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Title:
VESTNIK 1(33) 2019
Number:
1
Year:
2019
Date publication on the site:
2019-03-13 10:09:44
Full journal in PDF:
STUDENT DESIGN BUREAU AS A FORM OF ORGANIZATION OF STUDENTS’ SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL CREATIVITY
UDC: 378:001.89
Section: PEDAGOGICS
Authors: Sergey G. Korotkov; G. Akhmetov Linar;
The article is devoted to the actual today problem of popularization of scientific and technical creativity in society. The authors’ vision of solving this problem through the creation of resource centers and the development of club movement on the basis of higher education institutions is presented. The work clarifies the significance and role of scientific and technical creativity in the formation of the next generation of competent specialists, engineers, scientists and entrepreneurs. The tasks of higher education institutions and possible solutions to problems are analyzed, including through the organization of project teams and student scientific technical clubs and design bureaus. Student design bureaus are considered as a means of effective solution of the problems of popularization of scientific and technical creativity among students and schoolchildren. The example of the student design bureau “Technopark-Profiˮ at the Mari State University reveals the possibility of involving students in research and design activities, creating conditions for the students’ creative activity formation. The article also presents a practical solution to the problems associated with the return of the mass interest of students to scientific and technical creativity, describes the main goals and objectives of the student design bureau. It also describes the types and forms of organization of classes, support options for students seeking to realize themselves through the implementation of student research and developmental works for grants, nominal scholarships, awards, motivation and encouragement of students’ mass participation in scientific and technical activities through organizational and methodological, consulting and technical-technological support for innovative projects carried out within the framework of the student design bureau. The key development directions are considered and the analysis of the student design bureau activity results for 2018 is presented in the article.
THE REGIONAL MODEL OF TARGETED TRAINING AND CONTRACT EMPLOYMENT: ORGANIZATIONAL AND MANAGERIAL IMPLEMENTATION CONDITIONS
UDC: 373
Section: PEDAGOGICS
Authors: Olga M. Maykova; Elena V. Kondratenko;
The article deals with the main measures related to the development and support of the personnel potential of the education system in the Republic of Mari El at the present stage. The measures are correlated to the organizational and managerial conditions for the implementation of the developed model, selected within the research work. The study was carried out on the basis of 14 municipal districts and 3 urban districts of the Republic of Mari El, whose educational organizations participated in the organization of targeted admission and contract employment during 2016–2018. Such methods as: the study and analysis of theoretical literature and regulatory documentation on the studied problem, SWOT-analysis and modeling, questioning, the method of expert assessments were used in this research. During the study, a regional model of a targeted training and contract employment for teachers was developed and tested; organizational and managerial conditions for its effective implementation were identified. Moreover, criteria and indicators for organizational and managerial conditions for implementing a targeted admission and contract employment model were defined. The developed model, tested in selected municipal and urban districts, allows talking about the achievement of social effects in terms of increasing the attractiveness of teaching professions for graduates of educational organizations; increasing the responsibility of heads of educational organizations for the personnel policy of an educational organization based on reliable and up-to-date data on the forecasting need for teaching staff; increasing social responsibility (motivation) of university graduates for their decision in building a teaching career. In conclusion, the authors determined directions for further study of the problem and specified the areas of managerial decision making.
