VESTNIK 3(27) 2017
- VESTNIK 3(27) 2017
- Date publication on the site:
- 2017-10-13 14:05:50
- Full journal in PDF:
Content all 24
MUSEUM PEDAGOGY IN THE CONTEXT OF ETHNOCULTURAL TRAINING OF FUTURE TEACHERS
Authors: Valentina V. Konstantinova ; Irina N. Andreeva ;
The article focuses on the formation of ethnocultural competence of future teachers with the help of museum pedagogy. The aim of the study is to determine the value of museum pedagogy for the formation of ethno-cultural competence of students in multicultural student environment of a Russian University. The main methods of research are theoretical analysis of the literature on the research problem, the analysis of results of questionnaire of students of the Mari state pedagogical University areas of training enrolled in a multicultural University. The paper shows the results of diagnostic work on ethnic and cultural competence of the students of Mari State University and the article envisages the components of ethnocultural competence: substantial, emotional and valuable, moral and patriotic components. The research covers the works of some German scientists of the XIXth century (A. Likhtvark, G. Freudenthal, G. Kerschensteiner) devoted to the influence of museum pedagogy on the rising generation. The paper analyses the significance of the museum of local lore and museum pedagogy in the formation of ethnocultural competence of future teachers. The article considers an important feature of museum pedagogy, that is to show and describe a museum exhibit and only then to reveal information about its history, define the methods of planning and teaching the class. Nowadays museum pedagogy is becoming quite efficient in the context of cooperation between the university and museum, creating pedagogically fruitful and structured cultural and educational space. As there is a huge variety of museums, a student can choose any museum that seems interesting to him, define the amount and contents of the information that he would like to get, choose the ways and time that he might spend watching museum exhibits. Museums should meet, develop and enrich the interests of students who will become teachers in the future.
TEACHING UNIVERSITY TEACHERS A PROJECT-ORIENTED APPROACH AS ONE OF THE CONDITIONS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF A MODERN UNIVERSITY
Authors: Svetlana A. Domracheva ;
The article deals with the problem of teaching the university teachers a project-oriented approach. The purpose of the research is to consider the importance and necessity of implementing a project-oriented approach to the educational process of the university, to analyze the results of interviews of teachers who are studying at advanced training courses in the program "Technologies for implementing the project-oriented approach in the educational process of a modern university". Methods and techniques of research: questionnaire methods, analysis and generalization, a questionnaire for evaluating learning outcomes are used. The features of the project technology and its application in the system of additional adult education are considered: the active role of the learning adult; Readiness of students for interaction and exchange of experience; Motivation to succeed, increase their professional skills; Active creative attitude, ability to self-realization. It is shown that the successful introduction of project training in the work of higher education is associated with the modernization of the structure and content of the educational process and overcoming the existing stereotypes of higher education. The results of the evaluation of the previous training of the participants in the VPL training courses – the process of assessing and verifying personal competencies and their results are analyzed. The main theoretical sections of the additional educational program are presented, the program is evaluated by the course participants themselves, who are the teachers of the university. Discussion of the research problem includes the level of knowledge, skills and abilities that the university teachers should master in order to register applications for contests and grants correctly; To apply technologies of the organization of project activity in work with students. In conclusion, the results of satisfaction with the courses are given, recommendations are offered on the improvement of the approved program.
INDEPENDENT WORK AS A CONDITION FOR THE FORMATION OF A COMPETITIVE SPECIALIST IN THE UNIVERSITY ELECTRONIC ENVIRONMENT
Authors: Sergej Ju. Lavrent'ev ; Dmitrii A. Krylov ; Mariya V. Sairanova ;
One of the fundamental tasks of the strategy of the development of education is the formation of a competitive personality, capable of creatively and independently solving the problems arising in various spheres of personal and professional activity. The article shows that even with a sufficiently high level of organization of independent work, traditional training does not provide the expected quality of training of a competitive graduate of the university. Characteristics of the peculiarities of independent work in the framework of using the electronic educational course in the educational process, key indicators of the electronic learning environment are given. The paper presents the experience of organizing independent work as a condition for the formation of a competitive specialist using the modified educational platform LMS Moodle, which allows designing remote electronic training courses for open resource access. As an example, an electronic course on the discipline “Management and Marketing in Vocational Education” for training bachelors in the direction 44.03.04. Vocational training (by industry) is presented. Theoretically, it was revealed and experimentally proved that the electronic training courses developed on the basis of LMS Moodle significantly expand the possibilities for effective organization of independent work, increase the level of competitiveness of students of a modern university. The role and importance of various elements of the electronic educational environment are related: test tasks, glossary, questionnaires, lectures, seminars, wiki, databases, etc., while organizing an independent work of a competitive university student. A sufficiently high level of interactive learning in the electronic environment of LMS Moodle provides a variety of ways and forms of presentation of teaching materials, the possibility of modular structuring of course’s content, the creation of a personal-oriented educational route, comfort and confidentiality of training contribute to a significant increase in the level of competitiveness formation, activation of students' independent work.
