VESTNIK 2 (42) 2021
- VESTNIK 2 (42) 2021
- Date publication on the site:
- 2021-06-24 09:46:17
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DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS' ETHNO-CULTURAL COMPETENCE BY MEANS OF ETHNO-DESIGN
Authors: Natalya G. Arzamastseva; Zinaida Yu. Maksimova;
Abstract. Introduction. The peculiarity of Russia is that it has historically developed and continues to exist as a multinational state. At present, the problems of preserving the culture and traditions of the peoples living in Russia, creating favorable conditions for their intercultural communication are coming to the fore in educational policy. In this regard, the training of specialists in the field of vocational education should ensure a high level of their ethno-cultural competence, social mobility, and create favorable conditions for their self-improvement in a multi-ethnic environment. The experience of our work convinces us that elements of ethno-design can be used as an effective means of developing the ethno-cultural competence of students, which we consider as a type of design and creative activity of students aimed at studying the cultural characteristics of the peoples living in the republic; acquaintance with various forms of arts and crafts; practical implementation of techniques for the manufacture and decoration of products made with the use of ethno-cultural motives. The purpose of the research is to study the role of ethno-design in the development of students' ethno-cultural competence. Materials and methods: theoretical analysis of the literature on the research problem, generalization, analysis. Today the Russian society makes qualitatively different requirements for the training of specialists. It is necessary to competently solve national problems, both at the state and at the local (city, district) level, at the level of the production or educational team. The issue of the development of ethno-cultural competence of students who are able to actively act in a multicultural educational environment is on the agenda. We stand on the position that ethno-cultural competence is a necessary set of personal qualities of a teacher, including high professionalism, knowledge, abilities and skills that allow the free use of cultural means and objects in an ethno-cultural environment. Ethno-design is considered in the article as an effective means of developing the ethno-cultural competence of students in the field of “Technology and Informatics”.
ETHNO-CULTURAL VALUES AND THEIR ROLE IN THE PROCESS OF ETHNO-CULTURAL SOCIALIZATION OF FUTURE FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHERS
Authors: Nadezhda M. Korshunova;
Abstract. Introduction. In the conditions of the multinational Russian Federation, the task of preparing future teachers for the implementation of educational activities in a multicultural environment is relevant, the effectiveness of the solution of which is largely determined by the success of ethno-cultural socialization of students. Purpose: to determine the role of ethno-cultural values in the process of ethno-cultural socialization of future foreign language teachers. Materials and methods. In the course of the study, the author used a set of theoretical (analysis, synthesis) and empirical methods (testing, questionnaires). Results, discussion. The article considers the value component of ethno-cultural socialization as one of the structural components of ethno-cultural socialization of future foreign language teachers. The concept of “valuesˮ and the classification of values are considered. The formation of values, knowledge about moral norms and qualities that regulate relationships in society, determine attitudes in people's behavior, are among the components of successful ethno-cultural socialization of future teachers. Ethno-cultural values are considered as interrelated with humanistic, universal and ethnic values. To determine the value orientations of future teachers of foreign languages, we used the methodology of M. Rokich "Value orientations". According to the method of methodology interpretation, the system of value orientations of future foreign language teachers can be determined by understanding the individual pattern of the subjective structuring of the value system. We also conducted a survey among future teachers of foreign languages, including questions to determine their own ethno-cultural values. The scientific novelty of the article is that ethno-cultural values are considered as the most important components of the process of ethno-cultural socialization of future foreign language teachers. Conclusion. Ethno-cultural values are an important component of the process of ethno-cultural socialization of future foreign language teachers. At the same time, the conducted research showed that students have insufficiently formed groups of values of interpersonal communication and acceptance of others. In addition, students did not consider natural, historical and ethnic values as ethno-cultural values, which requires the organization of purposeful work in this direction – increasing the importance of ethnocultural values for future foreign language teachers.
