VESTNIK 4 (52) 2023

VESTNIK 4 (52) 2023
Date publication on the site:
2023-12-29 15:33:07
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Formation of research competencies of junior schoolchildren based on TRIZ
UDC: 373.3
Authors: Tatiana M. Anisimova; Elena V. Maltseva;
Introduction. In the modern world, great importance is attached to the development of inventive thinking and research competencies of junior schoolchildren. The purpose of the study is to implement the organizational and pedagogical conditions for the formation of research competencies of junior schoolchildren based of TRIZ. Materials and methods. In the course of the study, methods of theoretical analysis, testing, questioning, survey, and observation were used. Results, discussion. The significance of TRIZ technology for primary school students is determined, the objectives of the experimental part of the study are formulated, diagnostic methods are selected, criteria and indicators of the formation of research competence of junior schoolchildren are reflected. The results of the study are presented taking into account the following criteria: motivational-personal, intellectual-creative, cognitive and effective-operational, a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the research results is presented. The results obtained by us during the ascertaining stage of the experiment made it possible to conclude that the majority of respondents showed a low and medium level of formation of research skills and abilities, which indicates the need to work in this direction. The organizational and pedagogical conditions and the results of their implementation in the process of developing research competencies in junior schoolchildren through the implementation of scientific circles based on TRIZ technology are determined. The developed software and methodological support for conducting a scientific circle based on TRIZ technology; the availability of an educational website for teachers, students and their parents; the organization and conduct of pedagogical monitoring; the organization of methodological support for teachers of an educational organization in the field of TRIZ is aimed at increasing the level of development of research competencies of junior schoolchildren. The article presents a description of each of the conditions and planned activities for the implementation of organizational and pedagogical conditions. Conclusion. The results of the study on the development of research competencies of junior schoolchildren based on TRIZ are summed up, and the practical significance of this study is determined.
Interactive methods in teaching Russian to foreign students
UDC: 378.14
Authors: Ilkhamia I. Galimzyanova; Irina V. Vyatkina; Svetlana A. Arefeva;
Introduction. Interactive methods of teaching Russian as a foreign language make it possible to intensify the learning process, as a result of which students develop the skills necessary to communicate in various communicative situations. The goal is to highlight interactive methods of teaching Russian as a foreign language, necessary for language proficiency, both in everyday and professional interaction for the development and formation of communicative, speech and intercultural competencies. Materials and methods. The article uses such methods as the analysis and study of pedagogical literature on the problem of teaching Russian as a foreign language, and our own experience of teaching foreign students. Research results, discussion. The use of interactive methods enriches students’ speech with professional terminology, makes the learning process cognitive and professionally oriented. Interactive teaching methods stimulate students’ cognitive activity, develop their creative abilities and professionally oriented skills that are close to real conditions. It is precisely because of this that interactivity is of such great importance in learning Russian as a foreign language. Conclusion. The use of innovative forms and methods of teaching makes it possible to move from a traditional educational system to a more modern and effective teaching model. The use of modern information technologies in education, such as online platforms, multimedia materials, interactive tasks, etc., makes it possible to expand the accessibility of education, adapt training to the individual needs of students and create convenient conditions for learning anywhere and at any time. All this together helps to implement a new educational system that will better meet modern requirements and needs of students, as well as prepare them for successful professional activity in a rapidly changing world. Interactive teaching methods have great potential for transforming and improving the educational system and ensuring the success of students’ futures.
