- VESTNIK 4(32) 2018
- Date publication on the site:
- 2018-12-17 14:06:56
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RESEARCH WORK OF PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITY STUDENTS
Authors: Svetlana A. Arefeva; Olesya V. Arefeva;
The purpose of this article is to substantiate the importance of research work in the professional training of future teachers, to reveal the main directions of students’ research, to offer methodological materials for correct understanding and adequate description of the scientific apparatus of course and final qualification works. The introduction reveals the goals and tasks of students’ research work at a pedagogical university; describes the main types of students’ research, principles, methods and approaches to its organization. The main part offers materials to help students in their research. The methods of scientific re-search (theoretical, empirical, mathematical) are revealed, with which it is necessary to familiarize students for the successful implementation of their research work. Particular attention is paid to the scientific apparatus of research, the content of concepts: relevance, object and subject of research, the problem of research, the purpose and objectives of the study, the hypothesis, scientific novelty, theoretical and practical significance, etc. To help students, samples of the description of the scientific appa-ratus of the research are offered, examples of the use of language means are given, with the help of which the content of scientific concepts used in course and final qualification works on topical problems of pedagogy is revealed. The results of the research were approved in the educational process of the Mari State University, reflected in the author's publications, reported at international and all-Russian scientific and practical conferences and seminars. The article provides information about the testing and implementation of research results. The conclusion of the article contains conclusions on the results of the study as a whole, the directions for enhancing the research work of students of a pedagogical university are outlined.
ETHNIC SELF-AWARENESS OF STUDENT’S PERSONALITY AS AN INDICATOR OF HIS ETHNO-CULTURAL COMPETENCE FORMATION
Authors: Natal'ya G. Arzamastseva; Valentina V. Konstantinova;
Modern Russia is a multinational state, in this regard special attention is paid to the problems of multicultural education, interethnic relations, ethno-cultural competence of the individual. At present, our society faces a serious task of training future teachers, with ethno-cultural knowledge and skills, understanding the peculiarities of the social environment in which they live, respecting the traditions, history and culture of the peoples inhabiting Russia. The aim of the research is to create and approbate the model of development of ethnic self-awareness of the student's personality in the process of studying at a university. The main research methods are: theoretical analysis of the literature on the problem of the research, analysis of the results of the Mari State University students’ survey. To date, the scientific community has not developed a single point of view on the essential characteristics of the concept of ethnic self-awareness. Summarizing the views of scientists, ethnic self-awareness is considered by us as part of ethnic consciousness, reflecting the perception and representation of individuals about themselves as representatives of their ethnic community. The development of ethnic self-awareness of the individual goes through several stages, the most active institutions of ethnic socialization become family, school, university. It should be noted that the ethnic self-awareness of the student's personality is considered by us as one of the indicators of the formation of his ethno-cultural competence. Ethno-cultural competence is defined as a necessary set of personal qualities of a teacher, which includes high professionalism, knowledge, skills and abilities, allowing free use of cultural means and objects in the ethno-cultural environment. The development of ethno-cultural self-awareness of the student's personality is now acquiring special significance in the activity of a modern teacher who must have an idea of the cultures and traditions of the peoples living in Russia; the place of national culture in the world historical and cultural process; know the features of a multi-ethnic educational environment; to be able to use the accumulated experience in the education and upbringing of the students' personality.
DIGITAL LEARNING ENVIRONMENT IN THE PROCESS OF TEACHING PRESCHOOLERS RUSSIAN AS A SECOND LANGUAGE
Authors: Alsu Kh. Vafina; Gulnara V. Sadykova; Albina R. Kayumova;
Introduction. The article presents the main results of the experimental integration of the digital learning environment “Online school ‘Living fairytales’ aimed at Russian language learners aged 3–5” into the curriculum of pre-school educational institutions of the Republic of Tatarstan. This digital resource was created by a team of scientists of the Kazan Federal University with the financial support of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation as a part of federal target program “Russian Language” for 2016–2020. Purpose. The purpose of this article is to present the results of the experiment on the integration of the digital learning product “online Russian language school ‘Living fairy tales’ (Zhyvyje Skazky)”, into the curriculum of pre-school educational institutions of the Republic of Tatarstan. Results and discussion. The authors of the project prove the high educa-tional potential of this digital product in the implementation of modern teaching concept based on the three-part partnership “child-teacher-digital learning program”. A distinctive feature of the integrated project is its practical orientation, which creates a high motivation for preschool children aged three to five years in mastering the Russian language as the main means of intercultur-al communication. The virtual learning environmentimitates the natural needs of a preschool child: focus on the game, competitive-ness in the process of obtaining knowledge, brightness, colorfulness, visibility, interactive presentation of the material. The clear structuring of content blocks, thematic conditionality, the correspondence of the developed tasks to the individual needs of the trainee make this digital product universal in use not only for group practicing, but also for individual classes with pupils. Conclusion. The results of the experiment are intended to contribute to the successful modernization of the system of modern pre-school education by introducing high-tech products into the process of teaching Russian as a uniting tool in the formation of general cultural competences in the multilingual regions of Russia, as well as promoting the Russian language as the main communication tool for children living abroad and who need positive socialization through the integration into Russian-language communication.