THE MODEL OF FORMATION OF MATHEMATICAL COMPETENCE OF COLLEGE STUDENTS
Authors: Irina V. Nikolaeva; Dmitrii A. Krylov ;
The basis of the modernization of education laid competence-based approach, aimed at training professionals, competent in all areas, including mathematical, meeting the needs of modern society. Consequently, mathematical competence of the future specialist of middle level is to be formed while studying at the college, but at the same time the ways of its formation have not been determined yet. Moreover, this process is accompanied by a number of difficulties, among which the insufficient level of mathematical school traning, low motivation to learn, unconscious choice of specialty are. The purpose of this article is to establish the model of formation of mathematical competence of a college student in training of college students. Model presented in the article has some clear connection of elements, which implies a certain structure that reflects the inner, the essential relationship of reality and consists of four blocks. The main idea in the development of this model is professionally directed teaching of mathematics, whose implementation will let overcome the above mentioned difficulties and in complex to assess and adjust the process of formation of mathematical competence of college students. The analysis of the structure and content of the presented model allowed to identify pedagogical conditions, which must ensure the effectiveness of the formation of mathematical competence of future specialists of middle educational level through professionally directed teaching mathematics.
INTEGRATION IN THE SPHERE OF THE HIGHER EDUCATION: PREREQUISITES AND CONDITIONS
Authors: Irina B Stukalova ;
Our paper tackles the consideration of prerequisites and conditions of development of integration processes in the sphere of the higher education. Relevance of a subject is determined by the challenges of integration into the global educational environment facing Russia by means of the competition in the global educational market and export of Russian education. The purpose of the research is to research and classify the prerequisites and conditions of integration of the Russian system of higher education into global educational environment. The author generalized theoretical bases of internationalization, globalization and integration in education, having carried out the comparative analysis of a ratio of these terms. Historically and logically Internationalization precedes globalization, which is a result and the highest step of internationalization. Integration assumes development of the international cooperation in education at the state level and represents rapprochement of national educational systems. The author carried out a quantitative assessment of internationalization of the higher education by criterion of the academic mobility and demonstrated a low level of Russian university internationalization and poor involvement of Russian students into exchange processes. The author empirically proved that factors of a student's choice country and university influence on level of internationalization, and teaching language is one of the important factors determining foreign student's choice of a university and a country of study. The author concluded that the integration processes in the sphere of higher education are based on system-wide and specific (geopolitical, socio-economic and cultural-educational) prerequisites. They can be implemented through the creation of a system of appropriate conditions conducive to the development of integration processes; which, in turn, should be based on factors of student choice of the country, university and training program. Methods used by the author are deduction, quantitative and comparative-logical analysis.
STUDY OF LANGUAGE COMPETENCE OF SUBJECTS OF THE BILINGVAL ENVIRONMENT AND MODERN EDUCATIONAL INTERNET RESOURCES
Authors: Svetlana N. Fedorova ; Irina N. Аndreeva ; Vera I. Toktarova ;
The article analyzes the research of language competence of subjects of bilingual environment and modern educational Internet resources. The purpose of the work was to identify the level of language competence of future teachers, subjects of the bilingual environment. The main research methods are: theoretical analysis of literature on the research problem, survey, observation, testing, analysis of results. The work analyzes the concept of “language competence”, its structural components are singled out. The concepts that constitute phonological, lexical, grammatical, spelling competencies are considered. The approaches to the definition of the language competence of D. Heymz, M. N. Vyatyutneva, I. L. Bim, A. R. Arutyunova, and A. N. Shchukin are analyzed. The components of language competence are distinguished: knowledge (cognitive component) and skills (activity component), and conclusions are drawn that the language competence can be considered as knowledge of language units, the rules of their formation and use, and the ability to use them in the process of communication. The study presents the results of diagnostics to identify the level of language competence (phonological, lexical, grammatical and spelling) of the students of the Psychological and Pedagogical Faculty of the Mari State University as subjects of the bilingual environment. The results of testing according to the norms of the Russian language are analyzed in detail, since by the given diagnostic method the results turned out to be the worst of their three proposed diagnostic techniques. Typical mistakes made by bilinguals in Russian are noted and their occurrence, first of all, by sound-producing skills, stylistic formulation of speech of the native language is explained. The analysis of interactive programs and educational Internet resources aimed at studying the most popular European languages and studying the national languages of the peoples of Russia is given. The possibilities of the language virtual space in the correction of speech disorders and the increase of the level of the language competence of subjects of the bilingual environment are determined.