Preparing future primary school teachers for the development and implementation of a research lesson
UDC: 373.3:37.016
Authors: Nadezhda D. Glizerina ; Elena V. Maltseva; Svetlana A. Arefeva;
Introduction. The article is devoted to the problem of preparing primary school teachers for the development and conduct of a research lesson. The importance of the formation of research skills of primary school students in accordance with the third generation of the Federal State Educational Standards is substantiated. The structure of the research lesson, as well as the algorithm for its construction, is presented. The article reveals the concepts of “research”, “research activities”, “research skills”, as well as the components of basic research activities of primary school students. The purpose of the study was to identify the level of formation of skills of 3d‒4th year students in the direction of training 44.03.05 Primary education and computer science in the field of preparing and conducting a research lesson. In the course of the study, such methods as testing and solving professional problems were used. The analysis of the diagnostic results was carried out taking into account the fact that 4th year students were familiar with the research lesson, its specifics, structure and methods of organizing the work of schoolchildren within the disciplines “Methods of teaching literary reading in primary school” and “Methods of teaching the Russian language in primary school”. Fourth-year students also completed assignments for the development of a research lesson with its subsequent demonstration at a practical lesson in the discipline. Similar preparatory work was carried out with 3rd, 4th year students who participated in the Young Professionals Championship (WorldSkills Russia), including within the framework of the discipline “Methods of teaching mathematics in primary school”. The rest of the 3rd and 4th year students did not undergo this training. A comparative analysis of the results of the tasks performed by the subjects in the context of cognitive, reflexive-evaluative and activity components of the readiness of future teachers to organize research work of junior schoolchildren was carried out. The significance of the participation of future teachers in the WorldSkills Russia (“Young Professionals”) championship in the competence “Teaching in junior grades” is substantiated, which positively influenced the results of preparing and conducting a research lesson, in particular, from the standpoint of the activity component. The authors of the article formulated recommendations on the theoretical and practical preparation of future primary school teachers for the development and implementation of a research lesson.
3D modeling and prototyping laboratory as a means of practice-oriented training of future technology teachers
UDC: 378:001.89
Authors: Sergey G. Korotkov ; Dmitry A. Krylov ; Linar G. Akhmetov;
Introduction. This article is devoted to the consideration of such an urgent problem as improving the practical training of future technology teachers in the context of digitalization of society. The problem under consideration determines the need to search for new approaches and technologies aimed at increasing the efficiency of organizing practical training of future technology teachers in the context of constantly changing demands of the labor market and taking into account innovations in the field of technological education. The purpose of the article is to identify and characterize the capabilities of the 3D modeling and prototyping laboratory in the implementation of practice-oriented training of future technology teachers. Materials and methods. To achieve the research goal, a complex of theoretical methods was used: study of methodological, scientific-methodological, special literature on the theory and practice of implementing a practice-oriented system for training teachers, problems and prospects for training future technology teachers in modern conditions; empirical research methods: the accumulated and published teaching experience on the problem under study was studied; comparison and summarization of factual material, observation, testing, questionnaires and surveys were carried out; the products of students' activities, quantitative and qualitative analysis of student performance results were studied. Research results. The approaches and principles of practice-oriented teacher training at a university are analyzed. The equipment, tools, and technologies of the 3D modeling and prototyping laboratory are considered and characterized as one of the key factors in the effective training of future technology teachers with a practice-oriented orientation and a flexible structure that allows them to transform to the changing demands of the educational services market. The conditions for ensuring the quality, accessibility and practice-oriented professional training, retraining, and advanced training of specialists based on the integration of educational, scientific and production activities have been identified. Conclusion. Thus, an important means of improving the process of training future technology teachers is the need to introduce specialized laboratories, which, in the context of digitalization of the education system, are a key factor for increasing the effectiveness of the formation of professional competencies of future specialists in the conditions of a modern university.
Continuity of education as a principle of activity of a modern teacher
UDC: 372.893
Authors: Galina N. Shvetsova; Maya N. Shvetsova; Irina N. Andreeva;
Introduction. In modern society, the problem of continuity of education has become especially relevant, since with the introduction of information and communication technologies, knowledge quickly becomes obsolete, which means that there is a need for their constant updating and continuous self-development of the teacher who transmits this knowledge to students. The article discusses the origins of continuing teacher education, the stages of its formation in our country, as well as the main approaches underlying it. An attempt is made to substantiate the methodological principle of continuity. The purpose of the study is to analyze the origins of continuing pedagogical education in our country, the stages of its formation, the definition and differentiation of principles, as well as the main approaches underlying the development of the continuity of the educational process. Materials and methods. The research materials were the scientific works of well-known teachers-researchers who considered continuing education in its formation, determined the periods of development and methodology. Theoretical, empirical and mathematical research methods were used. The paper attempts to substantiate the methodological principle of continuity of education. The goal of lifelong education is considered as a cumulative change in the personality of the teacher in his activity, as his self-development and improvement. Research results, discussion. The results of a pilot study conducted with teachers of the Republic of Mari El are presented. The total number of respondents is 123 people. The questionnaire was compiled in accordance with the theoretical principles outlined in the article. The survey results showed that teachers understand the importance of continuing pedagogical education, they are aware of the possibilities of obtaining it, but do not always connect this with personal and professional development. During the pilot study, the main forms of training used by teachers were analyzed, problem areas in the field of continuing teacher education were identified, and the necessary conditions for improving continuing teacher education were identified.