THE ROLE OF INTERNATIONAL PROJECTS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF MOTIVATION TO LEARNING FOREIGN LANGUAGES
Authors: Svetlana V. Vladimirova;
The aim of the article is to examine the role of international projects in the development of motivation to learning foreign languages. The accession of Russian universities to the European educational space has expanded the opportunities for students to participate in academic mobility, competitions for grants for studying, research work, working abroad, implemen-tation of cooperative research programs and projects. The implementation of these activities requires fluency in a foreign language in professional and daily activities. Knowledge of foreign languages is the key to success and competitiveness of a modern man in the labor market. The article notes insufficient attention and misunderstanding of the importance of studying this academic discipline by many students of non-linguistic specialties. The reasons are the lack of connection with the studied profession and the possibility of practical application, insufficient knowledge, which leads to a decrease or complete loss of interest. The article presents the factors that determine the motivation to learn a foreign language, describes the activities to develop it. The author considers participation in international projects as an effective means of maintaining interest in the study of foreign languages. As an example, the cooperated implementation of the international grant “Germany – Ugra: bridge of friendship” by teachers and students of the Ugra State University is given. The results of the empirical research confirm the effectiveness of the measures taken.
INTERACTIVE METHODS AND FORMS OF TEACHING THE DISCIPLINE “PHILOSOPHY AND METHODOLOGY OF SCIENCE” AT THE UNIVERSITY
Authors: Irina A. Dedova;
The article deals with the methods of teaching the discipline “Philosophy and methodology of science”, which is part of the master's program of higher education. The choice of this topic is due to the complexity of the subject, containing a large number of concepts and categories, various philosophical concepts and scientific theories, as well as the specifics of this cat-egory of students, many of whom are already established specialists. The aim of the work is to identify the most effective forms of teaching. Materials and methods of research were: author's experience of teaching and its system analysis; expe-rience of conducting classes in schools, adapted for teaching students; comparison and analogy; theoretical modeling of learning situations. The results of the study showed the effectiveness of forms of interactive learning. The content of the article includes: explanation of some methodological techniques to involve students in various forms of cognitive activity; description of the organization of student independent work; explanation of the main substantive aspects of the academic subject, which should be paid attention to when presenting the material at lectures and seminars. Interactive learning involves not only the teacher's dialogue with students, but also students with each other, joint discussion of problems, modeling of specific situations. Since the course content is associated with the understanding of the nature and structure of scientific knowledge, in the process of interactive learning a double reflection is carried out– the analysis of cognitive activity as it is and the students’ awareness of their own mental activity. The article shows the relationship between the educational material and the ways of forming interest and independent thinking in students. Further discussion will be held on such means of enhancing mental activity as the use of reference schemes and additional material, discussions and game forms of training. Interactive forms of training allow you to effectively master the course of philosophy and methodology of science and apply knowledge and skills in further research and professional activities.
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF STRENGTH TRAINING IN THE FORMATION OF A HEALTHY LIFESTYLE OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS
Authors: Ivan I. Kochetkov;
The article presents the results of research on the application of methods of strength training at physical education lessons among students of the Pedagogical Institute of MarSU. The relevance of the research topic is due to the fact that adherence to a “healthy lifestyle” is of particular importance for university students, because they have not yet formed behavioral ste-reotypes and the concept of physical education, in many ways, remains at the level of school ideas. There is a need to in-crease the level of motivation of students to regular physical training for which it is necessary to apply modern methods of training, including strength training. Programs of physical training with students on the basis of strength training require veri-fication of effectiveness and become an urgent task of the teacher to achieve this goal. The purpose of the research is to study the effectiveness of the use of strength training in the formation of a “healthy lifestyle” among university students. This is particularly important for the creation of behavioral stereotypes in the field of physical training. The research methods were: analysis of literary sources on the studied problem, the development of methods of strength training to maintain a healthy lifestyle and improve overall physical fitness. To assess the results of the experiments, the methods of assessing the strength and stamina of students of the Faculty of Foreign Languages were used. During the academic year, an experiment was conducted to study the effect of strength training on students’ strength and stamina indicators. Classes were held 3 times a week for 90 minutes throughout the whole academic year. It was found that students engaged in strength training at physical education lessons, significantly increased their muscle strength and stamina, they have also increased their lung capacity. The conclusions about the effectiveness of the use of strength training for students to form their concept of “healthy lifestyle” were made.
