- VESTNIK 3(18)/2015
- Date publication on the site:
- 2015-10-30 09:38:49
- Full journal in PDF:
Content all 22
THEORY OF SPEECH AS THE BASIS OF PEDAGOGICAL RHETORIC
UDC: УДК 372.8
Authors: Olesya Viktorovna Aref'eva ; Svetlana Aleksandrovna Aref'eva ;
The article considers the issues related to the theoretical basis of pedagogical rhetoric as an academic discipline, which the theory of speech is. The aim of the article is to reveal the multidimensional nature of the discipline “Pedagogical rhetoric”, focused on the formation of communicative competence and speech culture of a future teacher, for the acceptance by the students of the system of norms and rules of speech behavior in the future professional activity, regulating the relations of a teacher with his colleagues, students and their parents; to prove the importance of the theory of speech as a core component of the contents of pedagogical rhetoric for the development of professionally important personal qualities that are necessary for successful professional activity. The article defines the problems of studying the theory of speech as an integral part of pedagogical rhetoric aimed at the formation of communicative competence of learners; substantiates the effectiveness of competence-based approach in the process of training i n pedagogical rhetoric; reveals the contents of the course of pedagogical rhetoric, all the themes of which are permeated with the speech aspect; examines the relationship of the theory of speech with the related Sciences (linguistics, psychology, pedagogy, sociolinguistics, communication theory, stylistics, etc.), caused both by the goals of professional preparation of a future teacher, and by the contents of this discipline; describes the contribution of domestic and foreign scientists to the formation and development of the theory of speech and pedagogical rhetoric. In the end of the article there is a conclusion about the significance of the theory of speech for the purpose of formation of professional speech of a future teacher when studying pedagogical rhetoric in the process of professional training at the University.
TO THE QUESTION OF THE METHODS OF CORRECTION OF THE CONDITIONS OF STRESS
UDC: УДК 37.015.33
Authors: Svetlana Borisovna, Askalonova ;
This article is devoted to the methods of correction of the conditions of stress during difficult adaptation of students on the first and second courses at the University. The phenomenon of stress unites in itself a wide range of difficult i n its nature phenomena: psycho-physiological, personal, social. The regulations about a stress and a general adaptation syndrome were formulated for the first time by the prominent Canadian scientist H. Selye. For many students high requirements of the educational process of a higher educational institution quite often gain the character of injuring factors. The period of difficult adaptation of the students is followed by the considerable tension of the regulation systems of an organism and by the growth of pathology. The possibility of using the experience of holding the actions of the preventive character, the therapy by art or art therapy is shown in the article. The physiological influence of art therapy is in the fact that creative activity promotes differentiation of ideomotoric acts, and also the improvement of coordination and restoration of movements. The application of a doll-therapy in the correctional work of the personality promotes the establishment of an emotional contact, the removal of an emotional tension, the development of mental processes, the expanding of the outlook about the world around, the prevention of dezadaptivny behavior. The purpose of the discipline “The stress and psychological protection of the personality” is the formation of the students’ scientific-practical ideas of a stress and its influence on the person’s psychology in the modern world. This course provides the performance of creative tasks: the production of a fantastic soft toy according to children's drawings, of relaxation toys of various forms and sizes using various fillers, the production of Tilde’s dolls, etc. The mobilization of the creative potential of the person helps to overcome the stressful tension, apathy, shows great opportunities of the person and promotes the affirmation of an individual way of life in the world. Just in the course of the solution of educational tasks the creative development of the student’s personality, of the future expert-professional is successfully carried out.