Cause-and-effect connectors as a means of connection in German
UDC: 81; 811.112
Authors: Irina V. Belyavtseva ;
Introduction. This study is devoted to the description of cause-and-effect relations in the German language, which are expressed in units designated by the term “connectors”. The article examines the linguistic content of this concept, describes the dynamics of theoretical understanding of these connecting means, gives their logical-semantic and semantic-grammatical characteristics. The relevance of the research is due to the need for a systematic description of new linguistic means of connection, which, unlike conjunctions, convey semantic relations more accurately and in a specialized way. The purpose of the study is to consider the functional and semantic properties of German connectors of causal semantics. Materials and methods. In the course of the study, the method of linguistic observation and description was used as the main one. Examples from German fiction were used as the material for the study. Results, discussion. The author reckons pronominal adverbs among the functional class of causal connectors. This class of functions not only provides a connection of syntactic constructions nominating propositions, but also allows us to better reveal the considered logical-semantic relations between the components connected with their help. Connectors are most often used when organizing a complex sentence. The article notes that connectors provide coherence and logical sequence of utterances, therefore they are linguistic means of expressing formal textual coherence, known in modern linguistics as cohesion. Conclusion. Based on the results of the study, the author comes to the conclusion that the study of connectors as units of a special level deserves more attention, since the need for their use as a universal means of generating logical utterances in the German language is constantly increasing.
Temporal semantics of grammatical forms of a future tense verb in the Udmurt language
UDC: 811.511.131
Authors: Kirill S. Efimov ;
Introduction. The article is devoted to the description of the temporal semantics of the grammatical forms of the future tense verb in the Udmurt language in the synchronic aspect. Grammatical forms of the future tense in the Udmurt language primarily convey temporal meanings, while they can acquire additional modal meanings due to the special specifics of the future tense as a language universal. The purpose of the article is to identify the types of temporal and semantic meanings of verb forms of the future tense in the Udmurt language. Materials and methods. The empirical basis of the study is made up of sentences from literary texts in the Udmurt language, extracted from the National Corpus of the Udmurt Language (more than 2,500 uses of the verb in the future tense forms were analyzed). The main research methods were the continuous sampling method, contextual analysis, and the descriptive method. Research results, discussion. The article systematizes the scientific works of domestic and foreign researchers devoted to the study of future tense and temporality. The conducted research made it possible to concretize and clarify the functions implemented with the help of future tense verb forms in the Udmurt language. For the first time, the results of the analysis of the temporal semantics of the future tense forms of the Udmurt verb are presented. It has been established that the Udmurt verb in the form of the future tense includes the following types of temporal and semantic meanings: a) the future is immediate; b) the future is distant; c) the future is gnomic; d) the future when expressing the usual. Conclusion. Forms of the future tense in the Udmurt language usually denote a reference to a specific single action in the future. The multiplicity of action can also be conveyed by the form we are considering, but this is a rarer phenomenon. The data obtained in the course of the study allow us to speak about a new typological classification of the temporal-semantic meanings of the future tense of the Udmurt verb.
Ways of foreign language inclusions coding in L. Tolstoy’s novel “War and Peace” and its translations into German
UDC: 81'221:316.772.2
Authors: Elvira T. Kostousova ;
Introduction. The article deals with foreign language inclusions in a literary text as an element of code that differs from the main code of the text. To convey the meaning of foreign language inclusions for the reader, the author chooses a way to code them. The purpose of the article is to analyze the ways of graphical coding of foreign language inclusions in Leo Tolstoy's novel “War and Peace” and its translations into German. Materials and methods. The research material is Leo Tolstoy's novel “War and Peace” and its three translations into German by H. Röhl, W. Bergengruen and B. Conrad. Research methods: continuous sampling method, descriptive method and comparative method. Research results, discussion. Coding of foreign language inclusions in the original text is carried out with the help of footnotes. The ways of coding foreign language inclusions in translations of Leo Tolstoy's novel “War and Peace” into German are different: 1) in H. Röhl’s translation, there is no coding, since foreign language inclusions are translated into German; 2) in W. Bergengruen’s translations, foreign language inclusions are in italics (italics and an asterisk); 3) in the translation of B. Conrad, foreign language inclusions are highlighted with italics and an asterisk or commas. Conclusion. Various ways of graphic coding of foreign language inclusions in the original text and translations into German of Leo Tolstoy’s novel “War and Peace” have been identified. The way of graphic coding of foreign language inclusions depends on subjective factors.
