their translation into Russian. The study carried out on the material of the text of the British science fiction television series «Doctor Who». Due to the fact that the genre of the series is modern science fiction, thus makes it understudied and relevant materials concerning formation of new English words and their translation into the Russian language. The theoretical basis for this work was the works of Russian and foreign linguists, through which a generalized analysis of approaches to the interpretation of the term “occasionalism” by representatives of different linguistic schools was given. We suggest to divide occasional word combinations in two groups: simple and mixed occasional word combinations, where the component part is nonce-word. In the course of the study, the ways of translation of the studied type of nonce words were identified and it was determined which ways were used the most to translate mixed and simple occasional word combinations. The continuous sampling method revealed 128 occasional word combinations, where 71.8 % were ordinary occasional combinations and 28.2 % were mixed. In addition, their thematic groups were established. The study shows the main methods of translation of occasional word combinations: calquing, descriptive translation, half-calquing, transcription, transliteration, approximate translation and logical synonymy. Half-calquing was mainly used to translate mixed occasional word combinations. In the article there are also given diagrams, which show the main ways of translation of occasional word combinations, and reasoned conclusions.
GRIBOEDOV’S INTERTEXT IN I. A. GONCHAROV’S STORY “HAPPY MISTAKE”
Authors: Gulzada G. Bagautdinova;
Introduction. The play “Woe from wit” by A. S. Griboedov was one of the artistically significant for I. A. Goncharov, so Griboedov’s traditions make up the literary context of both the writer’s early work and the mature period represented by the novel genre. Goncharov’s “critical etude” dedicated to Griboedov’s “Woe from wit” – “A Million of Torments” – serves as an indirect confirmation of the non-randomness of this intertextual interaction. Purpose: to reveal some intertextual references between I. A. Goncharov’s “Happy mistake” and A. S. Griboedov’s play “Woe from wit”. Materials and methods. The subject of the study is the work of I. A. Goncharov, written in the early, so-called “pre-publication” period of the writer’s work, which allows us to identify some patterns inherent in both small and novel prose of Goncharov. The main research methods are historical – genetic and intertextual. Results, discussion. Intertextual interactions are the least studied aspect of Goncharov’s poetics. The scientific novelty of the article is determined by the study of some artistic features of the embodiment of Griboedov’s intertext in the story of I. A. Goncharov “Happy mistake”. Conclusion. There is no doubt that one of the literary pretexts underlying the “Happy mistake” by I. A. Goncharov is the play by A. S. Griboedov “Woe from wit”. The writer uses Griboedov’s original source not only at the level of allusions, but includes clearly recognizable quotes in his text. One of the epigraphs- quotes of “Woe from wit” serves as a clear intertextual “key” to deciphering artistic contexts. However, Griboedov’s “Woe from wit” – is not the only work echoing the story of I.A. Goncharov “Happy mistake”.
TRADITIONS OF RUSSIAN AND WORLD CLASSICAL LITERATURE IN THE WORKS OF YOUNG PLAYWRIGHTS (ON THE BASIS OF “NEW DRAMA”)
Authors: Tatiana A. Zolotova; Mariya A. Mansurova;
Introduction. The article examines one of the urgent issues of modern literary criticism: the identification of peculiarities of interpretation of Russian and world classics by young playwrights, representatives of the so-called “New Drama”. This trend was formed and its genres were defined at the turn of the 21st century. Purpose: to identify the distinctive features of interpretation of the classical heritage in the works of young playwrights; to reveal the degree of their dependence on the artistic experience of the interpretation of the classical literature in the Kolyadatheater; as well as to identify the features of their individual style. Materials and methods. The article is based on the material of the dramatic work by Irina Vaskovskaya, the prize-winner of several prestigious awards and contests. The focus is on her play “Galatea Sobakina” (2014). Comparative-historical and typological methods are used in the research. Results, discussion. The article highlights the fact that the attitude to the classical heritage in the Russian society was far from unambiguous at the turn of the 21st century. On the one hand, harsh attacks on the classical literature and the desire to dispel the yesterday’s idols attracted attention; on the other hand, for many artists this literature was and remains “the foundation, the basis and the reservoir” of characters, plots and motifs. As for Irina Vaskovskaya’s play, which is undoubtedly very acute in social terms, it is directed against both “antagonists” of the Russian classical literature and its close-minded “protectors” leading their followers into ideological and intellectual impasse. Moreover, the young playwright opposes all forms of education, supressing the human personality. Conclusion. The authors come to the conclusion that the play “Galatea Sobakina” is certainly inspired by the absurdists’ experiments and thus includes the traditional elements of the Theater of the Absurd: they are reflected in the story, topics and motifs of the work. The poetics of the text and the scenography of the stagings also suit them. At the same time, Irina Vaskovskaya applies all these techniques with elements of irony and play. The authors of the article believe that it results from the inclusion of allusions to the Russian and world classical literature (myths, works by B. Shaw, V. Mayakovsky, M. Bulgakov) into the play.