WORK IN THE EDITORIAL BOARD OF A SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL AS AN INDICATOR OF THE PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE OF A UNIVERSITY TEACHER
Authors: Ol'ga S. Krylova; Dmitrii A. Krylov;
The actual problem of the work of the editorial board of a scientific journal modified due to changes in the field of scientific periodi-cals in Russia is considered. Purpose: to analyze the modern functionality of a member of the editorial board of a modern scientific journal taking into account such a new component of his professional activity as publishing competence. Research methods: theoretical and methodological analysis, systematization and generalization of the data of psychological and pedagogical, scientific and methodo-logical and legal literature on the studied problem. The reliability and validity of the research results is provided by the scientific argu-mentation of the initial theoretical positions and conclusions, based on the data of modern psychological and pedagogical science; using a set of interrelated theoretical research methods corresponding to the subject of the study and the tasks. Research results, discussion. The work of editorial boards is considered on the example of three scientific journals of the Mari State University. The importance of re-viewing – a qualitative expert evaluation of the submitted manuscripts, which is the main indicator of a modern scientific journal, is un-derlined. Particular attention is paid to the need to form the publication competence of university teachers as an indicator of the quality of scientific work and, in general, a comprehensive indicator of high qualification and professional competence, productivity of pedagogi-cal and scientific work, developed creative initiative of a university teacher. The definition of publication competence is formulated as an integrative personality trait that characterizes a person’s ability and readiness to possess knowledge, skills and abilities in preparing a sci-entific publication and further promotion of research in order to promote the development of the information base of science and higher education in Russia. The structural components of the publishing competence of a university teacher are defined, through the develop-ment of which the process and the result of its formation are most clearly seen: motivational, cognitive and activity components.
SPEECH CULTURE AND BUSINESS COMMUNICATION: THE USE OF INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES FOR PROFESSIONAL COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE FORMATION OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS
Authors: Natalia M. Lazareva;
Introduction. An urgent problem of linguistic didactics of higher education is to create an effective methodology that forms future specialist’s professional communicative competence in the framework of the university training. Purpose. An integrat-ed approach implementation through the use of such innovative technologies as interactive teaching methods and an inte-grated interdisciplinary approach allows to expand the educational field of the discipline “Speech Culture and Business Communication” and to form professionally significant students’ competences in linguistic training at the university. Materials and methods. The communicative approach based on activity is aimed at improving students’ linguistic and com-municative competence, as well as on the “linguistic feeling”. This complex approach implementation is possible through students’ speech skills development on a specially selected professional didactic material in a specially modeled speech situation which brings students closer to the speech situation possible in their future professional activities. The article deals with practical application of such methods and forms of work as linguistic text analysis, business game, case technologies, reflection, train-ing technologies (business communication training, personal development, communication skills, training gestures), etc. Results, discussion. Integrative interdisciplinary approach in combination with interactive forms and methods in teaching help to reveal the students’ creative potential and creative thinking, which is a necessary condition for the improvement of profes-sional competencies. Conclusion. Interactive communication training is an important component of the future specialist’s professional chart. The ability to succeed in the situation of professional communication, to determine the communicative strategy and to form communicative tactics of speech behavior, to be flexible in communicative techniques and to achieve the predicted result are the foundations of communicative knowledge and skills that are so necessary for a professional.
TRAINING SELF-REGULATION SKILLS AS A FACTOR IN INCREASING THE ADAPTIVE CAPACITY OF PERSONS RESIDING IN A NURSING HOME
Authors: Eleonora A. Loskutova;
Introduction. The attention of modern pedagogical science to almost all age groups, including persons of elderly and senile age, makes it relevant to search for ways to optimize their livelihoods through training. Training the skills of self-regulation of persons of this age group should contribute to the harmonization of their emotional sphere and general well-being. This is important, especially in stressful situations associated with profound life changes occurring in connection with placement in a nursing home. Objective: theoretical and practical study of the problems of training self-regulation skills to enhance adaptive capacities of persons residing in a nursing home. Materials and methods. The basis of the study is an analytical re-view of theoretical sources on the problem of self-regulation training as a factor of increasing the adaptive capacity of per-sons residing in a nursing home, an empirical study of the level of psycho-social adaptation of persons living in a nursing home, pedagogical experiment. The results of the study, discussion. The range of problems associated with the training of self-regulation in order to increase the adaptive capacity of persons residing in a nursing home was identified, the effec-tiveness of the conducted training was empirically confirmed. Conclusion. The study implemented not only analytical review of theoretical and practical works on the stated problem, but also presented empirical research data on the level of psycho-social adaptation of persons living in the nursing home, and statistically confirmed the positive impact on it of conducted training of these peoples of self-regulation skills.