RESEARCH OF INTERRELATION OF MANAGEMENT STYLE OF THE LEADER WITH AN ORIENTATION OF THE IDENTITY OF EMPLOYEES
Authors: Tatyana N. Golovanova; Maria V. Belova;
The direction of personality predetermines the basic laws in human behavior and is considered to be the leading component of the personality structure. This is a certain system of the person's motivation for life (motives, goals, subjective attitude to the surrounding reality). The realization of one's own goals and motives comes to a person under the influence of the direction of the person and determines his/her behavior. The article is devoted to the relationship between the management style of the manager and the personal orientation of the employees. The research hypothesis is based on the assumption that there is a relationship between the management style of the leader and the personal orientation of the employees. The purpose of our research is identification of interrelation of management styles of the head with an orientation of the identity of employees. Management style of leaders has acted as an object of our research. Object of research is interrelation of management style of the leader with an orientation of the identity of employees. For achievement of a goal the following methods of collecting and the analysis of data were used: theoretical, empirical and statistical methods. Besides, diagnostic research with test was conducted. The sample of the study was 60 people of working age, working in organizations with different fields of activity. The qualitative and quantitative analysis of data has allowed to state lack statistically significant difference (p >0,05) of attitudes in the personality motivational drive state sphere of employees at an assessment by them of management style the organization. As a result of the conducted research, it has been established that both at democratic and at authoritative management styles the prevailing motivation is the motivation focused on success. Also in the course of carrying out statistical data processing significant interrelations in indicators of an orientation of the identity of employees have been revealed. At democratic management style a performance оrientation prevails. Тhe employees orientation toward the self and an external locus of control are more characteristic of authoritative style.
TO THE QUESTION OF PSYCHOLOGICAL READINESS OF TEACHERS FOR PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES IN THE CONTEXT OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION
Authors: Olga V. Danilova;
Introduction. The paper examines the theoretical aspects of the problem of realization of inclusive education in Russia at the present stage and the professional readiness of teachers to implementing the model of inclusive education in the Russian educational system. The results of a pilot study, aimed at evaluating the psychological readiness of teachers of general educational institutions to professional activities in conditions of inclusive education, are also presented in the paper. Materials and methods. The research is based on the idea of psychological readiness for professional activity as a structure, which includes motivational, cognitive and personal components. Listeners of courses of professional retraining on defectological directions – teachers of general education and teachers of preschool institutions acted as respondents. The method of data collection used in the study was the questionnaire survey, and qualitative and quantitative analysis was also used to study the data obtained. Results. The conducted research made it possible to reveal the features of the motivational, cognitive and personal aspects of the teachers' readiness, which make it possible to characterize the psychological readiness of teachers of general education institutions for professional activities in conditions of inclusive education as inadequate, and also to testify to the lack of significant professional competencies required for a specialist working In inclusive educational space among teachers. Discussions and Conclusions. In the light of the growing inclusive tendencies in the development of the modern domestic education system, the problem of the psychological readiness of teachers to work in an inclusive school is especially relevant, since it is one of the main conditions of the effectiveness of the pedagogical process, includ-ing inclusive education. The results of the research that are described in this article indicate the need for further study and development in this direction.
PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS AND LEVEL OF DEVELOPMENT OF CREATIVITY AS OBLIGATORY COMPONENT OF CREATIVE ACTIVITY OF THE TEACHER-DESIGNER
Authors: Aziza S. Iksanova ; Al'fiya R. Masalimova ; El'mira R. Khairullina ; Larianna Yu. Koroleva ;
The condition of working out of concept «creativity» in the modern psychological literature is analyzed and development components of creativity in creative activity of the teacher-designer are defined. Creativity is an integrative quality of the person which forms and defines creative process in all fields of activity. Proceeding from results of the analysis of this concept, such methods of research of the creative person of the future teacher-designer which give the chance to investigate all aspects which determine its formation in the course of training in high school and in the course of designing as the basic productive activity in design are picked up. The phenomenon of creativity in people for many centuries gave shade the mystic, the supernatural, seeing in the works and the personality traits of talented people the print of a finger of God or devil's claw. Modern scientific study of creative processes provides a comprehensive and systemic approaches to the study of creativity, analyze diverse subjects of creativity from the anthropoid apes to the brilliant scientists, artists, musi-cians, as well as create models of creative processes in trying to get artificial intelligence to think creatively. The article states that educators need to pay attention to the features of the person that should be formed for realization of creative activity of future specialist, because the conscious application of innovative technologies for the development of creativity is expected even at a basic level. If teachers and students continue to improve their qualities and abilities, we can hope that the graduates will be able to create their own technique of design, to talk about the effectiveness of training students in universities and this gives them a wide field for professional creative activities. Developing creativity requires the combination of many relevant factors, chief among which is the presence of the creative dominant purpose, which is implemented with the necessary qualities: knowledge, ownership, intellectual, creative and physical motor skills. Another prerequisite for development of creative abilities is the variety of forms and types of activities in which people are involved.