INNOVATIVE METHODS OF ARTICULATION EXERCISES WITH PRESCHOOL CHILDREN
UDC: УДК 373.2:81’342.22
Authors: Elena Vladimirovna Druzhinina ;
This article reflects the innovative techniques of articulation exercises with preschool children. Overcoming zvukoproiznoshenija disorders at preschool age is very important in later life of the child. The most important area is the development of speech therapy work articulating motor through articulation exercises. In addition to traditional classroom forms of articulation exercises we use bioenergoplastiku. Bioenergoplastika – this compound movements articulation device with the movements of the hand. Principle bioenergoplastiki – conjugate work the fingers and hands and articulation apparatus, hand movements mimic the movements of the vocal apparatus. Bioenergoplastika includes 6 stages discounts. Bioenergoplastika optimizes the psychological basis of speech, improves the chances of the child in all respects, promotes correction zvukoproiznoshenija, phonemic processes.
PRACTICAL ACTIVITIES OF STUDENTS AND THEIR CREATIVE SELF-REALIZATION
Authors: Yuliya Olegovna Zubkova ; El'mira Robertovna Khairullina;
Competences formation of future professionals demands inclusions them in practical activities. Development of students practical activities to the creative level of self-realization for ensuring efficiency of competences formation is shown in article.
USING MODERN METHODS IN THE LEARNING PROCESS AS BASES OF ACTIVIZATION CREATIVE COGNITIVE ACTIVITY
Authors: Andrei Sergeevich Kalyanov ; Evgenii Stepanovich Koshkalov ; Mariya Vladislavovna Ogrina ; Sergei Konstantinovich Savitskii ; Natal'ya Nikolaevna Savitskaya ; Natal'ya Nikolaevna Ustinova ; Sergei Leonidovich Khaustov ;
Article represents the author's reflections on the use of co-temporal methods in the learning process as the basis of activation of creative cognitive activity.
GAME TECHNOLOGY IN THE CHILDREN'S PUBLIC ASSOCIATIONS
Authors: Anna Alekseevna Lyzhina ;
The article deals with the problem faced by the caregiver of children's public associations – collective games children prefer more information technology. The development of new gaming technology teacher in preschool education – the key to successful resolution of the problem of development of the child. In the conditions of realization of Federal state educational educating of children is produced in a game, a game makes basic maintenance of life of child of preschool age and is his activity. She activates a mind and will of child, deeply affects his feelings, promotes the vital functions of organism, assists physical development.
PREPARATION OF MUSEUM SPECIALIST AT THE UNIVERSITY: RUSSIAN EXPERIENCE AND THE BEGINNING OF ITS IMPLEMENTATION AT THE MARY STATE UNIVERSITY
Authors: Marina Sewrgeevna Mamontova ; Sergei Konstantinovich Svechnikov ;
In the article the questions of the content of Museum education, and also examined the organization of the educational process for bachelors “Museology and protection of cultural and natural heritage” of the Department of socio-cultural technologies the Mary State University.
FEATURES STRINKASTING TECHNOLOGY AT TRAINING FUTURE TEACHERS OF COMPUTER SCIENCE PROGRAMMING
Authors: Petr Vladimirovich Nikitin ; Viktor Grigor'evich Vasil'ev ;
The article deals with the preparation of future teachers of computer science programming based on the developed electronic educational resources «Programming». One of the priority directions of development of a modern system of education is a continuous improvement process of preparation of students, including through the introduction in the educational process of new information technologies. Use of information technology opens up new possibilities for improving the quality and efficiency of the learning process, and to expand its scope. In this regard, urgent is the development of adequate modern ideas of education concepts construction and use of computer-based training tools, in particular electronic educational resources are designed to help teachers and students in the educational process. In the article the basic problems of the organization of teaching students the section “Programming”, which is one of the most difficult in the training of future teachers of computer science; describes ways to solve these problems with the use of electronic educational resources developed. Electronic educational resources allows students to view the video tutorial for the study of a particular programming language, laboratory work, additional material (advanced lab work), as well as additional software and recommended literature. Also in the article describes the capabilities of the technology screencasting (a technology that allows to transmit the video stream to a wide audience with a record of what is happening on your computer), the analysis software, allowing to carry out the technology, are the criteria of the programs reviewed, made recommendations to users. In addition, the experimental results that prove the positive impact of implementation on the basis of technology developed screencasting electronic educational resources on the quality of student learning programming.
