VESTNIK 4(24) 2016

Title:
VESTNIK 4(24) 2016
Number:
24
Year:
2016
Date publication on the site:
2016-12-26 15:21:12
Full journal in PDF:
ANALYSIS OF THE ESSENCE OF THE CONCEPT “ELECTRONIC TEXTBOOK”
UDC: УДК 378:004
Section: PEDAGOGICS
Authors: Elena Jur'evna Balalaieva ;
The aim of the article is to analyze the essence of the concept “electronic textbook” in the dynamics of its development in the pedagogical theory and practice. Approaches to understanding of the concept “electronic book”, entered into use in the post-Soviet scientific continuum at the end of the 1990s, are characterized by large variability in determining its content and denotation. The range of opinions to its essence is quite wide and varies from identification with simple electronic analog of print edition to complex systems based on artificial intelligence. Problems of definition are caused by a relative novelty and complexity of the nature of the concepts, because there aren’t definite resolutions of scientific issues such as: place of electronic textbooks in the system of learning aids, theoretical foundations of design of their content and structure, distinctive features, didactic potential, functions in the learning process. Different approaches of contemporary researchers to understanding the essence of this concept are examined; its evolution from the pedagogical program means complementing traditional educational editions to self-learning multi-purpose tools are traced in the article. Based on analysis of popular definitions, the author proposed the definition of the electronic textbook as the electronic edition that reproduces in systematic form the content of the discipline in accordance with the approved standard curriculum and didactic requirements and couldn’t be transformed into printed edition without losing the didactic properties. At the same time, development and adoption of e-textbooks in teaching practice are in the process of dynamic development, therefore didactic meaning of this concept is constantly defined and concretized; so the question of definitions is still open.
STUDY OF THE DYNAMICS OF STUDENTS KEY COMPETENCES FORMATION IN THE COURSE OF TEACHING PRACTICE
UDC: УДК 378.38
Section: PEDAGOGICS
Authors: Valentina Viktorovna Bahtina ;
Vocational education in modern conditions is focused on training specialists with their profession and key competencies, ready for professional mobility. The article compares the interpretation of the notions “competence” and “competency”. The research presents the results of the study of the level of the key competences formation of students of the Mari State University of the speciality “Health and Safety”, and of the bachelor degree “Health and Safety and Law” with pedagogical direction. These competencies were acquired through teaching practice. The study analyzes the dynamics of the key competences by groups (training, information and learning, communication, organizational, socio-significant), by courses, by years of study. The test questionnaire consisting of 20 statements concerning the formation of the key competencies, self-assessment method, quantitative and qualitative analysis of the results, were used as research tools. It was found that above all the students evaluate the ability to work freely with electronic information, the ability to establish contact with the students and teachers, the ability to work in a team. The ability to use the technology of studying and generalization of pedagogical experience, the ability to select and apply methods of pedagogical research, the ability to speak in public are less formed. There were also identified the challenges the students faced during teaching practice. The study draws conclusions about the appropriateness of the competency approach in vocational education and problems of its realization.
ESSENCE, CONTENT AND STRUCTURE OF HEALTH-SAVING UNIVERSITY ENVIRONMENT
UDC: УДК 378.17
Section: PEDAGOGICS
Authors: Irina Sergeevna Zimina ; Svetlana Asanovna Mukhina ;
The article deals with the actual problem of the organization of a healthy lifestyle at an educational institution. Based on the theoretical analysis of the research problem, the incompleteness of pedagogical interpretation of the concepts of health-saving educational environment, health protection, health-saving activities is shown. Qualitative conditions of health-saving environment largely determine the efficiency and quality of the results of the educational institution as a whole and the need to systematize the knowledge of the essence of health-saving educational environment and its role in the personality development.
GENESIS AND EVOLUTION OF THE “COMPETITIVENESS” CONCEPT IN THE HISTORY OF HUMAN THOUGHT
UDC: УДК 378.2
Section: PEDAGOGICS
Authors: Sergej Jur'evich Lavrent'ev ; Valentina Aleksandrovna Komelina ;
The article investigates the nature and content of such concepts as “competitiveness of the individual”. The phenomenon of competitiveness is among the least studied in the psycho-pedagogical, economic and administrative, philosophical, sociological literature, due to the complexity and versatility of the studied concept. In the course of the study of the phenomenology of competitiveness, the authors show that currently there is no single universally accepted interpretation in the scientific literature. Moreover, a characteristic of competitiveness is given with different completeness and in different aspects. It was found that the nature of competition and the phenomenology of competitiveness draws attention and becomes the subject of study of representatives of different sciences: social anthropology, pedagogical management, educational psychology, knowledge of economics, management of personnel and other. The article gives a biological, biophilosophical, sociological, social and philosophical, social and managerial, psychological, pedagogical, political and economical interpretation of the essence of this concept. The study revealed the origins of the understanding of the competitiveness of the person as a systematizing factor of development of society in general and the educational process in particular, which must be sought in the peculiarities of speciation processes, taxonomic divergence and the evolutionary development of man as a species and as a carrier of culture, that is, in its nature.