DEVELOPING STUDENTS’ INTERCULTURAL COMPETENCE BY USING COOPERATIVE TEACHING TECHNOLOGY AT THE FOREIGN LANGUAGE CLASSES
UDC: 378.147
Section: PEDAGOGICS
Authors: Elina I. Murtazina;
Introduction. The use of cooperative teaching strategy at the Foreign language classes helps to develop the students’ intercultural competence, that is to say the team work enables realizing intercultural dialogue. Purpose. The cooperative teaching strategy was implemented as “Jigsaw”, “Learning together” and “Team learning” strategies for developing students’ intercultural competence of the Kazan National Research Technological University (bachelor’s degree program 38.03.03 “Personnel management”) during the time of two semesters, academic year 2017–2018. Materials and methods. The Intercultural Development Inventory (Bennett, Hammer) was used for estimating the stage of students’ intercultural competence. It allowed us to determine the dominating stage of students’ intercultural development in the control and experimental groups at the beginning and at the end of the experiment. Results, discussion. Learning objectives on applying the theory of intercultural development in the imaginary situations of intercultural communication contributed to developing the analytical skills, logical and critical thinking, creative imagination and gradual development of students’ intercultural development. The analysis of pre and post questioning results revealed the positive dynamics of intercultural development in the experimental groups; there was a shift toward the ethnorelative position – students’ deeper understanding of another culture thanks to acquiring the skills of intercultural communication while modelling the situations of intercultural collision. Conclusion. The wide use of cooperative teaching technology at the English classes permitted to create an atmosphere of creativity, to increase motivation for learning the language and the level of intercultural competence, which is confirmed by experimental data.
CRITERIA, INDICATORS AND LEVELS OF MATHEMATICAL COMPETENCE FORMATION OF FUTURE MID-LEVEL SPECIALISTS
UDC: 377.37.016.51
Section: PEDAGOGICS
Authors: Irina V. Nikolaeva; Dmitry A. Krylov;
Introduction. The dynamic changes in the national education policy taking place in our country, the requirements of the National Doctrine of Education of the Russian Federation until 2025 caused a number of problems in the professional training, including mathematical, of qualified specialists. At the present stage, one of the ways to improve the quality of the mathematical training of future mid-level specialists is the purposeful formation of their mathematical competence. The purpose of the article: the presentation of the results of experimental work on mathematical competence formation of future mid-level specialists in the process of professionally directed training in mathematics based on the identified criteria and indicators of formation. Materials and methods. Experimental research on the formation of mathematical competence was conducted on the basis of the structural unit of the Volga State Technological University. In the control groups, the training was carried out in the natural conditions of the educational process, without changing curricula and programs. In experimental groups training was carried out in accordance with the theoretical model of mathematical competence formation developed in the study. Research results. At the end of the experiment, the level of mathematical competence formation of students of the experimental group was higher than that of students of the control group. The number of students with a high and medium level of mathematical competence formation increased by 35% in the experimental group, and in the control group − by 9 %. Conclusions. The conducted experimental work confirmed the effectiveness of the complex of pedagogical conditions and the model of mathematical competence formation of future mid-level specialists.
DEVELOPING THE STUDENTS’ MULTICULTURAL COMPETENCE AT THE DEPARTMENT OF PRIMARY EDUCATION
UDC: 371.3
Section: PEDAGOGICS
Authors: Ilgiz M. Sinagatullin; Guzal A. Valitova;
The modern world is becoming more and more multicultural, a process that, in turn, makes an impact on the whole spectrum of educational goals being realized in educational institutions of different types. These changes necessitate the organization of multicultural education and simultaneously necessitate the development of the growing generations’ multicultural competence. The multicultural society of Russia requires the educational institutions to take into consideration multicultural and language factors of corresponding socio-cultural regions in the education and upbringing of young people. The issues of multicultural education are being developed at the Department of Pedagogy and Methods of Pre-School and Primary Education of the Birsk Branch of the Bashkir State University. In the 2017–2018 academic year we conducted a research aimed at the theoretical justification and creation of pedagogical conditions that promote the effective development of the graduate students’ multicultural competence. Our hypothesis was based on the following assumption: the development of the students’ multicultural competence will be carried out more effectively if we infuse the educational process and, especially, pedagogical courses with multicultural content; include into the educational process a special course “Developing prospective primary teachers’ multicultural competence”; create a favorable educational and information environment and involve students in research activities on multicultural themes. The findings demonstrated a growth of the students’ multicultural knowledge base and personal qualities. The authors recorded a relatively high level of readiness of the prospective teachers to work with a multicultural group of pupils.