STUDY AND PRESERVATION OF FOLK TRADITIONS AND EXPERIENCE OF FOLK ARTS AND CRAFTS TECHNOLOGY IN THE CLASSROOM
Authors: Tat'yana Ivanovna Polevshchikova ;
The study and preservation of folk traditions and experience of folk arts and crafts have to start with students from the first class. That class arts and crafts crafts contribute to the development of creativity, open the way to self-expression, evoke imagination, bring taste, spiritually enriching. Proficiency in one way or another craft – is the advantage that in the future will give a chance to self-employment.
PROBLEMS OF LABOR EDUCATION IN MODERN SCHOOLS
Authors: Lyudmila Grigor'evna Filippova ;
The article deals with the problems of labor education in modern schools and their solutions.
CLASSIFICATIONS OF SYNTACTIC MISTAKES IN LINGUISTIC AND METHODICAL LITERATURE
Authors: Tat'yana Anatol'evna Khristolyubova ;
This article is devoted to the problem of classification of syntactic mistakes in linguistic and methodical literature. Syntactic mistakes as a kind of grammar ones are considered in N. N. Algazina, S. A. Arefyeva, M. T. Baranov, S. N. Tseitlin’s works and the works of other researchers. Some types of syntactic mistakes are studied in more detail, others – less. The classification of syntactic mistakes is presented in the fullest form in the works of N. N. Algazina and S. A. Arefyeva. The analysis of literature on a problem of syntactic mistakes allows to come to a conclusion that the majority of works is devoted to mistakes in government. The fullest classification of mistakes in government is G. A. Fomicheva's classification. The mistakes in agreement are considered in the works of N. M. Belyankova, L. Varkovitskaya, L. V. Trebukhovskaya and others. A. P. Yeremeyeva and G. I. Mishurova describe syntactic mistakes in the sentences complicated by homogeneous parts in detail. A. P. Yeremeyeva's classification deserves attention. The mistakes in the violation of sentence limits, the reasons which lead to it, are studied by L. P. Aleksenko, N. M. Belyankova and others. At the same time some researchers, for example, O. E. Gaybaryan and A. V. Kuznetsova, M. Ya. Kryuchkova, use the concepts “violation of sentence limits” and “parceling” as synonyms. The mistakes in a word order are described in the works of L. I. Velichko, B. S. Muchnik, Z. D. Popova, O. B. Sirotinina and others. At the same time scientists differentiate the mistakes in a word order as the violation of the norms of both syntax and stylistics. The issue of the qualification of mistakes connected with the omission of sentence parts is solved ambiguously. So, some researchers refer the omissions of words to logical mistakes, others – to syntactic ones. Besides, some scientists refer to syntactic mistakes the mistakes made by children when they do the syntactic analysis of sentences. Thus, the prevention and overcoming of grammar mistakes in the speech of pupils has to rely on the pedagogical forecasting of possible grammar mistakes of pupils of a certain age on the basis of the accounting of the features of formation of a grammar system of their speech by the acquaintance of pupils with the types of grammar mistakes. The classification of morphological and syntactic mistakes constructed according to the studied grammar subjects of a school course of the Russian language is needed for these purposes.
ON THE PROBLEM OF FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE OF THE TEACHER DURING TEACHING PRACTICE
Authors: Rimma Geselevna Chulkova ;
The problem of formation of professional competence. The purpose of research – to determine the pedagogical conditions most conducive to the formation of professional competence of students – future teachers. The study is an analysis of the survey results of students IV and V courses for mastering pedagogicheskimi competencies before and after teaching practice. A particular challenge for the ability of students to make a plan called educational events and training sessions, the ability to combine the organization of individual and collective activity in the classroom. The author concludes that the basic condition of formation of professional competence during the teaching practice is to strengthen the application, the practical nature of all higher pedagogical education, the use of interactive teaching.