ANALYSIS OF FOREIGN STUDIES ON THE USE OF COMPUTER TECHNOLOGIES IN CORRECTIONAL AND EDUCATIONAL WORK WITH STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES
Authors: Elena F. Sayfutdiyarova; Lidiya F. Fatikhova ;
The article analyzes the results of the testing and introduction of computer technologies in the education system for persons with disabilities (PwD), since the 1980s, by foreign researchers (Australia, Great Britain, the United States, Spain, Korea, the Philippines and Sri Lanka). The authors make an attempt to identify the requirements for various types of computer educational programs for students with disabilities. The authors identified the advantages of using computer technologies in teaching students with disabilities, which include the possibility of implementing an individual approach, strengthening feedback, which is especially necessary in the repetition of the material passed, the possibility of increasing the concentration of students through visual and audio signals, etc. Various forms of computer technologies are actively developed and applied in the modern system of correctional education: presentations, training games, programs using 2D and 3D technologies that contain animation, sound and video support, which greatly facilitates and enriches the process of familiarizing students with developmental disabilities with new material. The authors of the article found that in many countries, despite the active implementation of a variety of computer technologies for teaching people with disabilities, there are problems associated with their high cost and inaccessibility both for teachers of special educational institutions and parents of children with disabilities. In addition, some computer programs do not always take into account the peculiarities of students in this category, since they are mostly developed by programmers who do not possess the necessary theoretical and methodological knowledge.
MARI’S TABOOS IN THE CONTEXT OF THE WEDDING CEREMONY
Authors: Lubov A. Abukaeva ;
The article is devoted to the researching Mari bans (ойöрö). The religious, ethical and aesthetic views of Mari people are reflected in brief form of bans. Until now, the behavior of the Mari people is mainly determined by bans in life and during the fulfilment of ritual observance, rituals. The bans related to the wedding ceremony, according to the views of the Mari, facilitate the transition to a new status, providing a harmonious family life, protecting the rights and freedoms of evil forces and spirits. The wedding ceremony performed an important social psychological function, ensuring the transition of young people to a new status. At this decisive moment in the life of the newly-weds, they could be faced with various dangers, which, according to the ideas of the Mari, came from evil spirits, sorcerers. That is why during the wedding, the regulations and prohibitions were observed. In addition, the bans, observed during the wedding ceremony, were called to create conditions for a happy future for a young family, to facilitate the transition of a bride from one family to another. With the prohibitions, the choice of the bride and groom begins: a strict ex-ogamy is observed. The bride at the wedding was forbidden to cry for fear that her whole life in marriage would pass in tears. Strictly forbidden it was to try on bride’s dress. It was believed that so it is possible to steal the happiness of a future family. The wedding dress was not worn afterwards, it was not given to anyone. The relatives should not dress up the bride out of fear that the bride will get sickl. The bride and groom should not look back when they go to the groom's house. One of the strictly observed is the prohibition to let anyone between the bride and groom pass. They believe that their life will deteriorate, they can divorce. The study draws attention to similar taboos of other Finno-Ugric peoples, as well as the peoples with which the Mari have contacted and continue to live in a good neighborhood (Russians, Modern Mari wedding as a folk-drama complex, although undergoing significant changes, but continues to be part of the national culture. Observance of prohibitions is an indicator that in the Mari wedding the religious beliefs of the people are reflected; Many elements of the wedding are given a mystical and symbolic meaning. Bashkirs, Tatars, Chuvashes).