On the issue of classification of dialects of the Mari language
UDC: 811.511.151
Authors: Margarita N. Kuznetsova;
Introduction. According to the population census in Russia in 2020-2021, in comparison with the 2010 census, the number of Mari people has significantly decreased (547605 → 423803), the number of Mari speaking their native language has decreased (451033 → 258722), the percentage of indigenous people in the population of the Republic of Mari El has decreased (41.7% → 36.4%). The presence of the Meadow Mari and the Hill Mari state languages for one people negatively affects the language situation in the republic. The traditional allocation of four dialects (Hill, North-Western, Meadow, Eastern) does not correspond to the new linguistic reality: The purpose of the study: based on the analysis of scientific publications on the system of dialects of the Mari language and based on the new linguistic situation in the Republic of Mari El, to propose a new classification of dialects of the Mari language based on the history of their formation, study and division. Materials and methods: statistical data of the population census in Russia in 2020-2021, scientific publications on the problems of dialectology of Finno-Ugric languages, considered on the basis of analysis, classification and logical comparison method. Research results, discussions. The formation of Mari dialects and their classification have a long history. In the XIX century, the Hill, Meadow and Eastern dialects of the Mari language were known. At the end of the XX century, they started talking about the North-Western dialect connecting the Hill and Meadow dialects. The Eastern dialect is close to the Meadow dialect in its linguistic indicators. Recent studies allow us to isolate two major dialects: Western and Eastern, which completely cover the area of the Mari language. Conclusion. G. Bereczki’s classification of dialects of the Mari language, which we qualified as the most suitable for systematizing the language, is built on the basis of a deep and comprehensive study of dialect material. It adequately reflects the current state of the Mari language, allows one to erase the boundaries between the Hill and Meadow dialects, contributes to the preservation of a single Mari language for the Mari people.
Hunting vocabulary in the Komi language: designations of waterfowl
UDC: 811.511.132҆ 373:639.127.2
Authors: Anatoliy N. Rakin;
Introduction. The work deals with the hunting vocabulary in the Komi language. There, as an independent microsystem, the designations used to nominate waterfowl nesting on the territory of the Komi Republic are studied. The purpose of the paper is to establish the patterns and main stages of the formation and development of the analyzed component of the hunting vocabulary from ancient times to the present day. Materials and methods. The factual material of the paper belongs to the Komi literary language. Of the dialect words, only a few examples are given that are contained in standard dictionaries. Words of both native and foreign origin are considered. When developing a research topic, the author uses such methods as descriptive, synchronous-comparative, comparative-historical and statistical, as well as techniques of semantic and structural word-formation analysis. Results of the study and their discussions. The work represents the first attempt at linguistic research of commercial waterfowl. According to the substantial feature, this lexical microsystem refers to the designations of the object of hunting. Based on the systematization of available reconstructions, a diachronic hierarchy of native vocabulary is presented, characterized by the presence of four components of ancient names: proto-Uralic, proto-Finno-Ugric, proto-Finno-Permian and proto-Permian. The types and quantitative composition of the group of foreign names, that are late borrowings, have been established. Conclusion. The formation of the Komi language hunting vocabulary related to waterfowl occurred over many millennia, starting from the proto-Uralic era. The overwhelming majority of designations of this microsystem belong to the original vocabulary fund of the Komi language. The foreign-language part in the names of waterfowl occupies an insignificant place, its penetration occurred from one external source.