THE SOURCES OF TRANSFERRED MEANINGS IN THE SEMANTIC STRUCTURE OF COMPOUND NAMES OF ANIMALS AND PLANTS IN ENGLISH
Authors: Tat'yana Petrovna Astankova ;
The article is devoted to a comparative study of the sources of transferred meanings in the semantic structure of compound names of animals and plants. The linguistic material for analysis was selected from Webster’s New World Dictionary of the American Language. The author analyzed the definitions of compounds in order to find out the models of metaphorical and metonymic composition and the features of animals and plants that the transferred meanings are based on. The author comes to the conclusion that derivational metaphor is more active than derivational metonymy in both the groups. In some cases these processes may interact. The role of the models of metaphorical composition is different in the analyzed groups of compounds. The metaphorical meanings of most compound names of animals are the result of the so-called “incomplete metaphorization”, when the referent of the second component of a compound is compared to that of its first component. As a rule, animals are compared to other animals or objects. While “incomplete metaphorization” is also active in the formation of compounds denoting plants, in many cases the derivational base of names of plants is fully metaphorized. The metaphorization of this group of compounds is usually based on similarity between plants and animals or plants and objects. The number of metonymic compounds in both the groups is about the same. In most cases the second component of a compound denotes a part of an animal’s body or that of a plant and the first component points to one of its characteristic features. The interaction of metaphorical and metonymic transference of meaning is much more frequent in the formation of compounds denoting plants.
“SERVANTS OF AN OLD AGE” BY I. GONCHAROV: THE POETICS OF COMPOSITION IN THE ASPECT OF THE SPACE-TIME POINT OF VIEW
Authors: Gul'zada Gadul'yanovna Bagautdinova ;
The concept of the composition is considered in the article as the relation or the location of any parts of the work (the external composition). It corresponds with the narrative structure of the work, that is, with bearers of various “points of view” (“internal” composition). The author examines the composition of the “Servants of an old age” by I. Goncharov in the aspect of space-time “point of view”. This theory was developed by B. Uspensky. According to the author, compositional device of “point of view” is a structure-forming principle of the artistic whole.
VERBS OF MOVEMENT IN THE NOVEL S. G. CHAVAIN “ELNET”
Authors: Lyudmila Ivanovna Bartseva ; Lydia Sidorovna Matrosova ; Nina Anatoljevna Muzurova;
In this paper, based on the novel by S. Chavain “Elnet” discusses verbs of motion associated with common denotative component of the movement of the subject in space, not expressing the value of impact on the object. In order to ensure consistency, comprehensiveness of presentation of verbs of motion, reliance is placed on their categories of orientation, spatial displacement, movement of vehicles on the nature of the velocity, each of which, in turn, is specified to more private events.
HOME IN BORIS PASTERNAK’S PROSE
Authors: Olga Sergeevna Berezina ;
The novel “Doctor Zhivago” and the correspondence between B. Pasternak and M. Tsvetaeva, representatives of the same generation, well-known aristocratic birth descendants, are used as a base for catching the importance of home for the writer. Biographical details, most thoroughly reflected in the Pasternak’s epistolary prose, give a clue to understanding many pages of the writer’s art. The letters demonstrate the real life of this era. B. Pasternak praised traditions of home and family and gave a key role to play to relationships with the closest. The problem of home and family is widely represented in “Doctor Zhivago”. According to D. Likhachev, this work is a kind of autobiography. However, depicting the contemporary generation of “fatherless” in the novel, Pasternak himself did not belong to him. Social upheavals did not have such a destructive impact on his life. Russia had changed beyond recognition with the advent of the revolution. As a result of social upheavals, relationships between the closest became sag and lost. Pasternak did not accept the revolution; he came to the conclusion that the renovation of life destroys its fundamental bases. Pasternak depicts in his novel the generation of his peers who have inherited the spiritual richness of the XIXth century, but live in a terrible turn of time. So he realizes family and home atmosphere has a direct impact on human life. The events, reflected in the novel, are represented not in quite traditional manner – through the prism of childhood. The syncretism of experience, of perception, of memory allows to discuss the immediate implementation of the idea of “transformation” in Pasternak's novel as a dramatic, theatrical or musical performance. The extensive use of figurative symbolism, methods of psychologism (through the description of the paintings of nature), internal monologues and prolonged conversations of characters is of great value to reconstruct the image of the house in the novel by Boris Pasternak.