ACTIVE FORMS AND METHODS OF EDUCATIONAL WORK WITH STUDENTS IN SCHOOL MUSEUMS
Authors: Oksana A. Likhareva; Olga S. Kravtsova;
Abstract. In the context of the intensification of educational work in schools of modern Russia, one of the effective platforms for educational work can be school museums that perform the functions of preserving, systematizing objects and documents, as well as teaching, educating, socializing students, developing their personality. The educational potential of active forms and methods of work in school museums is currently underestimated by practicing teachers. By involving students in the work of school museums not only as passive spectators, but also as active participants, the teacher contributes to the formation and development of student competencies. The effectiveness of educational work in a school museum depends on several factors, in particular, on a choice of pedagogical techniques, methods and forms of educational work with students. The aim of the study is to analyze active forms and methods of working with students in a school museum, the use of which will help to increase the effectiveness of educational work in an educational institution. The study is based on the study of materials and practical experience in the school museum of School no. 2 in the village of Khorol, Khorol Municipal District, Primorsky Territory. Basic research methods: descriptive-analytical and pedagogical observation. To substantiate the conclusions of the study, pedagogical diagnostics was applied according to the method of L.I. Tsarev “Unfinished proposal”, a questionnaire survey according to the method of A.A. Andreev “Study of student satisfaction with school life”. It was concluded that the use of active methods of working with students is possible even within the framework of traditional forms of working with students in a school museum. The predicted results of the use of active teaching methods will be manifested in the achievement of high educational motivation and personal development of students. In active cooperation, the creative potential of teachers and students is revealed, a sense of belonging to the historical past arises. By appropriating knowledge on their own, being engaged in active research activities, publicly broadcasting the results of their work, students have the opportunity to achieve high educational results, and teachers become more successful in teaching and educational activities.
METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES TO THE FORMATION OF EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS IN THE CONTEXT OF EDUCATIONAL PROCESS REENGINEERING
Authors: Lyudmila V. Smolennikova; Natalia M. Strelnikova;
Abstract. Introduction. Training of specialists and updating educational programs of higher education, based on regional economy’s needs, are required for solving problems of region’s sustainable development during the transformation of economic system. Purpose. The purpose of the research is developing methodological approaches to the formation of educational programs in educational process reengineering context. Materials and methods. The methodological basis of the research is systems approach provisions. The systematic approach makes it possible to comprehensively assess training specialists possibilities at specific characteristics level, to identify problems of entry, process and exit, taking into account both internal and external environment of university. During the research, formal-logical and general scientific methods are used, including abstract-logical, induction, deduction, synthesis, modeling. The research is based on the principles of objectivity in considering the process of training qualified specialists, coherence, synergy, and holism. Research results, discussion. The solution of the problem of systemic development of regions and innovative sectors of economy depends on human capital, qualified personnel training. This article considers the requirements of the Federal State Educational Standard 3++ in the direction of training 03.03.01 Economics. The importance of development of basic professional educational programs is substantiated, taking into account the requirements of educational regulatory documents, professional standards, employers. The necessity of combining the educational program with goals and objectives of national projects, the needs of regional economy staffing is shown. Conclusion. The proposed algorithm for developing an educational program in accordance with regulatory documents requirements and a process approach determines the methodological features of the creation and implementation of educational programs, taking into account the opinion of employers, requirements of the regional labor market, provides an opportunity to form practice-oriented education model.