SEMANTIC MODELS OF UNITS NOMINATING EMOTIONS IN ENGLISH PROFESSIONAL SUBLANGUAGES
Authors: Mariya I. Andreeva ; Marina I. Solnyshkina ;
The research aims to study semantic models of units that nominate fear (and its hyponyms), courage, and tran-quility in English professional sublanguages. 39 lexico-phraseological units provided the material of the research. The continuous sampling method was implied to elicit units under study from dictionaries. Semantic structure of the units was formed by analysis of dictionary entries and componential analysis (hereinafter CA). The structure was further described. Authors provide CA based on polysemantic unit and unit with one meaning under study. It is stated that emotive component (hereinafter EC) is present in literal and figurative meanings. Thus two semantic models were formed. Semes were marked as Em (Emotion), Pers (Person), Ac (Action), Caus (Causation) according to CA results. Seven names of emotional states constitute the core of the group under study. Nominations of person in state of emotion, actions, and causation factors are at the periphery. The research material was further classified in accordance with metaphoric models of meaning. Introduced models rest on (1) nomination of person in state of emotion, (2) causation, and (3) nomination of emotions. Three parameters appear to have similar sources of metaphorization, i. e. action, place, and force of nature.
THE ARTISTIC PRESENTATION OF THE HISTORICAL FIGURE IN A. PUDIN’S DRAMA “KANAZOR”
Authors: Yuri G. Antonov ; Yury A. Mishanin ;
The article analyzes the historical drama by A. Pudin “Kanazor”. The purpose of the study is to reveal the specific features of the author's interpretation of historical events of the early 13th century that had a significant impact on developing the Mordovian ethnos, to describe the features of creating main characters, whose prototypes are historical figures, and to describe the role of folklore elements as an important artistic component of constructing the plot and the characters, and of verbal expressive means. The author uses cultural-historical method to describe the specific features of the ethnic history artistic interpretation and the features of the national character that is the subject of analyzing in the work under study. The contextual and cultural principles of the hermeneutic method are also used to distinguish the ethnic cultural and historical component in the artistic construction of the character system of the dramatic work. The object of artistic comprehension in the drama is the historical figure and his or her deeds. The playwright, relying on true historical facts, artistically interprets an important stage in ethnic history. At the core of conflict presented in the dramatic work there are the figures of two Mordovian princes. To create them, the author uses historical facts, artistic fiction and elements of oral folk art. In the dramatic work, the characters of Puresh and Purgas are created in the context of historical circumstances. A. Pudin's play “Kanazor” considers the origins of the national identity formation through the means of imaginative literature and identifies the national specifics of developing a historical figure character that has had a certain impact on the development of the history of the Mordovian people. The dramatic work recreates the authentic atmosphere of the distant past through using not only true historical information, but also national folklore, which keeps many aspects of our ancestors’ life.
FUNCTIONAL-SEMANTIC ASPECTS OF VERBS OF MOTION IN THE ERZYA AND HUNGARIAN LANGUAGES (AS EXEMPLIFIED IN “MASTORAVA” EPIC)
Authors: Tat'iana P. Ariskina ; Natal'ia S. Popova;
The timeliness of the study is caused by the following factors: semantic fields of verbs of motion in the Erzya and Hungarian languages are currently understudied, they are not thoroughly described as a semantic-component system; there are almost few works dealing with functioning of verbs of motion in speech. Subject of research is the verbs of motion in the Erzya and Hungarian languages. The purpose of research is to make an integrated description of functional-semantic peculiarities of verbs of motion in the Erzya and Hungarian languages in a comparative perspective. The paper draws on definitional-semantical, semantic- component, semantic-syntactical, comparative methods. Theoretical and methodological background is composed of works devoted to the systematic study of meaningful components of the word’s symbolic meaning, to the revealing of lexical semantics through the notion of lexical-semantic variation, and also of works concerned with the study of semantic groups of verbs. The material for the analysis is presented by the verbs of motion used in “Mastorava” epic. This paper gives a through account of the verbs of motion in terms of their lexical-semantic properties and functioning. Structure of the semantic field of verbs of motion was revealed, their basic meanings clarified and categorised. Analysis of the use of verbs of motion in the text showed that they, as a rule, are determined by the context. Verbs of motion in the Erzya and Hungarian languages constitute a particular semantic field, in other words, lexical-semantic system based on the integral features of these verbs. Therefore, they can be considered as synonyms. List of verbs of motion (moving) is not exhaustive and always remains open, as any languages have many phrasal verbs of motion with the meaning of motion, moving in space, state changes, etc. Verbs of motion in the Erzya and Hungarian languages represent a microsystem, that is characterised by the systemic relationships along with a pronounced synonymic relations.