COMPETITIVE RELATIONS IN THE MARKET OF EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES
UDC: УДК 330.1:37
Section: PEDAGOGICS
Authors: Kunash Askerovna Mamedova ;
The article considers the competitive relationship in the market of educational resources. The research means by competitive relations property relations that allow to compete on a par with a variety of competitors, ceteris paribus. It is noted that the purpose of the competitive relationship in the market of educational resources is the fulfillment of the social function of education. It was revealed that the institution enters into resource sharing and competitive relationship with the state, society, customers, employees and business partners of the university.
COMPETITIVE RELATIONS IN THE MARKET OF EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES
UDC: УДК 330.1:37
Section: PEDAGOGICS
Authors: Kunash Askerovna Mamedova ;
The article considers the competitive relationship in the market of educational resources. The research means by competitive relations property relations that allow to compete on a par with a variety of competitors, ceteris paribus. It is noted that the purpose of the competitive relationship in the market of educational resources is the fulfillment of the social function of education. It was revealed that the institution enters into resource sharing and competitive relationship with the state, society, customers, employees and business partners of the university.
PEDAGOGICAL TECHNOLOGY OF THE STUDENTS’ PHYSICAL EDUCATION BASED ON MONITORING OF MORPHOFUNCTIONAL STATE AND PHYSICALTRAINING
UDC: УДК 37.016:796-057.87
Section: PEDAGOGICS
Authors: Valiry Timofeyevich Nikolaev ;
The relevance of the problem under study is caused by the fact that Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) of the components of the students’ body mass composition and the testing of their physical development through tests of motor proficiency in pedagogical process of physical education promote individualization of their motor load, formation of the students’ self-adjustment in the correction of the body, increase of their physical efficiency and the students’ pursuit for a regular physical activity. The aim of the article is to study and to set up a pedagogical technology of the educational process on the subject “Physical Education” in a university using the Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis of the components of the students’ body mass composition and testing their physical development through tests of motor proficiency. The main methods for studying the problem are Bioelectrical Impedance that helps to determine bioelectric indicators as well as the components of students’ body mass composition and the motor load testings of the development of basic physical qualities. The constitutional peculiarities are the basic component of the formation of general and special performance capability in sport and fitness. At the same time, body changes under the influence of specificity of training loads and increase of physical and functional training of students. Therefore, information about the components of the composition of body mass helps to individualize physical load during training lessons using a variety of physical exercises and sports. Students with higher values of the bioelectrical indicators (phase angle, reactance), active cell mass (ACM) and the percentage of the active cell mass dominate the physical and functional abilities compared with students with low physical development. These differences were statistically significant (P < 0,05). The reaction of the cardiovascular system was also significantly lower (P < 0,05) during the running load in the aerobic power saving mode. The practical significance of the article deals with the optimi-zation of training process of the fitness focus in Physical Education and in sport activities. Also, there is the acquisition of the skills in determining the balance between energy intake during the ingestion and its consumption by the students during physical activity.
FORMATION OF ANALYTICAL ABILITIES IN THE COURSE STUDENT-CENTERED LEARNING BASED ON THE PROJECT METHOD
UDC: УДК 378
Section: PEDAGOGICS
Authors: Lyudmila Borisovna Tarenko ;
During pedagogical interaction that exists as a special form of communication between members of the educational and training process, there is the mutual enrichment of the intellectual, emotional, activity areas of everybody involved in the process. The goal of student-centered pedagogical interaction – constructing a favorable environment, promoting personal development of the student, forming of his moral attitudes. Personality-oriented interaction of the teacher with the students is the basis for the formation of students' analytical skills, ability to self-development, self-determination, self-realization. The article discusses the features of the use of information technology for the organization of student-centered learning, project-based method, which allows to increase the effectiveness of the educational process, the level of formation of analytical skills, to organize knowledge, as well as to individualize learning. Information technology can provide effective transfer of knowledge and active involvement of students in the educational process, increase learning effectiveness, and, to the maximum extent take into account the personal needs and characteristics of the students themselves. All this activates the development of self-learning skills, a specific competence working with sources of information, which in the future is a necessary condition for professional growth of the future specialist.
INFORMATIVE ACTIVITY OF STUDENTS: ANALYSIS OF PEDAGOGICAL CONCEPTS AND DEVELOPMENT IN THE COURSE OF VOCATIONAL TRAINING OF WORKERS AND SPECIALISTS
UDC: УДК 377.5
Section: PEDAGOGICS
Authors: Anatoly Sergeevich Chibakov ; Dmitrii Aleksandrovich Krylov ;
The article is devoted to topical social and pedagogical problem: the development of cognitive activity of students of educational institutions of secondary vocational education. The study presents a brief analysis of the evolution of pedagogical views on the concept of “activity” and “cognitive activity”, since the 20-s of the XXth century. The article referred to the leading scientists who had studied the activity of the person in training, and the major periods of the formation of views on the issue under study. The study reveals the essence of the principle of didactic activity as an indicator of the realization of other learning principles. The article shows the relationship between the concepts of “activity” and “activities”, “activity” and “independence” and the essence of the process of activation of informative activity of pupils. The study substantiated opinion on the activity as a system-performance development of personality. The article highlighted the triune beginning of the activity of the individual in vocational training: activity as a social quality, teaching and cognitive activity, cognitive and communicative activity in a particular subject area. The article identifies the factors that ensure the successful development of an active person in the conditions of vocational training of skilled workers and mid-level professionals. The study established the source of cognitive activity – training contradictions. In order to diagnose cognitive activity of the individual, procedural and scoring criteria are separated. The study developed a method of assessing the development of cognitive activity of students, master working professions and specialties.