RUSSIAN-LANGUAGE PROSE BY ZINAIDA KATKOVA (VALUE ASPECTS OF THE CHARACTER SYSTEM OF THE NOVEL “WHERE ARE YOU, MY HAPPINESS?”)
Authors: Igor P. Karpov; Raisiya A. Kudryavtseva;
The object of the research is the character system of the novel “Where are you, my happiness?” by the famous Mari writer Zinaida Katkova in the value aspect. The axiological paradigm of Mari literature as a problem of scientific study is in the focus of attention of modern researchers, but needs to be filled with concrete empirical material, and this study contributes to it. The aim of the study is to identify the content of the author’s axiological sphere, which is manifested in the selection of characters, the structure of the character system and the moral self – determination of characters. The authors use the authorological method of analysis, within which the author is considered as a subject of literary-artistic activity, and a literary-artistic work as a verbal-figurative form of objectification of existential forces of the author. At the beginning of the article the problem of the bilingualism of the writer is analysed, then the character system and the conflict in terms of value oppositions, the main features of construction of the character (figurative) system, the author’s objectification of moral values in the structure of the character system are examined. The character world of the novel is based on the principles of panoramic volume, the relationship of the character’s social role and moral values, the plan of personal relationships is presented as a fascinating melodramatic narrative, full of misunderstandings, chance encounters, adventurous situations. The highest author’s values, manifested in the appearance and fate of the characters: the effective connection of the person’s own fate with the fate of his country and people, following national traditions. A man as a part of a family, clan, labor collective, a man in his kindness and unselfishness, love to his people and his language, his customs – these are the defining values for the author and his positive characters. But next to this world of love and labour, there is a world of opportunists at all levels of the social hierarchy: from party leaders to managers of specific enterprises. The internal appearance of these people is determined by their selfish aspirations. These two worlds and different types of characters are depicted by the authors in specific social and industrial situations of the 1950s – early 1960s.
FEATURES OF THE ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF DRAMA IN THE CHUVASH AND MARI LITERATURES
Authors: Irina Yu. Kirillova; Аlbina F. Myshkina;
Introduction. Today, it is important to study national literatures not as self-contained art systems, but in close interation with each other. One of the main tasks of such a study is the search for universals, testifying to the unity of different literatures, and identifying their uniqueness and national identity. The aim of this article was the authors’ desire through the analysis of the Chuvash drama in the context of the Mari literature to identify their inherent trends, national traditions developed by years, to see the prospect of their further development. Materials and methods. The primary research materials were dramatic works of the Chuvash and Mari writers of the beginning of the 20th century, which are the most typical for this period, as well as scientific publications of researchers of the region on the problems of national literature. The work is based primarily on cultural-historical, comparative and historical-functional methods, which contributed to the comprehensive solution of the problems facing the authors. Results of research, discussion. In the course of the study, the authors studied not only individual works of drama, but also analyzed the general cultural and national peculiarities of the Volga region. As analysis showed, at the beginning of the 20th century, the artistic systems of the Chuvash and Mari peoples were formed under the influence of common external factors (folk traditions, Russian literature, enlightenment, and the national liberation movement). Conclusion. As a result of the study, the authors came to the following conclusions: 1) dialogical relations between the Chuvash and Mari literature, functioning in the same Ural-Volga literary community, arose at the stage of their formation; 2) the process of formation of the national drama of the peoples of the Volga region is generally homogeneous, each of them to a certain extent reflects the general development trends.