PRACTICE-ORIENTED TEACHING OF NATURAL SCIENCES BACHELORS AS A WAY TO FORM PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCIES
UDC: 378.147
Section: PEDAGOGICS
Authors: Victoriia S. Tugulchieva; Polina D. Vasilyeva;
Introduction. In the training of Natural Sciences bachelors at the University, a high dependence of the quality of students' training on the ability to apply mathematical knowledge in the development of specialized disciplines was revealed. The problem of practice-oriented teaching of mathematics is caused by the lack of students' ability to apply theoretical knowledge, the search for the optimal approach to ensuring the interrelation of the theoretical and practical components of mathematical education. Practice-oriented training requires reliance on theoretical knowledge, but the prevalence of theoretical knowledge in the educational process creates a high risk of training formalization. The purpose of the study is to identify the formation of Natural Sciences bachelors’ abilities to perform practice-oriented tasks, to identify the role of practice-oriented education as a way of professional competencies formation. Materials and methods. To achieve this goal, the levels of professional orientation of students according to the method of T. D. Dubovitskaya and the levels of bachelors’ mathematical knowledge during entrance knowledge testing using the model of V. P. Bespalko for assessment of learning outcomes were revealed. Results of the research. During the study, the high level of students’ professional orientation to the future profession is revealed, that allows us not to attribute the motivational and value attitudes of students to obstacles to mathematical competence formation. The results of mathematical knowledge testing showed that students coped with tasks of increased complexity (knowledge component), but a low percentage of practice-oriented tasks performance was shown. Conclusion. The results obtained determined the relevance of strengthening practiceoriented training through the introduction of practice-oriented tasks into the educational process. Practice-oriented maths education contributes to the achievement of students’ understanding of the essence of the mathematical concepts under study, requires further research and methodological developments.
FORMATION OF STUDENTS’ READINESS FOR COMPETITIVE ACTIVITY AT THE FACULTY OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION, SPORTS AND TOURISM
UDC: 796.09-057.875(470.343)
Section: PEDAGOGICS
Authors: Natal'ya V. Yambaeva;
The article deals with the nuances of preparing students of the Faculty of Physical Education, Sports and Tourism for competitive activities. Preparing students for professional activity is an important component of their growth as future specialists in the field of physical education and sports. The article focuses on general and special physical training, as an essential part of readiness for competitive activity. Introduction. To implement this concept, it is necessary to qualitatively change the structure, content and organizational forms of training future teachers in the field of physical education. Purpose: to determine and experimentally check the features of readiness formation for competitive activities of future teachers of physical education. Materials and methods. The empirical study was conducted on the basis of the Mari State University (Yoshkar-Ola) among students of the profiles: 44.03.05 Physical education (additional education); 44.03.01 Physical education. The study included: observation, testing with the use of methods of technical training analysis, as well as general and special physical fitness, conversations with students and young teachers of secondary schools of the city of Yoshkar-Ola; theoretical research consisted of the analysis of scientific and methodical literature, special sources of both domestic and foreign authors. Results of research, discussion. The research work was carried out by the author on the basis of the Mari State University. All work, including experimental research, was conducted with full-time bachelor students of the Faculty of Physical Education, Sports and Tourism. Conclusion. The study implemented not only an analytical review of theoretical and practical work on research issues, but also presented empirical research data on readiness formation for competitive activities of the future physical education teachers. An analysis of the results of general and special physical fitness was presented and students’ technical readiness indicators were also analyzed in the study.