LINGUISTIC REPRESENTATION OF ANTI-RUSSIAN SENTIMENT IN THE ITALIAN MASSMEDIA POLITICAL TEXT
Authors: Elena L. Zaytseva ; Natalya V. Kirillova ; Alexey A. Pushkin ;
Introduction. In mass media, various aspects of interstate relations are reflected, which are of particular interest from the point of view of the language usage. It is universally accepted that the Western media system is free from the influence of state power on it, takes into account the opinions of all sectors of society, enjoys complete freedom of speech. As part of this system, the journalists of the Italian editions are considered to base on objectivity and political neutrality: they are not dependent on the influence of the party in power, they can draw their own conclusions based on logic and facts in the publications of any international events. Purpose. The purpose of this article is to analyze the language of political texts in the Italian press, traditionally considered to be free from political influence on it in the coverage of international events. Materials and methods. The articles from the publications of the Italian media “La Stampa”, “Corriere della sera”, “La Repubblica” for the years 2014–2017, devoted to Russia and, in particular, to the referendum in the Crimea have become material for the study. As far as linguistics is concerned, the referendum gives the opportunity to make up a general picture of the linguistic representation in the mass media language, the assessment of the referendum and possible stereotypes. Taking into account linguistic criteria, the authors divide the article into “pro-referendum” or “against the referendum”, identify the key words of the articles in accordance with the main themes through which the attitude to the referendum in the Italian press is manifested. Results. The analysis of linguistic facts establishes the quantitative predominance of articles “against the referendum” with politics being the dominant theme in the coverage of the referendum. Linguistic facts also show the key expressions in the Italian press during the coverage of events related to Russia. Discussion and Conclusions. The authors come to the conclusion that Italian political media texts unilaterally interpret such a global event as the Crimean referendum, including distortion of the facts, reflecting the language practices of Western and Ukrainian politicians as being against the referendum with discrete Russian quotations speaking for the referendum. Italian sources omit or even distort the real pro-causes for the referendum which suggests the conscious and targeted creation and consolidation of a negative image of Russia in the Italian press. Keywords: political text, Italian media, Italian language, global event, unilateral, Russia, Western politicians.
AUTHOR, POETIC REALITY, ARTISTRY (ON THE MATERIAL OF RUSSIAN POETRY OF MARI EL)
Authors: Igor P. Karpov; Mariya V. Sairanova ;
The purpose of this study is correlating of the concepts “author”, “astrology”, “poetic reality”, “artistry” in their focus on the analysis of a literary or artistic work. Science about the author (astrology) comes from understanding the author as the subject of literary activities and literary work is understood as the objectification of the existential forces of the writer. A poetic reality is the internal form of literary works. Poetic reality is its structure: the external level which is the highlight of the image (the verbal-subjective organization, the form of the narrative); the inner level, which can be considered as the event depicted (“worldview”). The author in relation to the poetry of reality is the organizer of two levels: shows the “pattern of life” is both a “picture” of its poetic expression. Artistry as the quality of a literary or artistic work depends on the structure of poetic reality, the individual abilities of the author, the author's poetic vision of the world. The research centers on the poetic works of Russian poets of the Republic of Mari El. The author uses the method of autologous analysis of the text, comes to the conclusion about the dependence of the quality of a literary or artistic work of following the laws of poetic reality, and the skills of the author to present in his work a coherent picture of existence. Basic theoretical principles are confirmed by the analysis of poems of the poet-lover and the poet-professional. In the first case, the text objectified personality, the everyday perception of the world, expressed in the common statement, in the second case, objectified the poetic expressed in a metaphorical statement. This understanding of the studied concepts allows classifying texts on the basis of artistry, thus, a more reasonable approach to the selection of texts to build a history of Russian literature, including the history of Russian poetry in the Republic of Mari El.
TRADITIONS AND INNOVATION IN THE CHUVASH LITERATURE OF THE XXI CENTURY: SOME ASPECTS OF THE PROBLEM
Authors: Al'bina F. Myshkina ;
A look at the path covered and summarizing the results obtained, contributing to the identification of future prospects, is the natural process of any science. Bridging the intermediate conclusions is a definite necessity for moving forward. Considering all this, the author of the article set a goal to sum up the scientific researches of young Chuvash literary critics of the last decade (O. G. Vladimirova, G. G. Ilyina, I. Yu. Kirillova, A. F. Myshkina, I. V. Sofronova, E. R. Yakimova, etc.) and to outline the ways of their further research, as well as to identify poorly studied issues of modern Chuvash literary criticism. Naturally, within the framework of one scientific article there is no possibility to cover the whole range of contemporary literary works. Therefore, to determine the volume of the material being studied, a certain selection of works is made, based on the subjective vision of the author of the relevance and further prospects of one or another research direction, a specific scientific article. Nevertheless, this approach gives a sufficient idea of the scientific interests of the Chuvash literary critics of the 21st century. As scientific research methods, analysis and sampling have been chosen that contribute to the most complete solution of the intended goal of the article. The result of the analysis is the author's generalizations on the range of contemporary literary problems, among which are: the study of the poetics of an individual writer, the comparative analysis of regional literatures, the search for genetic typologies and aesthetic parallels between Chuvash and other Turkic literatures, the solution of the problem of preparing the history of Chuvash literature of the last century , general aesthetic and ethnic elements (philosophy, world outlook, psychology, people's mentality) national artistic literature, etc.