Semantics and pragmatics of metaphorical nominations with the component “Klima-” in German
UDC: 81`37:811.112.2
Authors: Elena V. Romanova; Inna V. Kazantseva;
Introduction. The relevance of this study is explained primarily by the close attention of the public to environmental problems and environmental protection. Since Germany takes an active position within the framework of the environmental movement, the vocabulary of this thematic group is constantly being enriched in the modern German language. German word formation allows you to quickly respond to polemics about environmental problems and form new words by stem composition. At the same time, one of the most important means of categorizing and conceptualizing the surrounding reality is a metaphor, which is of interest not only as a linguistic phenomenon, but also as a cognitive mechanism. Purpose: to analyze metaphorical nominations with the component “Klima-” in modern German and identify their semantic features and pragmatic potential. Materials and methods: the corpus of illustrative material was extracted by a continuous sampling method from articles and comments for the period of 2019‒2023 posted on the pages of German organizations and websites of German-language media (“Zeit”, “Spiegel”, “”, “Capital”, “NEOPresse”, “Die Tagespost”, “Situation”, etc.). For the objectivity of the results the texts reflecting not only the official position of the country's leadership on climate issues, but also the opposition opinion, often skeptical and negatively colored, were considered. In the course of the study, the descriptive method, the method of component analysis, the method of contextual analysis were used. Research results, discussion. The study of metaphorical nominations with the “Klima-” component has shown that semantically they can be divided into two main groups in modern German. The first group includes lexical units that verbalize objective processes and factors affecting climate change, as well as its consequences. The second group includes nominations describing a person's attitude to these problems. Social metaphors are the most common. The source of metaphorical transference in some cases is the sphere of religion or psychology. In the sample material there are also metaphorical nominations related to politics: terror, police, fascism, Bolshevism, dictatorship, the Jacobin regime. According to the results of the study, it becomes obvious that such comparisons cause negatively colored associations, and, as a result, there is a predominance of lexical units with negative connotation in the sample material. Conclusion. Environmental problems are currently being paid much attention to in many countries, including Germany. The German language has a productive word-formation potential and is being replenished with new words often formed by stem composition. Metaphorical nominations with the “Klima-” component reflect the reaction of the country's leadership and opposition representatives to events and polemics on urgent environmental issues. The negative connotation in the nomination is introduced through the second component, which is the source of metaphorical transference (crime, religion, war and politics, human physiology and psychology).
Contextual horizons of the story “Christ visiting a peasant” by N. S. Leskov
UDC: 821.161.1
Authors: Natalya N. Starygina;
Introduction. The short story "Christ visiting a peasant" by N. S. Leskov demonstrates the effectiveness of contextual analysis, which allows the researcher to characterize its content and poetics with sufficient completeness. The uniqueness of this text lies in its semantic layering, due to the “ability” of the work to open up new and new contextual horizons to the reader. Discussion. The Christian semantics of the story is centered around the theme of spiritual rebirth and growth of man (the plot-forming motif is the universal Christian motif of “descending in order to ascend”). This motivates the choice of the main research directions: 1) the story of the hero in the context of the Christian teaching about the spiritual structure, 2) the formation of the motive complex of the story, 3) the symbolization of the main images and motives, 4) the use of Christian symbols by the author. Artistic methods, means and techniques of forming the Christian context of the story are revealed (a system of Christian motifs, a complex of biblical plots, images, symbols, mentions of icons, quotations, allusions, color symbols, etc.). The mechanisms of symbolization of everyday motifs and images (family, friendship, reading, generations, home, etc.) are investigated. Conclusion. Leskov’s story has a significant contextual potential, which allows the reader to form individual contexts. The movement from the text to the context and back leads to an almost inexhaustible generation of meaning, generates reader’s interest and creates conditions for reading the story not only by young readers, but also by adult readers.