POETIC IMAGES OF TIME BY A. S. PUSHKIN AND J. W. GOETHE
Authors: Yulia Yu. Klykova;
Introduction. The article deals with the linguistic representation of the concept of vremya/Zeit in the poetry of the great classics of world literature on the basis of an anthropocentric approach, implying the study of the connection of consciousness and thinking, culture and personal experiences. The national content of the concept, supplemented by the author’s connotative meanings, represents a subjective understanding of time in the Russian and German language pictures of the world. Purpose. The aim of the research is conducting a comparative study of the semantics features of time in the poetry of A. S. Pushkin and J. W. Goethe, as well as revealing national-cultural and individual author’s features of time perception. Materials and methods. The original poetic texts of A.S. Pushkin and J. W. Goethe were used as the material for the research. The method of continuous sampling, comparative method, etc. were used to describe and determine the features of the components of the conceptual field of “time” in the Russian and German languages. Results, discussion. Despite individual idiosyncrasies, the lexeme vremya/Zeit bears common characteristics and conceptual signs for both poets. In the poetry of A.S. Pushkin and J.W. Goethe, the studied lexeme acquired the ability to move in a different way with a different degree of intensity. Vremya/Zeit also receives spatial characteristics, can act as an object of manipulation, be defined and thus acquire additional value. There were signs characteristic only of the poetic language of J.W. Goethe, in which time can affect a person, instructing him on the path of truth, and itself acquire a reasonable content. The language material made it possible to reveal Goethe’s view of time from a philosophical perspective. Conclusion. The concept of “time” in the poetic texts of A.S. Pushkin and J.W. Goethe acquires its dynamic aspect, transforming into an individual form of ideas about time, reflecting the personal experiences and feelings, experience and knowledge of the author, which undoubtedly aims the reader to search for truth. The unevenness of the author’s correlation of the lexical category of time indicates that the mystery of time and its essence interested J. W. Goethe more.
ATTITUDE COMPONENT IN THE IDIOMS THAT MAKE METAPHORICAL MODELS IN THE ALIMENTARY CODE OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE
Authors: Tatyana A. Soldatkina;
Figurative structure of idioms reflects cultural codes that make linguistic picture of the world. Food and national cuisine represent a specific culture area. Idioms specify an English alimentary code and its axiological vector 6, p. 77. Purpose. The purpose of the article is to analyze metaphorical models presented in the idioms of the English alimentary code. Materials and methods. 256 idioms of the English alimentary code make the object of the research. The idioms under analysis have been selected by the continuous sampling method from the bilingual “Big English-Russian Phraseological Dictionary” by A. V. Kunin. The descriptive method and the elements of the comparative-historical method were applied in the course of analysis. Results, discussion. Metaphorical model Gastronomic images is state of a person is represented by the frames “Physical parameters of a person”, “Satiety”, “Emotional state of a person”. The frame “Physical parameters of a person” is represented by the slots “Constitution”, “State of health”. The slot “State of health” is represented by lexemes denoting food and cooking attributes. Frame “Satiety” is represented by slots “Basic need for food”, “State of intoxication”. Hunger and satiety are verbalized through anthropomorphic, natural and artifact metaphors. Frame “Emotional state of a person” is represented by the slots “Pleasure”, “Confidence”, “Suffering/ humiliation”. Conclusion. Idioms of the English alimentary code corresponding to the given metaphorical models have been revealed. It was stated that they reflect gastronomic images. The analysis suggests the predominance of anthropomorphic, zoomorphic and artifact metaphors. Key components are represented by the lexemes denoting food, feelings of satiety and hunger, the process of eating.
REVIEW TO THE MONOGRAPH “THE UDMURT DRAMATURGY OF THE SECOND HALF OF THE XX – THE BEGINNING OF THE XXI CENTURY: PROBLEMS, ARTISTIC IDENTITY, GENRE SEARCHES” / T.I. ZAITSEVA, N.V. KONDRATIEVA, M.V. IVSHINA; EDITED BY T.I. ZAITSEVA. IZHEVSK : UDMURT UNIVERS
Authors: Ruslan Z. Khajrullin;
В рецензируемой коллективной монографии рассматривается удмуртская драматургия второй половины XX – начала XXI века: ее проблематика, художественное своеобразие, жанровые искания.
II QUALIFYING CHAMPIONSHIP OF FSBEI HE “MARI STATE UNIVERSITY” ACCORDING TO THE STANDARDS OF “WORLDSKILLS”
Authors: D. A. Krylov, P. V. Nikitin, T. I. Zaburdaeva, T. V. Petukhova, A. O. Evdokimov, V. V. Konstantinova, E. V. Maltseva, E. V. Kondratenko ;
В период с 28 по 30 мая 2019 года в Марийском государственном университете – опорном вузе Республики Марий Эл состоялся II отборочный чемпионат ФГБОУ ВО «Марийский государственный университет» по стандартам «Ворлдскиллс».