EVOLUTION OF VERBAL MARKERS IN CALENDAR AND RITUAL LYRICS (ON THE MATERIAL OF ‘TAUSENEVYE’ SONGS OF THE VOLGA REGION)
Authors: Tat'yana Arkad'evna Zolotova ;
The article introduces separate tendencies of evolution of traditional (folklore) culture of the Volga region in the second half of the 20-th century. Main attention is paid to regional examples of winter calendar and ritual lyrics (‘tausenevye’ songs). The author shows ways and mechanisms of their transformation under the influence of wedding ‘velichalnye’ songs and comes to the conclusion about selecitivity and appropriateness of the process. The article is made on the material collected by the author during folklore expeditions and/or kept in archives of scientific and educational institutions of the Volga region and published in scholarly collections of texts and descriptions.
AUTHOROLOGY (REFLECTIONS ON CITATION INDEX)
Authors: Igor' Petrovich Karpov;
The article is dedicated to the entry of the authorology into contemporary literature, to the use and application of authorological notions. The author have observed the phenomenon of citation of his works over the last decade, coming to the conclusion that the author as the subject of activity plays the central role in the authorology, being at the center of discussion of a wide range of the scientific community members.
MEDIA AS A FACTOR OF INTERCULTURAL DIALOGUE IN THE RISK SOCIETY AND JOURNALISM EDUCATION
Authors: Ol'ga Nikolaevna Savinova ;
The article considers theoretical and methodological issues of intercultural communication in the researches of domestic and foreign authors; examines the role of the media in establishing dialogue and harmony in the modern society; notes the tendency, when consecutive appearance of negative articles in the media has a cumulative effect and can influence of people's judgments; analyzes the approaches to the risk management existing in this process; reveals the trends of ethnic and confessional discourse and summarizes the university's experience in the training of journalists in the center of multicultural and multireligious Volga Federal District, including international collaboration experience of Journalism Department of Lobachevsky State University (Nizhny Novgorod) and Faculty of Media and Journalism of Volda University College (Norway) in this sphere.
LINGUISTIC REPRESENTATION OF SUPERSTITIONS IN THE RITE OF RUSSIAN WEDDING
Authors: Ekaterina Evgen'evna Fliginskikh;
The article presents the analysis of Russian superstitions connected with the wedding ritual. The author accentuates four peaks, each consisting of slots and subslots. Peak 1 “Omens” includes slots “Wedding to Come” and “No Wedding”. Peak 2 “Wedding Day” contains slots “Wedding Planning”, “Wedding Ceremony”, “Wedding Customs”, “Wedding Banquet”. Peak 3 “Appearance” consists of slots “Bridal Dress”, “Bridal Veil”, “Wedding Jewellery”, “Colours”, “Shoes”, “Wedding Talismans”. In Peak 4 “Good/Bad Luck Signs” the author distinguishes slots “Nature”, “Animals”, “Household Articles”, “Actions”. A lot of superstitions with apatropaic (protecting) function were found.
LOOKING PERSON IN A. KUPRINA'S STORIES “DUEL”
Authors: Inna Gennad'evna Chesnokova ;
A. P. The image of the main hero of a story of A. Kuprina “Duel” is considered, the dialectics is shown it(him) “oppress”. Ромашов it is submitted as the person looking, doubting, inherited from epoch of the beginning of XX century sensation of impassability and confusion. Specificity of the image of such hero Kuprinym is revealed.
LEXICAL UNITS AS THE RESULT OF SEMANTIC CHANGES OF AFRO-AMERICAN ENGLISH
Authors: Svetlana Leonidovna Yakovleva ; Svetlana Viktorovna Mureeva ;
The article considers lexical units borrowed by Afro-American English from the American variant of the English language and being formed with the help of semantic shift or transfer of meaning.