A MODEL FOR THE FORMATION OF FUTURE TEACHERS-SPEECH THERAPISTS’ READINESS FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL SUPPORT
Authors: Elena V. Koryakova;
Abstract. Introduction. The article is devoted to the current topic - the formation of future teachers-speech therapists’ readiness for psychological and pedagogical support of students with speech disorders in the conditions of modern inclusive education. The purpose of the study is to provide methodological justification and develop a model for the formation of future speech therapists’ readiness for psychological and pedagogical support of students in inclusive education. Materials and methods: the study is based on the theoretical analysis of scientific and pedagogical literature on the research issue, the method of pedagogical modeling is used. The result of the study is the development of the model for the formation of future speech therapists’ readiness for psychological and pedagogical support of students in inclusive education, which combines interrelated blocks: target, content, technological and evaluative-effective. The content block presents the variable and invariant parts of the student’s professional training to solve the problems of psychological and pedagogical support of children with speech disorders in inclusive education. The article considers the technological component of the model, which includes organizational activities and methodological quality assurance of step-by-step professional training of the future teacher-speech therapist, justifies the use of technologies of educational, quasi-professional and educationalprofessional activities in the process of forming the readiness of the teacher-speech therapist for psychological and pedagogical support of children with speech disorders. In the evaluative-effective block, the levels of formation of the components of this type of professional readiness and the criteria for their evaluation are specified. In conclusion, the author defines the pedagogical conditions for the formation of the future teacher-speech therapist’ professional readiness for psychological and pedagogical support, which determine the effectiveness of the implementation of the developed model: the integration of psychological and pedagogical knowledge in the process of forming the readiness of teachers-speech therapists for psychological and pedagogical support of students with speech disorders; using interactive learning technologies in the process of teaching students, ensuring the formation of readiness to solve professional problems that arise in the process of psychological and pedagogical support of students with speech disorders; organizing systematic practical training of future teachers-speech therapists for psychological and pedagogical support of children with severe speech disorders; monitoring the level of readiness of future teachers-speech therapists for psychological and pedagogical support of students with speech disorders.
DIGITAL LITERACY: DEFINITION, COMPONENTS AND ASSESSMENT
Authors: Vera I. Toktarova; Olga V. Rebko;
Abstract. Introduction. The relevance of the problem studied in the article is due to the active introduction of advanced digital technologies in all spheres of the economy and the state’s need for highly qualified personnel for the implementation of national and federal projects. The importance of developing digital literacy which allows people to work productively and realize their goals within the digital society and the wide spreading of digital technologies is emphasized. Purpose: to conduct a comparative and content analysis of existing approaches to the definition of digital literacy, its constituent structural components (media, information, communication, calculative, computer literacies) and their assessment. Materials and methods. Scientific works
BLENDED FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNING VS CLASSROOM AND ONLINE LEARNING (BASED ON THE RESULTS OF A SURVEY OF CHINESE STUDENTS)
Authors: Nina L. Fedotova; Ruiting Yan;
Abstract. Introduction. Modern education is undergoing significant changes associated with the digitalization of all spheres of human activity. Recognizing the successes of traditional forms of teaching foreign languages, the methodological community cannot but accept the challenges of the 21st century. This forces us to intensify the search for new forms of education and develop effective methods in the context of online and blended foreign language learning. Purpose: to find out the attitude of Chinese students studying Russian to three models of education (regular class, online and blended learning) in order to substantiate the feasibility of developing and implementing blended learning Russian as a foreign language at a university. Materials and methods. The article presents the results of an anonymous survey of 90 Chinese undergraduates, graduates and postgraduates studying at St. Petersburg State University. The following methods were used: questioning, analytical and synthetic methods, qualitative and quantitative analysis of the results of the questionnaire. Results, discussion. Based on a survey of Chinese students studying in various educational programs, the characteristics of three models of learning Russian as a foreign language were analyzed. When comparing the advantages and disadvantages of these models, the problems of using blended learning were identified. An analysis of the survey data made it possible to establish that many Chinese students, preferring regular classes, do not give up their attempts to learn Russian using the blended learning model in the future. Conclusion. The results of our work have proven the importance of using anonymous questioning of students, which makes it possible to monitor their opinions about various learning models, about preferences when choosing a learning model. The authors propose methodological recommendations on the use of the Russian language blended learning model for the administration of educational institutions and teachers of Russian as a foreign language.