FORMATION OF ADOLESCENTS’ ENVIRONMENTAL CULTURE BY MEANS OF SOCIAL AND CULTURAL ACTIVITIES
Authors: Natal'ya V. Molchanova;
Introduction. The current situation not only in Russia, but throughout the world requires an increase in the level of environmental culture of the younger generation. In this regard, attention to theoretical and empirical problems of environmental education has recently increased. The contradiction between the need of society in a personality with a highly developed level of formation of envi-ronmental feelings and attitudes, and insufficient theoretical and practical development of the question of aesthetic education of chil-dren in cultural and recreational activities, determined the problem of this study: identification of optimal pedagogical and socio-cultural conditions that contribute to environmental education of children through cultural and recreational activities. The novelty of the study is due to the need for an integrated approach in the field of environmental education of the younger generation, as well as the complex interaction of all social institutions. Purpose: to identify pedagogical and socio-cultural activities of cultural and recreational facilities, optimizing the educational process and aimed at the formation of the environmental consciousness of the younger generation. Materials and methods. In the process of work the following methods were used: analysis of psychological and pedagogical, methodical and special literature on the problem under study; methods of questionnaire, study of pedagogical experience, observation, analysis of children's activities, conversation; pedagogical experiment, projec-tive techniques, statistical methods of data processing, as well as experimental work, which takes place in three stages: ascer-taining, forming, control. Results, discussion. In the system of pedagogical process, environmental education of the younger generation occupies one of the leading places, as it represents the area of axiology, which affects children in different ways: it develops intellectually and forms significant spiritual and moral qualities of the individual, as well as General cultural development of the individual. There is a need for systematic and progressive work in this direction. Conclusion. Social and cultural activities make it possible in a free and relaxed manner to create conditions for the development of a harmonious personality, the formation of an individual’s invironmental culture and the introduction to cultural heritage, as well as trans-form social experience, creative activity, emotional and value relationships into a developed personality.
COMPETENCE APPROACH AS A WAY OF MODERNIZATION OF THE EDUCATION SYSTEM
Authors: Dina A. Semenova;
Introduction. The introduction of federal state educational standards in the educational process of higher education contrib-utes to the establishment of correspondence between the quality of bachelor's training and the labor market requirements, in which the training of a competent professional, who is able to adapt to changes in the modern production process as quickly as possible, comes first. Particular attention is paid to the fact that the methods of teaching should match the trends of the present time, in which the use of information technologies becomes a necessity aimed at realizing the educational tasks of the modern learning process, so the trainee must have information competence. Purpose: identification of the need to develop information competence of students in the modernization of the educational process. Materials and methods. The competence approach is based on the graduate model implemented by the Federal State Educational Standard of Higher Education, in which not only the formation of competences of professional activity, but also the realization of the personal qualities of the future specialist plays an important role. As a result of mastering the bachelor's program, the graduate should have gen-eral cultural, general professional and professional competences. After analyzing the Federal Educational Standards in differ-ent bachelors’ training programs for the availability of competences formed by means of informatics and information and communication technologies, we can talk about their presence in any program of training. Results, discussion. Competences, formed by means of informatics and information and communication technologies, in one form or another, identified in each program of training, since this is due to the fact that one of the tasks of the universities is the task of preparing the graduate for life and work in the information society. Conclusion. The introduction of Educational Standard and the trends of modern soci-ety put before the educational organization the task of training a specialist with a certain set of competences, including a significant number of competences formed by means of informatics and information and communication technologies. That is, the gradu-ate must have information competence.
ELECTRONIC EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT OF HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION: INTERPRETATIVE AND CONTENT ANALYSIS
Authors: Vera I. Toktarova; Svetlana N. Fedorova;
Introduction. The article highlights the importance of further informatization of the system of higher education, considers the main approaches to the definition of the concept “electronic educational environment (EEE) of higher education institution”. Purpose of the article.To reveal and characterize the electronic educational environment of higher education institution in accordance with the requirements of the Federal State Educational Standards of Higher Education. Materials and methods. The research materi-als were normative documents, scientific articles and thesis works regarding the issues of introducing and applying the term “electronic educational environment”. In the process of theoretical analysis, methods of comparison, classification, systema-tization and generalization were used. Results of the research. It was concluded that the requirements of the State to the informatization of education, including higher education, are quite serious. At the same time, the existing traditional educa-tional system with fragmented and unsystematized application of EEE means does not cope with the imposed modern requirements. The results of the analysis, the revealed peculiarities and requirements were taken into account in the design and development of the electronic educational environment at the Chair of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science at the Mari State University. Conclusion. The peculiarity of the developed electronic educational environment is the arrangement of the learning process in the form of non-linear interaction of its subjects, as well as providing multivariate ways of learning development, which implies a change in the model of the educational process from linear to nonlinear: the implementation of flexible individual trajectories on the basis of a differentiated approach. Such adaptation of the learning process to the personal characteristics of students contributes to the creation of favorable conditions that allow to realise the opportunities of each student in accordance with his individual abilities and psychological and physiological qualities; it also contributes to personal intellectual fulfilment.