THE MYTHOLOGICAL AND FOLKLORE CONTEXT OF A. PUDIN’S DRAMA “CORDON”
UDC: 821.511.152
Section: ФИЛОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
Authors: Yuriy G. Antonov;
Introduction. The subject of the study is mythological and folklore motives in A. Pudin’s drama «Cordon». Nowadays, the analysis of the mythological and folklore elements in works of art is relevant in Russian science. This analysis being aimed at revealing the artistic and aesthetic properties of literature, determines the ethnic specificity of Mordovian literature. The objective is to consider the multifaceted problem of the national myth interpretation through the author’s expression of the ethnic picture of the world. Materials and methods. The culturalhistorical method allows the author to trace the trends of the use of folklore and mythological elements at different stages of the Mordovian drama development and to describe the national myth specificity and its literary interpretation. The author also uses the contextual and cultural principles of the hermeneutic method to understand the ethnic (Mordovian) cultural and historical tradition in order to study the artistic and national features of the dramatic works, in which there is the author’s interpretation of the national myth. Mythopoetics makes it possible to identify analogies between artistic images and symbols, literary transformation of the national myth, and the author’s interpretation of the mythological image. Results of the study, discussion. The study makes it possible to clarify and update the genre-thematic and artistic-aesthetic boundaries of the contemporary Mordovian drama, closely related to the artistic development of the oral folk tradition and myth. The mythological and folklore element, as a significant component of the modern Mordovian drama, remains unstudied. The article proves that in the play “Cordon” A. Pudin uses elements of the national myth and folklore to expand the genre and aesthetic boundaries of the national drama. The playwright, creatively reinterpreting ethnic mythology and oral folklore, in his work artistically authentic shows the reality and characters. The conclusion. The analysis of A. Pudin’s drama “Cordon” allows revealing the patterns for the use of myth and oral folklore tradition in the Mordovian drama. Mythologism in the play is a component that unites both action and characters. The author shows the conflict of the play and its deep meaning through the interpretation of the national myth. The author’s interpretation of myth and folklore is a regular feature of Mordovian literature that contributes to the expansion of its artistic and aesthetic boundaries, and gives it an ethnic identity.
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF FRENCH AND RUSSIAN POSSESSIVE FORMS
UDC: 81-112.4
Section: ФИЛОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
Authors: Svetlana M. Davletshina;
Introduction. French and Russian possessive forms represent a group of words serving the purpose of reference and characterized by the semantic component of “possessiveness”. The analyses of possessive constructions “possessive + noun” from the point of view of their evolution gives the opportunity to characterize the owner’s personal sphere at each stage of society development. Thus, it is possible not only to register changes in terms of the expression of possessiveness, but also to track the evolution of attitudes towards property. Purpose: to conduct a comparative historical analysis of the evolution of the possessive forms of the French and Russian languages within the framework of the study of typologically different languages developed on the basis of synthetic ones, on the material of literary works of the XII-XIV centuries. Materials and methods: comparative historical analyses, contrastive analyses, componential analyses. Results, discussion. Diachronic analysis showed more significant transformations of French possessive forms: the modification of their appearance, the differentiation of stressed and unstressed forms and the determination of their place towards the noun took place. Russian possessive forms evolution concerned only the modification of their place towards the characterized noun. Such pervasive changes are conditioned by the evolution of the synthetic Latin into the analytic French, phonetic transformations and the shift to phrasal stress. Conclusion. According to the analyses of constructions “possessive + noun” from the Old Russian and the Old French literary works (The Song of Roland, Oeuvres complètes de Joachim du Bellay, The Song of Igor’s Campaign), depending on the left component semantics, this construction may characterize different relations, expanding the personal possessor’s area to the bounds of the universe. Both the Old French literary monument and the Old Russian have a tendency to pleonastic use of possessives. The Old Russian source abounds in reflexive possessive pronoun “svoy”.
PATRIOTISM AS AN IMAGE (PSYCHOLINGUISTIC ASPECT)
UDC: 81.23
Section: ФИЛОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
Authors: Oksana V. Kazachenko; Liliya A. Khamula;
Introduction. It is widely known that patriotism is one of the most important national values of many countries. Nowadays mass media and internet resources play a great role in shaping the image of this value, which, with the help of different non-verbal means convey a certain meaning, very often unconsciously supplementing the image of the phenomenon under study. It allows to construct the attitude of people to certain phenomena of their lives. Therefore, the purpose of the scientific paper is to analyze the explication of value of patriotism by non-verbal means in such countries as Russia, Great Britain, the USA and France. Materials and methods. The authors selected 40 images that illustrate the value of patriotism in the above-mentioned countries on the principle of frequency and system value. Further, the results were confirmed by the data of associative dictionaries. The main methods of research were: continuous sampling method, comparative method, qualitative and quantitative research methods. Results and discussion. In the analysis of images representing the value of patriotism in different cultures, universal features and similarities in some characteristics were noted which indicates the universality of the concept. Differences due to factors of ethnic identity were also identified. Conclusion. The image of patriotism manifests itself quite differentially in different countries due to traditions and customs adopted in specific countries, the historical path of their development and modern state policy. At the same time, in the visual representation of the value of patriotism, we can find some common components, such as the close interrelation of the analyzed images with the state symbols and territorial boundaries, the connection with space exploration, as well as the national and specific cultural features of certain countries. The authors prove that the images of patriotism embodied non-verbally in the images, reflect the specifics and structure of understanding the value of a particular state.