ON THE QUESTION OF FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE OF STUDENTS
UDC: УДК 371.134
Section: PEDAGOGICS
Authors: Natal'ja Alekseevna Yukina ; Irina Vladimirovna Vostrikova; Ljudmila Grigor'evna Filippova ;
The dynamics of economic development of society requires a comprehensive level of professionalism of graduates. It is necessary to develop the qualities, defined by competencies, along with general training. Senior students may already possess quite stable competencies, which only need to be “cut” like diamonds. In this sense, the project activities, from school to high school, will allow the young man to get the necessary practical experience in the implementation of any ideas, pans, to increase competitiveness, to become a successful and worthy representative of society. The implementation of projects helps to acquire the necessary competences of entirely different, higher quality.
EFFECTIVENESS OF MENTAL ACTIONS UPDATING AND THE SEMANTIC CONTENT PLAYBACK, DEPENDING ON THE POSITION OF THE PARTS OF THE SENTENCE IN SYNTACTICAL ORGANIZATION OF STATEMENTS
UDC: УДК 159.9:81
Section: PSICHOLOGY
Authors: Sergei Vladimirovich Malanov ; Lilija Hafizovna Habibrahmanova ;
The article deals with the dependence of the efficiency of the organization of mental action and sub-sequent playback of its semantic content on the order of the parts sentence as a part of the Russian-language statement (sentence). The study prepared by the empirical data, supporting the hypothesis that the translation efficiency of the semantic content of the descriptive text depends on the positions held by the parts of the sentence, as well as the position of statements (sentences) as part of the text.
LINGUOCULTUROGICAL ASPECT OF RESEARCHING LEXEMS WITH PHONOSEMANTICS (THE ATTEMPT OF COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS ON MATERIAL OF BASIC EUROPEAN LANGUAGES)
UDC: УДК 81’37
Section: PHILOLOGY
Authors: Al'mira Rashidovna Akhmedzyanova ;
The article is devoted to an important problem of cross-cultural communication – finding the equivalents of lexems. The author analyses characteristic features of semantics of lexems with sound meaning in its synchronic and diachronic aspects, researching this material with the methods of linguistic culturology, semasiology and cognitive linguistics. The issue has a goal to find and characterize general and particular features in sound semantics. Attention is paid to the words with the meaning of “kinds of sound” and “features of sound” in the Russian, English, French and German languages. In this work these languages are called “basic European” ones, because they are used in international communication and are considered important to study as foreign ones to be successful communicator. This research helped to find general and particular features in constructing the one-word metaphors in every culture. The thematic glossary was a result of this work. It may be used by the foreigners to learn Russian, English, French, German.
ON THE ISSUE OF CROSS-CULTURAL COMMUNICATION (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE VOLGA FEDERAL DISTRICT PRESS)
UDC: УДК 070(470.4)
Section: PHILOLOGY
Authors: Alina Vladimirovna Barsukova ;
Within the multinational state there is a need of promoting of culture of tolerance, mutual respect and interethnic dialogue. In this regard the press role promoting harmonization of the interethnic relations increases. Extremism, racism, xenophobia, as historical experience shows, can lead to the conflicts, national tragedies and, eventually, accidents. The modern system of the mass media creates conditions for full interaction of the journalist and his audience – screen viewers, listeners, readers. Speaking about the main objectives of the mass media, it should be noted that it not only informs audience, forming these or those ideals, but also manipulates public consciousness. However, on the one hand, the mass media is the important political and legal institute which is a mirror of interests of any political forces (political party or the organization, industrial structure, etc.), but at the same time, not always interested in consoli¬dation and stability both in the country, and in her certain subjects. On the other hand, the tendency of growth of a role of mass media in the conditions of process of globalization of society occurs in the conditions of an aggravation of the international and ethnic relations. Collapse of the USSR, an aggravation of interethnic contradictions in the former Soviet Union including in the Russian Federation, have caused a problem of refugees and displaced persons. In this regard the last researches of the Russian press fix increase in publications in the central and regional mass media on the international relations in the country. The article considers the questions of ethno-cultural dialogue in mass media of the Volga Federal District and the relevance of cross-cultural communication.