FEATURES OF ANALYTICAL SUPPORT OF INNOVATION AND EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITIES IN THE FIELD OF TECHNOLOGICAL DESIGN IN THE UNIVERSITY
Authors: El'mira R. Khairullina; Aziza S. Iksanova;
The number of innovations in the field of education is constantly growing, but there is no reliable information about their im-pact on the quality of higher education. Purpose: to identify the features of analytical support of innovation and educational activities in the field of technological design in higher education. This article describes the features and algorithm of quality information and analytical support of innovation and educational activities in the university. Developing the technology of high-quality information and analytical support of innovation and educational activities in higher education institutions, we relied on the system, synergetic cybernetics and an approach of assessing the quality and environment. The presented tech-nology includes the following stages: analytical, design, testing, evaluation and implementation stages. Conclusions. An ex-pert opinion on the implementation of the developed plan of innovation and educational activities and the degree of goal achievement for the development of innovative and educational activities of the university is given. Compliance with all stages of the presented technology provides a systematic presentation, target orientation, availability of resources and produc-tivity of innovative and educational activities, which can significantly improve its quality. Implementation contributes to the improvement of the quality of innovation and educational activities, the development of innovative processes in higher edu-cation and is applicable in various not only higher education institutions, but also in secondary vocational schools.
CONDITIONS OF SPIRITUAL AND MORAL EDUCATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENT'S YOUTH (ON THE EXAMPLE OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE GRANT PROJECT “WITH GOOD DEEDS BY ORTHODOX PATHS!”)
Authors: Natalya N. Chaldyshkina; Svetlana V. Korablyova;
The purpose of this article is to reveal and characterize the conditions of spiritual and moral education and development / improvement of student's youth in the course of their vocational training in higher education institution. Based on the analysis and generalization of theoretical and practical research, the conditions of spiritual and moral education and development / improvement of students are defined – integration of efforts of representatives of the secular and religious organizations, social partnership, the activity of the Orthodox Youth Club “While the candle burns” of the Mari State University, participa-tion in project activities. The novelty of the study is the consideration of implementation of the grant project “With good deeds by Orthodox paths!” as an important condition of spiritual and moral education and development of students in the religious direction in the sphere of socially responsible tourism. The article describes the development and approbation of the educational web-quest «Orthodox routes – for youth of the Republic of Mari El» among the participants of the target group and beneficiaries of the project – disabled persons with reduced mobility. The analytical component in the article is presented by the diagnostic data on the value orientations of the target group participants, the conclusions on the implementation of the grant project, indicating a positive trend in the studied indicators, especially in such key criteria for our research, as: “Spiritual bond”, “Love”, “Help and mercy to other people” are introduced. In general, participation in the grant project promoted increase in interest of youth in socially responsible tourism along Orthodox routes (paths), familiarization of young people with Holy places, Saints and shrines of Orthodox culture, education of love for the Motherland and native land, formation of aspiration to spiritual and moral development and improvement, deepening of ideas about Orthodox culture.
STRESS-MANAGEMENT IN THE LIFE OF A STUDENT AS A SUBJECT OF EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY
Authors: Tatiana N. Golovanova; Svetlana V. Bakhtina; Svetlana N. Andreeva;
Introduction. Recently, both abroad and in our country, there has been a significant increase in interest in anxiety, emotional tension and stress. Although many studies of the above problems have been carried out, the specificity of the stress of certain popula-tion groups has not been sufficiently studied. The article is devoted to the study of stress manifestations in students of different spe-cialties and directions. Stress related to emotional phenomena of the psyche, signals about tense, possibly, conflict situations in the development of the personality, which are reflected in the form of certain manifestation in activities in general and in educational activities, in particular. The research hypothesis is based on the assumption that the features of stress development depend both on the characteristics of the individual and on the characteristics of the social situation of development (learning activity). The purpose of the study is to examine the peculiarities of stress manifestation in the student age. Materials and methods. To achieve this goal, both empirical and statistical methods of data analysis were used. The study sample consisted of 60 students of higher educational institutions of Yoshkar-Ola, of different specialties and directions. Results of the study, discussion. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of group profiles allowed to state the presence of statistically significant difference(p< 0,01) in the peculiari-ties of stress manifestation in students of the humanities and natural sciences. It is noted that stress is manifested mainly at the psychological level, but biological signs of stress manifestation in most students are present in small quantities. Thus, analysis of the results showed that there were no significant differences in the description of the causes of stress among the students, but differences in its manifestations and in the methods of stress relief, depending on the profile of the faculty, were revealed. Conclusion. Thus, data indicating that the main reasons of stress among students are: inability to properly manage limited finances, to properly organize their daily routine and fear of the future were obtained, and stress manifests in sensitivity, inability to get rid of extraneous thoughts, bad sleep and a sense of constant lack of time.