SOME ASPECTS OF THE CHUVASH ORIENTAL STUDIES IN THE WORKS OF V. ABRAMOV
Authors: Irina V. Sofronova ;
In this study the aim is to examine the scientific work of the Chuvash literary critic Valentin Alexandrovich Abramov (1958–2012), in which he explores as a manifestation of the Eastern mentality in the works of certain authors and influence the whole of Eastern classics Chuvash literature in General. Here for the first time purposefully addresses the issues of the Chuvash Oriental studies in the scientific activities of a particular academic. Material for analysis was a scientific article named researcher. The method of research was elected analysis, sampling, classification. Scientific research V. A. Abramov, lead to the conclusion that the Eastern traditions are used among Chuvash poets and writers subconsciously. Other authors specifically refer to samples of Oriental literature, as they have the makings of Eastern mentality. Researcher V. A. Abramov for a more accurate explanation of features of the artwork, the characters, the philosophical thoughts of the author uses knowledge of Chuvash world and Eastern culture. A scientist builds its conclusions based on the study of features of the landscape lyrics Y. Ohsay, love lyrics P. Huzangay, liro-epic K. Ivanov. In result of the conducted research the author concludes that the literary scholar and critic V. A. Abramov, to some extent abandons the principles of Western literary theory comes in favor of the national literary theory. He was one of the first in the national the science of literature 1980–2000s points to the need of studying the peculiarities of the Chuvash literature through the Eastern perspective.
SOME ASPECTS OF COMPARATIVE STUDIES IN THE WORKS OF N. A. ASHMARIN
Authors: Irina V. Sofronova ;
The purpose of this research paper is to study folklore and literary works by N. A. Ashmarin, which use methods and techniques of comparative literature. The material for the analysis became those works of the scientist (“Introduction to the Chuvash folk literature,” “the Golden Echoes of antiquity in folk beliefs of the Chuvash,” “a Few words about the modern literature of the Kazan Tatars,” etc.), which aims to identify genetic, typological, historical community in the folklore texts and literature of peoples of the Volga region. As research method the analysis, classification, description and generalization were used. The analysis revealed that the scientist was one of the first in the Volga region in the study of folk songs used in the functional method. N. A. Ashmarin takes into account the importance of studying the content of the verbal text, in conjunction with national culture. Comparing song lyrics of neighbouring and kindred peoples, the scientist comes to the conclusion that Chuvash and Tatar peoples have a historical and genetic affinity; the folklore of the Turkic peoples had a fruitful influence on the literature of the Finno-Ugric of the Volga region. In his opinion, the Tatar intermediation in the Chuvash language arts penetrate the ideals of Islamic culture, and through the Russian – Christian culture. In the scientific works of N. A. Ashmarin characterizing the development of the Tatar literature, he emphasizes the traditions of the Turkish and other Muslim literatures, the role of art works in the spread of enlightenment ideas among the other Turkic peoples. Some typological Parallels the scientist observes in the works of Tatar (F. Karim, Z. Hadi, G. Ishaki) and French (G. de Maupassant), and the artistic means used by the decadents of the West and in the texts of Chuvash songs. In conclusion the author concludes that the methods and techniques of comparative literature allowed N. A. Ashmarin to prove the Turkic origin of the Chuvash people, to explain the reasons for the impact of the traditional Oriental culture on the Chuvash.