TYPOLOGY OF FEMALE IMAGES IN THE NOVEL "AT DAGGERS DRAWN" BY N. S. LESKOV
UDC: УДК 821.161.1Лесков
Section: PHILOLOGY
Authors: Olga Sergeevna Berezina ;
The aim of this research is to examine the female images in the antinihilist novel “At Daggers Drawn” by N. S. Leskov. Influence of nihilistic doctrines, which took over the minds of contemporaries, espe-cially on Russian women, in whom N. S. Leskov saw custodians of national morality, worried the writer very much. The study of publicistic, literary and artistic heritage of N. S. Leskov suggests that, according to his outlook, the scope of the house is the main in a woman's life, and the family is assessed as a significant phenomenon of public and private life of a person. The image of women, perfect in terms of N. S. Leskov, is presented in his antinihilist novels. It was a response to nihilists with their views on women as emancipated personality of the new format. In this sense N. Leskov follows Метафора «духовная смерть» в лесковском произведении раскрывается в преступлениях против нравственности, которые совершает героиня: обман мужа, «двумужница», предательство подруги, соучастие в преступлениях Горданова и Висленева. Героиня осознает свое греховное состояние, но не видит пути к спасению, так как для нее «бессильно все, даже и религия» [3]. Итогом ее жизни становится самоубийство. По христианским понятиям, преступность этого греха состоит в том, что самоубийца возмущается против творческого и промыслительного божественного порядка и своего назначения, произвольно прекращает жизнь, которая принадлежит не ему только, но и Богу, а также ближним, и которая дарована ему для нравственного преуспеяния, а не для злоупотребления ею, – отрекается от всех лежащих на нем обязанностей и приходит в загробный мир непризнанным. Представляя в романе «На ножах» образ женщины «на перепутье», Н. С. Лесков утверждает концепцию духовного человека и христианскую идею спасения человека. В произведении Евангел Минервин просто и вместе с тем очень глубоко выражает авторскую позицию относительно женщины-спасительницы: «Женщины – это прелесть! Они наши мироносицы: без их слез этот злой мир заскоруз бы-с!» [3]. Именно с женщиной связана вера писателя в духовное возрождение че¬ловечества, в торжество нравственных идеалов. ______________ 1. Березина О. С. «Касса ссуд по залог движимости» (концепт «дом» в творчестве Н. Лескова) // Вестник Северного (Арктического) федерального ун-та. Серия «Гуманитарные и социальные науки». 2016. № 1. С. 112–116. 2. Березина О. С. Спасительница, утешительница, хра-нительница дома (женский идеал в романе Н. С. Лескова «На ножах») // Вестник Северо-Осетинского государственного университета имени К. Л. Хетагурова. 2015. № 2. С. 131–134. 3. Лесков Н. С. На ножах: роман. URL: http://fanread.ru/book/731860/ (дата обращения: 14.09.2016). 4. Старыгина Н. Н. Роман Н. С. Лескова «На ножах»: Человек и его ценностный мир. М.: Прометей, 1995. 114 с. Статья поступила в редакцию 12.10.2016 г. the tradition of contemporary anti-nihilistic writers. In their works the positive heroine act as inhabitants, that put priority on home and life, so the positive or negative characters are shown in their ability or inability to family life and motherhood. N. Leskov describes three types of women in the novel – ordinary, passionate and “at a crossroads”. The writer argues the ideal, from his point of view, image of a woman, with which he connects the concept of the spiritual man and the Christian idea of human salvation.
AUTHOR’S CONCEPTION OF WORLD DUALITY (REASONING OF THE TERMINOLOGICAL STATUS OF NOTION)
UDC: УДК 82.0
Section: PHILOLOGY
Authors: Igor' Petrovich Karpov ;
The article explains the terminological status of the notion of “world duality”. The study argues the idea of the semantic content of a separate term in a particular field of terminology, in the conceptual unity of the terminology.
METHODOLOGY OF RECONSTRUCTING ARCHETYPE OF ANCIENT HYDRONYMS
UDC: УДК 413.11
Section: PHILOLOGY
Authors: Anatolii Nikolaevich Kuklin ;
Considering different methods used for reconstructing of the ancient hydronyms a leading place belongs to the methods and techniques of comparative and contrastive linguistics, aimed at large-scale historical and cultural investigation, using linguistic data of relative and unrelative languages and their dialects, involving materials on spiritual and material culture of neighbouring nations, information on ethnological and paleoanthropological investigations. Elimination of regionalethic and natural geographic data, requiring rigorous analysis and complicating the process of research, will inevitably lead to distortions and inaccuracies in the interpretation of the toponymic material. In this connection it should be noted more typical errors in the application of linguistic methods for analysis of onomastic material and appellative lexeme that is in a geographical name. The origin of a river name (potamonym) is often explained incorrectly because researchers identify multilingual words by external similarity, excluding genetic sources. Herewith, ethnohistorical, substrate and adstrate factors are not taken into account. In the etimological explanations inconsistencies and contradictions are often found in the interpretation of the content of ancient hydro- and topo- which are in the geographical objects of the Middle Volga. The reason for misunderstanding of the name is that modified on the basis of a different language it can be matched with its outlook with the other lexeme expanding the range of heterogeneous homonyms and after some time it can lose its original semantics incurring significant rethinking. The accuracy of the explanation of its original meaning is possible only on the basis of “chain” recon-struction relying on phonological occurringin the substrate lexemes, by their sporadic isoglosses, sur-vivedin the dialects of Uralic, Turkic- Slavyano-Russian languages. It is impossible to operate with distorted forms when etimologyzation. Accuracy interpretation of the toponym origin and semantic content depends on how objectively and reasonably analyzed linguistic facts. The origin and meaning of individual content potamonimov restaurants incorrect due to the fact that investigators ignored arealno- linguistic isoglosses. Only some errors in the application of linguistic methods and interpre-tation techniques in the analysis of river names are marked here.