PSYCHOLOGICAL READINESS OF TEACHERS FOR PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES IN THE CONDITIONS OF INCLUSION: THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS OF THE CONCEPT
Authors: Olga V. Danilova;
Introduction. The article gives an overview of scientific works devoted to the problem of teachers 'readiness for professional activity: the main approaches to the determination of readiness for activity in psychology, the notion of its structure are examined, the specificity of the teachers' psychological readiness fto work in conditions of introducing an inclusive approach in the modern education system is determined. The purpose of the study is to analyze the main theoretical and methodological aspects of the problem of the psychological readiness of teachers for professional activities in the context of the implementation of the national model of inclusive education. Materials and methods. the analysis of theoretical concepts about the essence and structural components of teachers' readiness for professional activity from the standpoint of various scientific approaches is presented, the specificity of the problem of psychological readiness of teachers for work in conditions of educational inclu-sion is examined. Results, discussion. The results of the theoretical analysis of scientific papers allow us to identify the main aspects of the problem of readiness for professional activity in psychology, to determine the specifics and structure of the psychological readiness of teachers to work in conditions of inclusion, to identify main problems of its formation in the course of professional training at the present stage. Conclusion. Theoretical analysis of scientific research of domestic psy-chology makes it possible to determine readiness for professional activity as the most important category of vocational train-ing, as well as to state that the problem of psychological readiness of teachers for professional activity in the framework of inclusive education and ways of its formation during professional training is insufficiently developed. It also reveals the need for changes in the system of higher education of future teachers, taking into account the reforms carried out by the state in the system of national education in connection with the introduction of an inclusive approach.
LINGUOPHENOMENON OF RHYME IN SACRED TEXTS OF FINNO-VOLGAIC LANGUAGES
Section: ФИЛОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
Authors: Marianna Yu. Anduganova;
This article is devoted to the rhyme, which is not only the object of literary analysis and poetics, but linguistics. The linguistics of rhyme on the material of Finnish oral traditions is not sufficiently studied at the moment. There are just random articles which are devoted to rhyme as an object of poetics and literary analysis. The subject of the study deals with some circum-stances of rhyme’s origin and development. It is necessary to raise some related problems, which are associated with the research topic, namely: the interpretation and meaning of the terms “sacred” and “sacred text” in the context of modern science; basic consepts of phonostylistics as a branch of Finno-Ugric linguistics; place of rhyme in the language and style of Finno-Volgaic sacred texts; nature and sources of rhyme in oral folk art of Finno-Volgaic ethnic groups. The Syntax of these languages is characterized by a strict and fixed word order of the sentences. Sacred texts are characterised by the sentences rather extended by secondary parts, it is one of the constructive preconditions to the building of natural rhyme. Phonological expressiveness of language is necessary not only for creation, saving and transferring words and information. It is an essential condition for the emergence and performance of oral folk art in order to preserve it and to transfer to future generations. This linguistic phenomenon serves as an instrument of aesthetic, emotional, spiritual, and psychological influence on the behavior and perception of the individual.
USE OF COMMON FINNO-UGRIC WORD FORMATIVE SUFFIXES OF NOUNS IN THE HUNGARIAN LANGUAGE
Section: ФИЛОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
Authors: Tatyana P. Ariskina; Ksenia A. Tareeva;
Introduction. The broadening of the vocabulary of any language is essential part of its development. Changes in science make it possible to consider many word formation processes from new perspectives, therefore their study is relevant today. The subject of the study is common Finno-Ugric word formative suffixes. The aim of the study is to identify and describe the semantics, origin and functioning of common Finno-Ugric word formative suffixes of nouns in the Hungarian language. Materials and methods. The following combination of methods was used during the analysis: comparative-historical and comparative methods. The study material was taken from the dictionary “Magyar-orosz szotar” = “Hungarian-Russian dictionary” by L. Galdi, P. Uzoni. Results, discussion. During the study it was revealed that the word formation system of nouns in the Hungarian language is very diverse. Most noun-forming suffixes are unproductive. Not all common word formative Finno-Ugric suffixes can form nouns in Hungarian, because some of them are very rare or outdated; there are suffixes that are a part of complex suffixes. Some suffixes have undergone changes, others have not changed their form, or have moved from a double indica-tor into a single version. Conclusion. Based on the analysis of the semantics, origin and functioning of common Finno-Ugric word formative suffixes of nouns in the Hungarian language, it can be concluded that a lot of common Finno-Ugric word formative suffixes of nouns has survived and they differ in semantics, degree of distribution and productivity.