THE SEMANTIC RELATIONS EXPRESSED BY THE CONDITIONAL FORM OF THE VERB IN THE TURKIC LANGUAGES
Authors: Leniza G. Habibullina ;
Introduction. Modern linguistic science is interested in the semantic side of the linguistic facts, structural-semantic study of certain relations. The complexity of separating the different semantic relations in the Turkic languages is associated primarily with the fact that the same formal parameters (means of communication) can be used to express multiple values and the same semantics is able to representative different means. So, the con-ditional form is -sa (directly is the formal index of conditionality) can be used in constructions that express various semantic relations. The aim of this study is to identify the semantic relations expressed by the form of the condi-tional mood of the verb on the material of the Turkic languages. To achieve this goal assumes the following tasks: to study the semantics of the conditional mood of the verb in ancient monuments; to identify models of the conditional in the Turkic languages; to analyze the structural and semantic peculiarities of the constructions with the form of the conditional mood of the verb. The study was conducted using the conceptual apparatus of modern theories of linguistic categories and of ideas about the role and functions of conditional form of the verb as in the system of organization of language and context. Materials and methods. Material for research was brought from the ancient monuments, small genres of Turkic folklore, speaking. During the work were applied methods of linguistic description, modeling and transformation analysis. Results. In the study it was found that temporal and causal relations are expressed the most commonly with forms of the conditional mood of the verb, which is a specialized tool of representation of conditionality, the structural-semantic conditional relations manifest themselves with temporal and causal relations actively. Discussion and Conclusions. Prospects for further research of the problem is seen in the creation of modern semantic theories of syntax of Turkic languages.
BASIC METAPHORICAL MODELS OF THE CONCEPTUAL SPHERE “LAW” IN THE AMEICAN PAROEMIC DISCOURSE
Authors: Svetlana L. Yakovleva ;
The description of specific metaphorical models is one of the perspective trends in modern cognitive linguistics. The man prefigures the model of situation and specific fragment of the world in his consciousness with the help of the language and the metaphor, being a phenomenon both linguistic and cognitive, helps him to create a new way of representing an object. Thus it creates a specific national paroemic picture of the world which can be presented as an integrated communicative and cognitive space. The objective of the article is to analyse the verbalization of the conceptual sphere law in the paroemic view of the world by American people. The verbali-zation of the conceptual sphere law is analyzed with the help of a systemic approach. During the research both linguistic and cognitive methods were used. The analysis of the frame structure of metaphorical models allows revealing characteristic frames and slots typical of each model to find out specific features of the world concep-tualization by the American people and its system of values.
MARSU FOLKLORE ARCHIVE: NEW FORMS OF MATERIAL PRESENTATION
Section: INNOVATIVE PROJECTS
Authors: Наталья Игоревна Ефимова ; Татьяна Аркадьевна Золотова ; Е. А. Плотникова; В. И. Токтарова;
В настоящее время преподаватели и сотрудни-ки МарГУ работают над созданием электронной ба¬зы данных по фольклору РМЭ в виде двух уров-ней в зависимости от характера имеющегося материала, степени его сохранности, научной и социальной значимости: 1) полнотекстовой базой данных для исследований в области фольклористики; в основе ее – строго выверенные с научной точки зрения коллекции вербальных текстов, в том числе обря¬довых, с включением аутентичных аудио- и видеоматериалов (северо-восток РМЭ); 2) базой данных в виде виртуальных музеев фольклора. В процессе создания данного уровня сохраняется научный подход к формированию коллекций, но добавляются элементы, связанные с возможностью коммерческого их использования, а именно – демонст¬ра¬ции туристам, наравне с артефактами культуры районов (ареал марийского Поволжья). Оформление материалов обоих уровней базы данных осу¬ществляется на высоком техническом уровне, с ис¬пользованием элементов современного дизайна
ДИСКУССИЯ О ДИСКУРСЕ: СОВРЕМЕННЫЕ ПОДХОДЫ И НАПРАВЛЕНИЯ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЯ
Authors: Флёра Яхиятовна Хабибуллина ;
Значимым событием в научной жизни отечест-вен¬ных и зарубежных исследователей, занимаю-щихся актуальными проблемами дискурса, явился специальный выпуск журнала «Вестник Российского университета дружбы народов» (том 20, № 4 (2016), посвященный вопросам дискурс-анализа и современ¬ного состояния исследований в области политического дискурса.
РЕЦЕНЗИРУЕМЫЕ НАУЧНЫЕ ЖУРНАЛЫ. ТРЕБОВАНИЯ ДЛЯ АВТОРОВ
Authors: Елена Валентиновна Кондратенко ; О. С. Крылова;
Уважаемые авторы, решением Президиума Высшей аттестационной комиссии Минобрнауки России научный журнал «Вестник Марийского государственного университета» ISSN 2072-6783 6.06.2017 г. включен в Перечень рецензируемых научных изданий, в которых должны быть опубликованы основные научные результаты диссертаций на соискание ученой степени кандидата наук, на соискание ученой степени доктора наук. Искренне поздравляем и благодарим вас за сотрудничество и активное участие в нашем общем деле!