TURKMEN FOLKLORE IN INTERPRETATION OF SWEDISH-RUSSIAN ETHNOGRAPHER-MUSICOLOGIST WILHELM HARTEVELD (TO THE ISSUE OF INDIVIDUALLY-PSYCHOLOGICAL MULTICULTURALISM)
UDC: УДК 398.21.81
Section: PHILOLOGY
Authors: Muradgeldi Soyegov ;
This article is devoted to the description of the book by Wilhelm Harteveld, published in 1914 under the title “Among the shifting sands and severed heads”. The study examined the reflection in the book of Turkmen oral and musical folklore samples that were written by the author of this publication from the lips of music performers and narrators in 1913 in the Trans-Caspian region. He was invited to visit the house of the Turkmen-elder of an aul of Keshi near Ashgabat, where especially for him concert featuring local performers had been arranged. In addition, he also met Turkmen singers in Ashgabat. Besides folklore materials, this book also provides valuable data describing the national mentality of the Turkmen people. For example, according to him, the Turkmen is hospitable, honest, truthful, egoistic and extremely proud. Turkmen women create the most beautiful, durable and valuable carpets. The author claims that he had never seen or even imagined the possibility of the existence of such a beautiful horse, which he saw in Ashgabat stables. The book contains the texts of the folk song about capture Geok-Tepe and a folk tale, contained in the annex to this article. The study points to serious errors (distortions) made by the author when transferring to Russian Turkmen personal names and some other word-realities. The individual issues of the so-called individual psychological multiculturalism are also put. According to the author, the collective (social) multiculturalism should ideally consist of a plurality of individually-psychological multiculturalism of members of a society.
SOCIAL AND NATURAL IN A. I. KUPRIN'S WORKS
UDC: УДК 821.161.1
Section: PHILOLOGY
Authors: Inna Gennad'evna Chesnokova ;
The article examines the works by Alexander Kuprin, which entered into the “Polesye Cycle”: “Backwoods”, “Hunting Wood Grouse”, “Olesya” in terms of social and natural. The study defined themes, the imaging system, the function of the nature of these works.
ON THE DEFINITION OF INTERJECTION AS LINGUISTIC SIGN
UDC: УДК 81-13
Section: PHILOLOGY
Authors: Tat'jana Mihajlovna Shkapenko ;
The paper contains a study of the nature of interjections as linguistic signs in synchronic and diachronic perspective. Views of various scientists about interjections in the light of the semiotics theory become the subject of analysis. Special attention is paid to the contradiction which is present at many works between the statement about groundlessness of interjections interpretation as sign units and simultaneous statements of their status of signs or signals. On the basis of the words “sign” and “signal” analysis in explanatory dictionaries and in works of philosophers and psychologists the reasons of observed contradictions are established. The difference between ordinary idea of essence of a sign and understanding of the word as sign unit within semiotics approach concerns to them. In unscientific representation the sign nature of interjections is more tangible, than the sign nature of words described by semiotics. The brevity, morphological invariance and combination with paralinguistic means belong to inherent properties of an interjection’s sign. From the point of view of addresser interjection is short and convenient means of reflection his internal state, and the signal of it’s emergence for addressee at the same time. From the semiogenetic point of view various classes of interjections represent various stages of language formation. Primary emotive interjections are characteristic for pre-semiotic stage, onomatopoeias are the first iconic signs having an external reference, and conative interjections are the first attempts of signs symbols producing.
TECHNIQUES TO INCREASE THE ROOTING ABILITY OF MICRO-SHOOTS OF GARDEN STRAWBERRY IN CULTURE IN VITRO
UDC: 634.75
Section: AGRICULTURE
Authors: Marina G. Markova ; Elena N. Somova ;
The rooting ability of garden strawberry in culture in vitro depends on physical conditions of cultivation and passes without much difficulty, but the acceleration of the rhizogenesis process with a shortening of the rooting stage is of great interest. The article presents the results of studies on the joined effect of the growth regulator HB-101 added to the nutrient medium and combined lighting (red, blue, white light) on the rhizogenesis of strawberry micro-shoots in culture in vitrо. The aim of the work is to study the influence of the spectral composition of light and the growth regulator HB-101 on the rhizogenesis of garden strawberry in conditions in vitro. The influence of the growth regulator HB-101 was studied by adding it to the Murashige-Skooga nutrient medium at stage rooting, under joined application the traditional auxin of indolyl-butyric acid (IBA). The micro-plants of strawberries were cultivated under LED irradiators with a ratio in the spectrum of red, blue and white light of 2: 1: 1, 1: 1: 1, 1: 2, respectively, the control lamp was a fluorescent irradiator LPO 30-17 with white light lamps. It was found that the joint application of the growth regulator HB-101 and LED installations with a ratio of red, blue and white light 2: 1: 1 and 1: 1: 1, respectively, led to a 100 % rooting of the strawberry micro-shoots and a reduction of rooting stage by 10 days. The addition of the growth regulator HB-101 to the nutrient medium at a dose of 50 μl / l generally contributed to a significant increase in the rooting of strawberry micro-shoots. LED irradiation installations of different spectral composition, in comparison with luminescent, also contributed to a significant increase in the rootedness of micro-shoots and to the improvement of the root system of microplants.