FACTORS OF CREATING RHYTHMIC PROSE IN “SERVANTS OF THE OLD CENTURY” BY I. A. GONCHAROV
Section: ФИЛОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
Authors: Gul’zada G. Bagautdinova;
Introduction. For the rhythm emergence threefold repetition of one or another component of a literary text is necessary. The rhythm-forming principles in verse and prose are different, in poetic speech it is mainly meter, rhyme, stanza; the rhythm of fiction is more diverse and variable. There are several types of rhythmically organized prose: rhythm of fiction, “rhythmi-cal prose”, “ornamental prose”, metrized, rhymed prose. Purpose: to reveal some factors of rhythmic prose in “Servants of the old century” by I. A. Goncharov. Materials and methods. The main subject of the study is a short fiction of the writer. The research method is a typological one, which allows to reveal certain regularities of using artistic techniques in the writer's works. Results, discussion. The rhythmic organization of works by I. A. Goncharov is the least studied aspect of the poetics of the writer, to the study of which literary scholars turned only in the early 21st century. The scientific originality of the article is determined by the study of rhythm-forming factors in the prose cycle of “Servants of the old century” by I. A. Gon-charov. Conclusion. In “Servants of the old century” by I. A. Goncharov both rhythm-forming factors typical for his early works and new ones – different rhetorical figures of addition are discovered. The dominant rhythm-forming technique is anti-thetic parallelism and its variety – hiatus. The function of rhythm is not only to compositionally structure the text, but also to focus the reader's attention on the most important semantic fragments of the text.
SPEECH STRATEGIES IN TECHNICAL INTERPRETING (BASED ON MAINTENANCE INTERPRETER’S EXPERIENCE, IN A WELL SERVICE COMPANY)
Section: ФИЛОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
Authors: Natalia S. Gilmanova;
Introduction. In the modern conditions, a technical interpreter becomes one of the key figures in the production. Interpreter speech competence units study is becoming actual. Purpose: defining and classifying the English-Russian interpretations speech strategies used by technical interpreter. Materials and methods. Oral discourse served as the material for the re-search, performed by the method of discourse analysis. Results, discussion. Seven most common speech strategies are iden-tified: Preservation of process continuity is selecting the most accurate and concise equivalent; A capacious reduction is the cutting off of redundant elements of the message; Filling in the available gaps is a skillful perifrasis in case of ignorance of details, timely access to technical means (in the field – mobile Internet); Politeness, preservation of contact – cutting off the excessively emotional elements of discourse that do not carry semantic load; Control over the topic – the use of uniform de-signs and equivalents throughout the transfer situation; Transfer is an operation in which parts of the target language must have the source-language value. Conclusion. These materials can be used in teaching translation, in improving the skills of an interpreter, in practical studies in philology, translation, translation studies.
MODEL OF NEW “COSMOS” IN THE WORKS OF YOUNG RUSSIAN POETS
Section: ФИЛОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
Authors: Tatiana A. Zolotova; Natalia I. Efimova; Ekaterina A. Plotnikova;
One of the key features of the modern literary process is the creation of personal universes. While forming them, literary artists, including the already well-known beginners, turn to folklore and mythological ideas. The purpose of this article is an attempt to reveal the peculiarities of young (aged 35 and less) authors’ interpretation of the traditional (folk) worldview. The given paper deals with the works of Leta Yugay (Elena Fedorovna Yugay), the winner of the literary award Debut (2015). In her collection “Forget-the-River” (2015) the poetess reconstructs a unique artistic world that she got a glimpse of during her ethnographic expeditions. In most of the poems the author uses objective facts, realities, and ritual actions, but interprets them in her own way. Yugay manages to attach a very accurate name to the genre of her experiments – “poetic interviews”. As a result, the reader witnesses living dialogues between the writer and her characters, feels involved into adventures, admires weird, but at the same time charming characters, created by the author. The authors of the paper come to the concludion that the model of Yugay's new “cosmos”, no doubt, has a number of innovative features: it is not frozen, strictly limited by certain parameters and a set of characters static universe, but a living, sensual world, where the traditional opposition “ours” – “alien” has been overcome. An important component of Yugay’s universe is her attempt to set various forms of contact between man and representatives of other worlds, while the author herself, the mediator in the space of the worlds coexisting in her universe, acts as the keeper of the delicate balance of forses of nature and man.