TRAVEL PROSE: GENRE, STYLE, DISCOURSE, NARRATIVE (RESULTS AND PROSPECTS OF STUDYING)
UDC: 82-1/-9
Section: ФИЛОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
Authors: Olga V. Kublitskaya;
Introduction: the article summarizes different actual approaches to travel prose study (genre, style, discourse, narrative). Purpose: systematization of key theoretical and methodological approaches to the study of travel prose: genre, style, discourse, narrative. Materials and methods: the research is based on analysis and synthesis, induction and deduction. Comparative, formal, structural and comparative-historical methods of textual analysis are also applied. Results, discussion: the basic approaches to literary analysis of travel prose (genre, style, discourse and narrative) are summarized. It is stated that the most appropriate concept to define the genre specifics of travel prose is metagenre. Style and discourse self-sufficiency of the phenomenon as well as the importance of the system of narrative instances are recognized. Genre approach is taken as the most representative (but not exhaustive) method. Inability to use common terminology is stated. The use of the concept of travelogeme, a structural-semantic model of travel prose, is taken as the way to develop advanced instrumentation for its analysis. Conclusion: convergent conception of travelogeme is considered to be one of the productive approaches to the travel prose study.
PRINT MEDIA OF THE GERMAN ARMED FORCES (BUNDESWEHR)
UDC: 82.02/.09
Section: ФИЛОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
Authors: Evelina G. Mkhitariants; Vladimir G. Gaposhin;
Introduction. Work in the information space today is one of the main activity areas of the Armed Forces of any country. The Armed Forces of the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundeswehr) are no exception in this respect. They issue a number of printed publications dedicated to vital matters of the army operation. Objective. In this article an attempt was made to develop an idea of the place and role of the print media in the context of the political and awareness-raising work carried out by Bundeswehr. Materials and Methods. The main print media issued by the German Armed Forces, namely “Y” and “Bundeswehr Aktuell”, are considered in this article with simultaneous addressing the other periodicals associated with the Armed Forces of the Federal Republic of Germany. Content analysis, style measurement, quantitative estimation, and comparative analysis methods formed the methodological basis of this study. Results of the Study, Discussions. The correlation between the ideological orientation of Bundeswehr’s print media and the “Innere Führung” (Internal Guidance) concept, being the main military doctrine of the German army, is shown in the article. After analyzing the subject matter and the structure of these magazines, their design, stylistic, linguistic and pragmatic, as well as social and cultural specifics, a conclusion was drawn that Bundeswehr’s print media follow the trends of the modern information space. The scientific novelty of this paper is in studying the Bundeswehr’s print media in their direct relation with the democratization process of the Armed Forces in the post-war Germany. Conclusion. While the main mission of Bundeswehr’s print media is providing the Armed Forces personnel with political information, they also perform a number of other functions, such as education, assessment and recreation. The combination of various topical sections within these periodicals allows speaking of their democratic orientation targeting the general public.