REPRODUCTIVE QUALITIES OF THE SOWS OF A LARGE WHITE BREED IN CROSSING WITH YORKSHIRE BOARS
UDC: 636.4:636.082.265
Section: AGRICULTURE
Authors: Rafail A. Fayzullin; Marat R. Sayfutdinov;
The aim of the research was to study the reproduc-tive qualities of the sows of large white breeds under crossing with Yorkshire boars. Two groups of sows with 15 heads each according to the principle of analogs taking into account the origin, live weight and age were created for a research. The sows at the age of 12 months with a live weight of 130–140 kg, were covered manually by boars-producers of large white breed and Yorkshire breed. Reproductive qualities of sows of large white breed were assessed by multi-plicity, nest weight at day 21, nest weight at 2 months, number of piglets at 2 months and survival rate of piglets. The complex indicator of reproductive qualities was calculated from the data of the reproductive qualities of sows. In the course of the study, it was revealed that the sows of a large white breed as under pure breeding, so under crossing with boars of the Yorkshire breed have had almost the same indicators by the prolificacy, the number of the piglets at 2 months and survival rate of piglets. However, the sows of the combination (LW × Y) differed from the peers combinations (LW × LW) by the most high indicators of the mass of the nest both at the birth of pigs, and at their weaning in 2 months. Herewith reliable difference between the sows of large white breed combined (LW × Y) and (LW × LW) by mass of the nest under birth piglets was  1,04 kg (P > 0,99), and by mass of the nest at 2 months  7,14 kg (P > 0, 90). Difference by the complex index of reproductive qualities between the sows of a large white breed under different breed combinations: (LW × Y) and (LW × LW) was  3,16 points (P < 0,90), in favor of the combination (LW × Y).
FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE OF FUTURE COACH IN THE EDUCATIONAL SPACE OF A SPORTS UNIVERSITY
UDC: 37.013.77
Section: PEDAGOGICS
Authors: Anzhelika V. Gut; Anzhelika V. Gut;
Introduction. The relevance of the formation of psychological and pedagogical competence of coaches (sports teachers), connected with the peculiarities and risks of coaching, is considered in the work. The work of a coach in modern conditions is determined by a new status: the demand for sports teachers is gaining a social scale within the framework of population’s health improvement programs, within the framework of organization of healthy leisure of young people, within the framework of formation of new values and life priorities of younger generation. This need is fixed in all state educational standards in the form of general cultural and professional competencies. Purpose. To consider and compare the development of analytical, prognostic, projective, reflexive, organizational, information and developing skills of students of the direction “Physical Cultureˮ of the Volga Region Academy of Physical Culture, Sports and Tourism as the basis for the formation of psychological and pedagogical competence. Materials and Methods: Analysis of the results of survey of 1st and 4th year students of the direction “Physical Cultureˮ of the Volga Region Academy of Physical Culture, Sports and Tourism, as well as analysis of the expert evaluation of the Academy teachers and employers (teachers of secondary schools and coaches of sports schools, for which students were assigned in practice). Results, discussion. The study demonstrates positive dynamics of development in most indicators. Observed qualitative growth indicators: projective and predictive skills; students emphasize the need to develop projective skills as a primary indicator of the professional maturity of young teachers; reflexive and organizational skills; these skills are indicators of intrapersonal development, including the development of communication skills; information and developmental skills; the development of these skills is facilitated by the saturation of the Volga Region Academy of electronic information resources; analytical skills and efficiency of knowledge; these skills are associated with scientific and theoretical activities, and the greatest development is obtained in the master's degree. Conclusion. The study confirms the practical orientation of the bachelor's degree in the direction of “Physical Cultureˮ of the Volga Region Academy of Physical Culture, Sports and Tourism. There is also a high need for disciplines of psychological and pedagogical profile. The general conclusion is that the university lays a positive dynamic in the development of professional competence.