Verbalization of the concept “pension” by elderly users of the “VKontakte” social network
UDC: 8.81-119
Authors: Sabina A. Faronskaya ;
Introduction. Modern linguistic studies are characterized by anthropocentricity. Currently, the science of language has a lot of work done within the framework of rapidly developing areas – cognitive and Internet linguistics. The language on the World Wide Web is alive, close to the spoken language, people of different ages communicate here – the so-called colloquial speech, formalized in writing, functions on the Internet. Despite the fact that dozens of diverse works are devoted to the study of communication on the Internet, issues related to the age and cognitive aspects of Internet speech remain controversial. This explains the relevance of this work – the representation of concepts in the electronic communication of older people is interesting. Internet users have limitless options for topics to discuss, one of the most controversial in the network discourse of people who have reached adulthood is the topic of pensions. The object of the study is the comments of elderly users of the “VKontakte” social network. Subject – language units in the comments of elderly users, verbalizing the concept of “pension”. The purpose of the study is to analyze the nature of the representatives in the comments of older people, objectifying the concept of “pension” in the social network “VKontakte”. The material was the comments of the subscribers of the “News for pensioners” group of the social network “VKontakte” to news publications on the topic of pensions. The theoretical and methodological base is the works of Z. D. Popova, I. A. Sternin (a model for describing concepts), V. A. Maslova, N. D. Arutyunova and others. Research results. Special attention is paid to the semantic-cognitive analysis of the selected concept, its lexical content. A nominative field has been built: keywords have been identified, the core, near, far and extreme peripheries have been established, a graphical model has been built, and the nature of lexical units has been determined. Conclusion. The concept of “pension” in the mental world of older users seems to be structured, this division consists in a different idea of pension for different users: 1) positive / negative, 2) in the present / past tense. The author comes to the conclusion that most of the representatives of this concept are negative, verbalizers are expressive, emotional.
The musical and singing theme in “Writer’s Notes” by N. D. Teleshov
UDC: 82-94
Authors: He Qi;
Introduction. A memoir work is most often studied, first of all, from the point of view of factual content, the reliability of historical and cultural facts, and then imagery and poetics. Modern literary criticism has repeatedly turned to this type of literature. However, researchers did not always match literary creativity with the cultural and creative influences of other art forms in their memoirs. Materials and methods. The main material of this study was the memoirs of N. D. Teleshov, presented in the memoir book “Writer’s Notes” (1925‒1943). For the analysis, historical-typological and hermeneutic methods are used, which fully reveal the features of the author's views on the “portrait” characteristics of musicians, singers, as well as on the musical trends of the early twentieth century. Research results, discussions. The artistic and documentary world of N. D. Teleshov is considered in the article at the level of problems, the ideological world, the specifics of the author's style, images associated with the perception of talented individuals with whom the writer came into contact on the literary “Wednesdays”. The writer recalls how V. E. Yermilov, artists of the Bolshoi Theater - bass S. G. Vlasov, tenor A. M. Uspensky, tenor N. N. Figner, baritone V. V. Korsov were perceived. A special place in the memoirs is given to meetings with F. I. Shalyapin, with composer S.V. Rakhmaninov. In each “portrait” N. D. Teleshov found special musical and singing talents. Using this book as an example, the work shows how the author not only creates “portrait” memories of famous and little-known singers and musicians, but also reflects the perception of the musical and singing culture of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Conclusion. The book “Writer’s Notes” is syncretic in its artistic nature. The article proves that the writer's work appears in the intertextual space of culture as a kind of response to the musical and singing works of the early 20th century.
Tokarczuk’s novel “Flights” as a metamodern phenomenon
UDC: 821.161.1
Authors: Cela Xhoi;
Introduction. The 21st century is witnessing great changes in culture, life and society, as a result of which the era of ubiquitous postmodernism is coming to an end and a completely new phenomenon is taking its place. Numerous attempts have been made to give it a name, and one of the proposed ones was “metamodernism”. Metamodernism arose as a reaction to postmodernism, just as in its time postmodernism was a reaction to modernism. Metamodernism is rightfully considered the age of the Internet. This article provides a practical explanation of the methods of metamodernism in the book “Flights” by O. Tokarczuk. The purpose of the study is to analyze the metamodernist elements in the novel “Flights”, and thus enable the reader to understand the term “metamodernism” in practice, to identify some of the most important elements that distinguish metamodernism from previous periods and to focus on the concept of “Me”. The object of the study is the novel “Flights” itself. The subject of the study is the techniques of metamodern narrative used in the novel. In the course of the work, the author relied on descriptive, comparative and analytical methods. The practical significance of this analysis lies in the application of the results of inferences in university courses in modern Russian literature, theory and history of Russian and foreign literature. The novelty of the study lies in the reflection of the analysis of the metamodern elements used in the novel, which helps the reader to better identify and understand the very theory of metamodernity in practice. The article achieves the stated goal of an in-depth analysis of metamodern elements in the novel. Through this analysis, it was possible to look at the structure of the metamodern novel, the metamodern hero, the importance of the narrator, and the importance of constant fluctuation. Examples from Olga Tokarczuk’s metamodern novel “Flights” are a clear reflection of the narrative elements of metamodernism. As a result of the article, it was shown that modern literature is already beginning to use elements of the metamodern method with the prospect of transforming this process into a system.