CONTEXTUAL POETICS OF LITERARY WORK AS A SUBJECT OF PHILOLOGICAL ANALYSIS
UDC: 82.02/.09
Section: ФИЛОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
Authors: Natal'ya N. Starygina;
The article contains an analytical review of the main ideas and concepts of such a phenomenon as context. Based on understanding of the context as part of a literary text and considering the context in the paradigm “content - form”, the author of the article distinguishes between the concepts “contextual content” and “contextual poetics”. When studying contextual poetics, it is necessary to implement a systematic approach, the criteria basis of which is the way of presenting contextual content. Contextual poetics is considered as a three-level system, the first level of which is formed by techniques by which the means of contextual poetics (citation, naming, symbolization, systematization, etc.) are updated, the second level is formed from the means of presenting contextual content (concept, symbol, quotation, etc.), the third (highest) level is a form of representation of contextual content (intertext, sphere of concepts, supertext, author's vital text, etc.). The systematization of the forms of contextual content representation allows us to define the author's contextual paradigm, to characterize the contextual competence of the writer. It is necessary to take into account the role of the reader (researcher), his contextual susceptibility, as well as methods and techniques of modeling contextual behavior of the reader by the creator of the literary text. The article outlines the perspectives for studying the poetics of a literary work and the writer's work as a whole when implementing the proposed approach, the task is to develop adequate methods for studying contextual poetics and contextual content.
THE PLOT “THE MAGICIAN AND HIS PUPIL” (NO. 325 OF THE COMPARATIVE INDEX OF PLOTS) IN THE RUSSIAN FAIRY TALE
UDC: 398
Section: ФИЛОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
Authors: Anna O. Troshkova;
The plot “The magician and his pupil” (no. 325 of the comparative index of plots) (ATU 325) can be considered one of the most widespread in world culture and in the Russian tradition. It is represented by numerous variants not only in Russia, but also abroad that give the researcher a clear idea of its origin and wide geographical distribution. The plot, which attracted the attention of foreign researchers (W. Clouston, J. Zipes) developed for a long time before appearing before us in its final version. At present, it is represented by 54 published versions in the Russian folktale tradition, five of which were not included in the “East Slavic fairy tale” comparative index of plots. The purpose of this study is to present a comparative-typological analysis of Russian fairy tales, which are based on the plot of «The magician and his pupil» (ATU 325), to consider its peculiarities in the Russian folktale tradition. The material of the research was 54 versions of Russian fairy tales of ATU 325, 49 of which were included in the “East Slavic fairy tale” comparative index of plots. In the course of studying the plot of ATU 325 the comparative-typological method was used. Thus, the study revealed differences in the plot-composition structure of its variants, showed cases of the coherent implementation of its motifs in 32 texts, marked the cases of its contamination with other plots and popular motifs that are not included in the comparative index of plots “East Slavic fairy tales” (325 + 671; 325 + 400 + 329; 325 + 519; 313A + 325; 313V + 325; 325 + 1525А; 325 + 400). The study also identified cases of wrong attribution of six texts to ATU 325.
SYNTHESIS OF FICTION AND DOCUMENTARY IN THE STORY “FLYING OVER THE ICEˮ BY B. PORFIRYEV
UDC: 82-312
Section: ФИЛОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
Authors: Ming Feng;
Introduction. The literature on sports and athletes of the twentieth century is still insufficiently studied. Often, in the literature on sports, there is an integration of documentary and artistic beginnings, since the writer, relying on sports facts and memories, creates the artistic world of sports. In recent decades, scientists have addressed the problem of synthesizing documentary and artistic in various thematic and genre formations; however, the nature of fiction and documentary prose is still quite difficult to determine. The object of the study is the fiction and documentary prose on sports and athletes by the Kirov writer B. Porfiryev. The subject of the study is the content and genre originality, as well as the synthesis of the documentary and fiction prose in the story of B. Porfiryev “Flying over the ice”. The purpose of this article is to study the nature of the synthesis of fiction and documentary prose in the story of B. Porfiryev “Flying over the ice”, identifying the possibilities of various techniques in reflecting the author's intention on the basis of documented biographical facts. “Flying over the ice. The story of Maria Isakova” as a synthetic genre formation, which determined the features of the artistic manner of the Kirov writer. Materials and methods. The main research material is the story “Flying over the ice. The story of Maria Isakova”, which was published in 1966 in the Volga-Vyatka book publishing house. This is a fiction and documentary prose with the dominant documentary beginning on speed skating and the famous speed skater M. Isakova. The author used the following methods and approaches: biographical, suggesting the interpretation of the work as a reflection of Isakova's biographical and personal characteristics, problem-thematic and comparative. Conclusion. The analysis showed that “Flying over the ice. The story of Maria Isakova” is a synthetic genre formation, which organically combines artistic and documentary beginnings. These aspects determine the features of the artistic manner of the Kirov writer B. Porfiryev. He uses the documentary facts from Maria Isakova’s life and seamlessly weaves it into the created artistic world of the story. The writer also depicts large-scale historical events of the sports life of Vyatka and the whole country.