SPRING TRITICALE – A PROMISING CROP FOR THE REPUBLIC OF MARI EL
UDC: 631.52.11;633.15
Section: AGRICULTURE
Authors: Yuri A. Lapshin; Vladimir A. Maksimov; Rimma I. Zolotareva;
One of the most accessible ways to stabilize the production of feed grain in the north-east of the European territory of Russia is to expand the species and varietal diversity of forage crops, in particular, by increasing the acreage of triticale. The study of grain productivity of spring triticale varieties, depending on the level of mineral fertilizers, was conducted in the Mari Research Institute of Agriculture – branch of the FASC of the North-East in a two-factor experiment: Factor A is a cultivar of spring triticale: Rovnya (St), Saur, Khaykar, Dobroe, Zaozerye. Factor B – mineral fertilizers: Control (without fertilizers), N30P30K30, N60P60K60, N90P60K60.The tested varieties are able to form a high yield of grain and total biomass. With an increase in the rate of mineral fertilizer application, the duration of the growing season increased. The most late-ripening varieties were Dobroe and Zaozerye. Varieties Saur, Dobroe and Khaykar provided almost the same level of productivity against the background of the main application of N60P60K60 and N90P60K60, no significant increase of grain yield (LSD05 – 0.21 t/ha) from increasing the dose of nitrogen was identified. Yields in the Saur variety were 4.74 and 4.69 t/ha, in Dobroe variety – 5.02 and 5.03 t/ha, in Khaykar variety – 5.34 and 5.36 t/ha, respectively. Variety Rovnya (St) in grain yield was not inferior to all tested varieties only against an unfertilized background. The efficiency of mineral fertilizers on Zaozerye and Saur varieties was higher when applied at a dose of N60P60K60. The maximum yield of 5.47 t/ha was formed by plants of Zaozerye variety, the increase in relation to the variant without the use of fertilizers was 0.66 t/ha, or 13.7 %. The highest payback of mineral fertilizers by yield increase was revealed in two versions of the experiment – when cultivating the Dobroe and Khaykar triticale varieties against the background of the main fertilizer application at a dose of N60P60K60 and amounted to 5.6 and 5.7 t/ha, respectively.
DIAGNOSTIC TOOLS FOR ASSESSING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE ADAPTIVE SYSTEM OF STUDENTS' MATHEMATICAL TRAINING
UDC: 378.1
Section: PEDAGOGICS
Authors: Vera I. Toktarova; Svetlana N. Fedorova;
В статье рассматривается проблема оценки эффективности адаптивной системы обучения, характеризующейся приспособлением к конкретным условиям процесса обучения в зависимости от кри- териев, направленных на совершенствование и улучшение качества обучения. Цель данной статьи – теоретическое обоснование алгоритма использования диагностического инструментария для оценки эф- фективности адаптивной системы математической подготовки студентов в условиях электронной ИОС вуза. Материалы и методы. Материалами исследования послужили научные работы, в которых рас- сматривались вопросы диагностики и оценки уровня математической подготовки студентов в ада- птивных системах обучения с использованием информационно-коммуникационных средств. В иссле- довании были использованы теоретические, эмпирические и математические методы. Результаты исследования. Система оценки эффективности адаптивной системы математической подготовки студен- тов представлена нормативно-организационными, психолого-педагогическими, программно-техничес- кими, коммуникативными, кадровыми критериями. Каждый критерий был раскрыт через конкретные показатели, которые в дальнейшем измерялись и оценивались. Для ранжирования выделенных групп критериев / непосредственно самих критериев в группе / соответствующих критериям параметров в раз- работанном диагностическом инструментарии был использован метод анализа иерархий (МАИ) Саати. Заключение. Разработанный диагностический инструментарий позволяет проводить мониторинг резуль- тативности математической подготовки студентов вуза в контексте электронного обучения. Рационально выстроенная диагностика результативности математической подготовки в рамках разработанной модели ориентирована на улучшение учебного процесса путем определения пробелов в математической подготовке студентов и дальнейшей коррекции процесса обучения.
RETROSPECTIVES OF HISTORICAL PARALLELS IN THE EVOLUTION OF THE CONCEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY OF RUSSIA
UDC: 947(47):34
Section: HISTORY
Authors: Oleg. A. Lipatov;
Introduction. The coups d'etat at the beginning and at the end of the XX century in the Russian state in both cases formed a new historical reality. In the context of the destruction of the old and the formation of a new so-ciety, approaches to ensuring state security were formed. The article examines the historical conditions for the formation of approaches to understanding the conceptual and normative components of the content of ensur-ing national security during periods of coups d’etat at the beginning of the 20th century and in the 90s of the 20th century. Purpose: to compare current situations, political conflicts, driving forces of transformation, con-sequences and their impact on the formation of the conceptual foundations of national security. Materials and methods. The paper uses regulations related to security issues during the revolutionary transformations of the early 19th century and early 90-ies of the 20th century. The article uses general scientific methods (description) and special historical methods (historical-comparative). Research results and discussions. Changes in the coun-try’s economic and political structure as a result of political cataclysms entail the formation of a new under-standing of security objects. At the same time, the transition to a new system of state security is based on the scientific and human resources potential of the previous era. Conclusion. Thus, the national security compo-nents are significantly influenced by the traditions of understanding security, which are carried out by specialists who train the personnel of the relevant executive authorities and the specifics of the state economy.