Aksakova’ essay “The Hermit of the 1st quarter of the 19th century and the pilgrims of his time” in the context of lifetime evidence of Seraphim of Sarov and pilgrimage essays to the Sarov Hermitage of the 19th – 20th centuries
UDC: 398.32
Authors: Yuliya M Shevarenkova;
Introduction. Currently, in Russian philological science there is an increased interest in little-known or forgotten sections and texts of Russian literature, in “non-professional” literature, as well as in borderline genre phenomena. One of these sections is pilgrimage literature - stories about travelers’ visits to significant Orthodox centers (monasteries). This literature has come a long way from medieval walking to historical and everyday autobiographical essays and makes up the majority of spiritual literature with an educational and edifying orientation. The purpose of the work is to analyze the autobiographical essay by N. Aksakova “The Hermit of the 1st quarter of the 19th century and the pilgrims of his time” from the point of view of genre, features of autobiography and narration on behalf of the child hero. Materials and methods. The theoretical basis of the article was the research of modern Russian literary scholars engaged in the study of the discourse, structure and poetics of travelogue, pilgrimage literature of the 19th-20th centuries of different regions of Russia (O. N. Alexandrova-Osokina, N. V. Konstantinov, N. V. Korzhikova, E. G. Milyugina, et al.), local text of Russian literature. The main research methods are cultural-historical, comparative-analytical, textual. Research results, discussion. In the process of analyzing N. Aksakova’s essay, the genre specificity of the text is revealed ‒ elements of a pilgrimage essay, an autobiographical story and “eyewitness accounts” about lifetime meetings with Seraphim of Sarov. Particular attention is paid to the analysis of the image of the saint from the point of view of the relationship of his artistic solution with the hagiographic canon and church literature about lifetime encounters with him. The study allows us to demonstrate the author’s ability to switch the narrative perspective, alternating a child’s view of events and the author’s analytical position. Conclusion. The work carried out made it possible to see the atypical character of Seraphim of Sarov in the story. The author departs from the hagiographic etiquette image of the saint and creates a realistic, contrasting artistic image, showing the hero in different settings and in different qualities: Seraphim is shown as a frightened old man, a hospitable monk, a sad seer. The genre of the pilgrimage essay is only an external form of organization of the text; the autobiographical beginning allows the author to show the story through the eyes and feelings of a child.
Concept of localization in literary translation: status and course
UDC: 82
Authors: Ekaterina S. Sherstneva;
Introduction. The main problem in the localization of literary works is accurately translating the nuances, cultural references, and literary devices used in the original text into the target language. A skilled translator must be able to convey the emotional depth of the work to the intended reader while still maintaining the integrity of the author's intent. Purpose: to discuss the significance of localization in literary translation and the strategies employed by translation professionals to accomplish it. Research results, discussion. Poorly localized text can lead to misinterpretation, loss of meaning, inaccuracy, loss of cultural references, alienation of the target audience, and loss of literary value. These issues can result in confusion, misunderstandings, and a decreased appreciation of the translated work. All the approaches to translation have a common idea that preserving the essence and importance of the original text may require significant transformations, such as converting poetry into prose or vice versa; changing the font for academic purposes; reproducing the author's illustrations; replacing the tercets of the Italian original with a different form, including iambic pentameter; domesticating and modernizing the translation. However, there is a difference between conveying the same idea in a different way and creating new content to improve the original. The article also lists the main characteristics of a translator and states an approximate algorithm of actions required for the successful localization of a translated work. Conclusion: A translator must balance both aspects to ensure that the meaning and intent of the source text are conveyed accurately, while also making the text accessible and relatable to the target audience. In other words, he must be able to make informed decisions about how to adapt the text to ensure that it resonates with the target audience, while preserving the unique qualities that make the work a classic in the first place.