THE PROBLEM OF MORAL CONFLICT IN MODERN CHUVASH DRAMA
Section: ФИЛОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
Authors: Irina Yu. Kirillova;
The end of the twentieth century in the history of the Chuvash people was marked by a number of social, political, cultural changes that had an impact on the development of the national drama. During this period, it was characterized by a multidi-rectional development and expansion of the ideological and thematic range. The central problem of contemporary literature is concerned with the relationships of a man and new society in a critical situation of a turning era. The article deals with mo-tives of socio-economic shock affecting family values and moral principles of modern society. Various text materials show the relevance of the conflict between society and the individual in a rapidly changing world. The works of famous Chuvash dramaturge Nikolay Ugarin are in the focus of attention. The purpose of the article is to explore the moral problem in con-temporary Chuvash drama on the material of N. Ugarin’s plays. And to analyze the nature of the moral conflict, most often manifested in interpersonal relationships, in the family and in society as a whole. The article analyzes the poetics of plays of contemporary Chuvash dramaturge N. Ugarin. The plays show the tragedy of a man, who has his share of severe trials of life. Based on the presented analysis the paper explores the characteristic features of heroes of the modern Chuvash drama. Thus, the ethical values are the central problem in modern drama. The main scientific conclusion of the article is that the moral ori-entation of the plays allows the dramaturges to actualize the moral and philosophical problems, to reach the level of moral and philosophical generalizations, to make the reader think about the decision of choice, the problem of morality and respon-sibility for one’s actions, the meaning of each person’s life.
CLICHÉS PSYCHOLINGUISTIC FUNCTIONS: TEXT FORMING AND EMOTION CREATING FACTOR OF TRANSLATION
Section: ФИЛОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
Authors: Marina V. Tolopilo;
This article is about cliché functions in psycholinguistics. Advanced popularity and necessity of this scientific area are dictat-ed by practical demands. Science development today is to be interdisciplinary and open to new knowledge though preserve traditions. A. A. Leontiev as one of the first native researcher in the area considered that psycholinguistics is intriguing by its application area. It is related to mass communication organization, objective linguistic manipulations both on crowd and person. Cliché from psycholinguistic point of view is dual and complex phenomenon. The article presents cliché and hackneyed phrase definitions as well as differences. The research studies points of view of I. R. Galperin, S. I. Ozhegov, D. E. Rosental, M. A. Telenkova, Y. E. Prokhorov, I. A. Sternin on cliché and hackneyed phrase. The work has examples from The UN Charter in English and Russian to demonstrate both psycholinguistic functions: text forming and emotion creating. It is explained that speech patterns mostly possess negative and evaluating nature and how this nature impacts the psycholinguistic functions. The article describes peculiarity of cliché implementation in diplomatic correspondence where clichés are called to make easier the whole process of information perception and to raise effectiveness and quality of the information. The nature of speech patterns in business communication, forecited phrases lexical distinctions in English and Russian languages are shown. The research demonstrates examples of grammatical peculiarities of certain clichés and their custom way of translation.
CONFLICT IN TERMS OF ITS MODELLING IN ENGLISH ECONOMIC MEDIA TEXTS
Section: ФИЛОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
Authors: Olesya A. Tremaskina;
Introduction. The article deals with the results of a study of the linguistic conflict modelling’s specifics in the English economic media discourse on the basis of a syntagmatic analysis. Morpho-syntactic and lexico-phraseological characteristics of the conflict are considered here. This fact confirms a typical model of the language reality reconstruction for this type of discourse. The purpose is to study the language means of verbalization and modelling of the concept “conflict” in the English economic press, using the method of syntagmatic description. Materials and methods. The study of the features of modelling on the morpho-syntactic and lexical levels is made on the basis of the English economic periodicals “The Financial Times” and “The Economist” published in 2017. The lexical embodiment of the conflict phenomenon is reflected in 55 media texts. In the process of research, a statistical method is used to establish the quantitative parameters of the studied phenomena and the method of a syntagmatic analysis. Results, discussion. Within the framework of the syntagmatic description of economic media texts, the tendency to use multi-element lexical compounds, a high degree of nominal syntagmatic and various linguis-tic-stylistic means of expressiveness are revealed. Conclusion. According to the study of English economic media texts, an important part in the modelling of the media text belongs to components that contribute to the realization of the influence function at the morpho-syntactic and lexical-phraseological levels.