Regional market of milk and dairy products: trends, factors and directions of development
UDC: 339.138:637.12/14
Section: ECONOMICS
Authors: Yulia V. Reshetkina; Olga A. Stolyarova; Svetlana N. Alekseeva; Alexander A. Ivanov;
Introduction. The problem of providing the population with milk and dairy products remains relevant today. The purpose of the article is to analyze the market for milk and dairy products in the Penza region, the main problems of its development and to propose the main directions of functioning. Research methods are monographic, economic-statistical, abstract-logical, balance, method of analysis. The authors analyzed the de-gree of self-sufficiency of the region in milk and dairy products, and also considered a number of reasons that have a negative impact on the development of the market for milk and dairy products. Among them, one can single out: a reduction in the number of cows in agricultural organizations and personal subsidiary plots of the population, the absence of mutually beneficial relations between agricultural commodity producers of raw milk and processing organizations, a decrease in the purchasing power of the population, etc. In the course of the study, an analysis was made of the provision of milk processing enterprises with raw materials. The idea is argued that in order to satisfy the population with a sufficient volume of dairy products, it is necessary to achieve a correspondence between the production volumes of raw milk and the production capacities of processing enterprises. According to the authors, in order to increase the efficiency of dairy cattle breeding, economically significant federal and regional programs for the development of this industry should be implemented. In the Penza region, dairy cattle breeding should be investment-attractive, and for this, modern large closed-cycle dairy complexes are being built in the region thanks to “Rusmolco”. Such dairy complexes not only increase gross milk production, but also create conditions for the primary processing of milk, which improves the quality of raw materials. Processing enterprises of the region, in conditions of high competition, are expanding the range of final products produced to maintain their positions in the market of milk and dairy products. In the Penza region, a large processing enterprise is OJSC “Penzensky Dairy Plant”. Conclusion. The authors made a conclusion about the improvement of pricing for raw materials sold. Processing enterprises should purchase raw milk at prices conducive to increasing the profitability of the commodity producer and ensure the level of profitability of milk production at the level of 55−60 %.
Control activities of tax authorities in the Republic of Mari El in 2019−2021 in the context of the concept of openness
UDC: 332
Section: ECONOMICS
Authors: Ramziya K. Shakirova;
Introduction. The era of the information society places high demands on the completeness and quality of available information. Solving problems related to the effective development of the state and society requires the formation of management models based on the active participation of civil society and the use of public control mechanisms. The improvement of models for the implementation of state functions in developed countries is based on ensuring the interests and needs of citizens, on the interaction of different subjects of society and on the growth of the volume of available and high-quality information. To get rid of nihilism in the field of tax relations, these measures are especially relevant. The purpose of this study is to assess the results of the control activities of the tax authorities in the Republic of Mari El for the period from 2019 to 2021 in the context of openness of the data of the Federal Tax Service of Russia. Materials and methods. The work uses a classic set of general scientific methods of scientific research, including methods of formal logic and economic-statistical methods. The basis for the study was the data of statistical reporting of the Federal Tax Service. Results, discussion. According to the reporting data of the tax authorities of the RME for the period under review, there was a decrease in the number of audits (both field and desk). Based on the results of all field inspections, violations were found and additional payments were charged. The share of desk audits that revealed violations in 2021 amounted to 4.0 %. The amount of additional charges for field inspections in 2021 increased by 138 % compared to 2019. Conclusion. A complete analysis of the results of the control activities of the tax authorities in terms of its effectiveness is difficult due to the lack of open information. At the same time, on the basis of open data, indicators can be calculated that reflect the general trend in the field of tax control and serve as a guideline for building business strategies for taxpayers.
The SVE system as an element of regional economic development.
UDC: 311
Section: ECONOMICS
Authors: Natalia K. Shvetsova; Andrey V. Shvetsov ;
Introduction. In modern realities, the state is forced to pay more and more attention to the real sector of the economy. And if a few years ago the state's economy developed sectorally, including due to the policy of the Central Bank to curb domestic investment. The financial regulator tried to fight inflation in this way until re-cently, mistakenly assuming that only a reduction in lending to individuals and private businesses is able to keep inflationary processes within the established framework. Currently, it is necessary to actively develop all indus-tries in cooperation and planning all actions among themselves. It should be noted that it is necessary to start changes in the economy with the education system, in particular the vocational education system. We believe that the system of secondary special education is the most important element of training middle-level specialists for the domestic economy, a tool for training working professions that are so in demand in our country now. In this regard, there is a scientific and practical task of assessing the degree of influence of indicators characterizing the state of the system of secondary vocational education in the regions of the Russian Federation on the gross regional product of these subjects. The GRP of the region is selected as the resulting indicator reflecting the fi-nancial and economic situation of the regions of the Russian Federation. The purpose of the study is to test the hypothesis about the degree of influence of the indicators of the SVE (secondary vocational education) system on the gross regional product of the regions of the Russian Federation. Materials and methods. The study ana-lyzes the official statistical data of Rosstat, uses multidimensional statistical methods of cluster, correlation, re-gression analysis and appropriate software. Conclusion. It should be emphasized that the results of the analysis should be applied to specific regions and only within the considered time ranges.