SPECIFICS OF THE SICILIAN DIALECT USE IN MODERN FICTION
UDC: 811.131
Section: ФИЛОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
Authors: Elena O. Shapovalova;
Introduction. In the article the specifics of the Sicilian dialect use in modern fiction, its function and the sphere of use are studied. The research identifies the main spheres of use of the Sicilian dialect in works of fiction: in the speech of characters, in set expressions, proverbs and sayings, in names of regional dishes, etc. Purpose: to study the characteristics of the Sicilian dialect in fiction as well as the reasons for the use of this dialect in the considered sources. Materials and methods. The descriptive method is applied to study the social functioning of the language, to describe and analyze the elements and parts of the working “language mechanism” – a detailed and precise characterization of phonemes, morphemes, words, grammatical categories, forms, etc. The comparative method is aimed at the work of the language structure, has the main objective to knowing the similarities and differences in the structure of the literary language and dialect. The technique of the lexicographic description includes observation of words in various contexts of their application, correlation of words with each other and with realities for differentiation of values. The technique of special sampling is used when collecting empirical material. Units relating to the Sicilian dialect were chosen. Results, discussion. In modern literary works the author, using a dialect, tries to keep the national linguistic specifics of the region, to immerse the reader in the atmosphere of the place where the story unfolds. The readers who do not even speak a particular dialect should be imbued with the flavor and identity of the described region. Conclusion. The conducted research showed that, despite the spread of mass media in literary national language, in the regions of modern Italy the problem of preservation and use of dialects is still relevant.
REVIEW OF G. G. BAGAUTDINOVA'S MONOGRAPH “ART AND ARTIST IN THE NOVELS BY I. A. GONCHAROV”, MARI STATE UNIVERSITY, YOSHKAR-OLA, 2018, P. 182
UDC:
Section: REVIEWS
Authors: Татьяна Аркадьевна Золотова;
Редакционно-издательским центром и отделом оперативной полиграфии ФГБОУ ВО «Марий- ский государственный университет» в 2018 году подготовлена и опубликована новая монография доцента кафедры русского языка, литературы и журналистики Г. Г. Багаутдиновой «Искусство и художник в творчестве И. А. Гончарова». Необходимо отметить, что это уже не первая книга Гульзады Гадульяновны, посвященная творчеству замечательного русского писателя И. А. Гончарова. Ее статьи и исследования (а их уже более трех десятков) с удовольствием прини- мают и издают в научных центрах, специализиру- ющихся на изучении наследия Ивана Гончарова как в нашей стране (Москва, Санкт-Петербург, Ульяновск), так и за рубежом (Сомбатхей).
PEDAGOGICAL HERITAGE OF VIKTOR KONSTANTINOVICH SMYSHLYAEV (1928−1985)
UDC:
Section:
Authors: Марина Викторовна Бородина; Елена Рашидовна Мансурова; Ирина Николаевна Сергеева;
Представляемая работа приурочена к юбилею Виктора Константиновича Смышляева, первого профессора физико-математического факультета Марийского государственного педагогического ин- ститута. Вся педагогическая и творческая деятель- ность Виктора Константиновича была направлена на повышение уровня образования, подготовку педагогических кадров, пронизана решением про- блемы формирования и развития интереса к мате- матике, развития творческих способностей уча- щихся, повышения их математической культуры.