COMMUNICATIVE PROCESSES OF EXPLANATION AND DIALOGUE IN VOCATIONAL TRAINING OF SKILLED WORKERS, EMPLOYEES AND SPECIALISTS BASED ON A LOGICAL-INFORMATIONAL APPROACH
Authors: Anatoly S. Chibakov; Dmitry A. Krylov;
Abstract. The article presents the results of the study of communication of educational process subjects, as relevant and one of the central problems of didactics. Communication processes accompany each lesson, allow the implementation of pedagogical technologies and determine the success of the student's personality development. The authors emphasize the coordinating and consolidating role of communication in the vocational training of workers, employees and specialists in a college setting. The search for the common and different between “communication” and “interaction” allows us to conclude that both concepts are related to the establishment and development of contacts between interacting parties in joint activities. However, interaction is characterized by a common direction of actions, perception and influence on each other, and communication is a process of transmitting or exchanging information with emotional and intellectual content. Therefore, interaction is characterized by communicative, interactive and perceptual functions, while communication is characterized by symbolic and logical constructions. The collective nature of the subjects of learning’s activities is reflected in the content of their communication, encourages the establishment and development of communication processes, mutual understanding and partnership. The technological component of communication is formed by a system of methods, techniques, experience and qualities of teacher’s personality, implemented in information interaction using communicative means. The paper highlights and analyzes the explanation of the educational material and the dialogue between the contact persons as communicative processes in vocational training from the point of view of the logical-informational approach. The explanation is intended to reveal the essence of information and serve as the basis for conscious learning, and the dialogue has feedback and allows you to effectively manage the activity of students. The explanation is implemented sequentially, in stages, in a forward or reverse order, usually in causal, functional, or structural ways. At the same time, the educational dialogue, depending on the cognitive type, can be descriptive, explanatory or predictive and can take place in an open, selectively-alternative or alternative mode. Based on the comparison of didactic features, the authors consider the explanation as a monological type of educational dialogue.
INTERNATIONAL TERMS IN CULINARY VOCABULARY (BASED ON THE MATERIAL OF THE MODERN AZERBAIJANI LANGUAGE)
Authors: Kamala Aziz kyzy Azizova;
Abstract. The article deals with the international culinary terminology based on the culinary vocabulary of the Azerbaijani language. Culinary vocabulary is the etymological and linguo-cultural code of every nation. An increase in the level of development of society leads to the emergence of acquisitions in the process of language interaction. The analysis of linguistic and cultural relations based on the culinary vocabulary of the Azerbaijani language is the novelty of this research. The existing exchanging process of words between languages manifested itself throughout the history of the development of languages. The interaction of the Azerbaijani people with the Arabs, then with the Russians, and today with the peoples of Europe for many centuries could not stay unnoticed, as well as the life style, history, customs and language of the people. The culinary vocabulary has become more than international in recent years, and its study can reveal many aspects of the modernization and globalization of languages. From this point of view, the research topic is relevant for modern linguistics. The analysis of linguistic and cultural relations based on the culinary vocabulary of the Azerbaijani language is the novelty of this research. The Azerbaijani culinary terminological system is rich in international terms, and the main goal of this study is to consider the linguistic and cultural ties of peoples in the era of globalization using the example of the Azerbaijani language through culinary terms. Descriptive and comparative methods of linguistics were used in the study. As in all world languages, acquisitions play a special role in enriching the terminological system of each language. Based on the analysis of the linguistic materials of the Azerbaijani language, the author concludes that international terms are very often found in the culinary terminology of the Azerbaijani language. As a result of intensive inter-lingual contacts, the number of international terms in culinary terminology has a particular growth dynamics. The stated theoretical and linguistic materials, as well as the scientific conclusions of the study, can be useful for further research in this direction.
ARTICLE USE TRENDS IN MODERN ENGLISH
Authors: Elena V. Astapenko;
Abstract. Introduction. The problem of using articles in the English language has been widely discussed in the scientific and educational community for many centuries. Starting from the 18–19th centuries, theoretical studies began to appear, expanding the understanding of articles and their functions in the system of modern English. Multidimensional studies of the concept article, including its functions, semantic, cognitive, discursive characteristics, as well as expressive-stylistic functions, are in the focus of attention of Russian scientists. The purpose of this article is to analyze the features of functioning articles in modern English and consider the main trends in changing their usage in media texts and modern English speech. Materials and methods. The research material includes selected dissertation researches and thesis abstracts on the problem of the article in modern English, media texts (English-language newspapers and magazines), as well as materials from the Internet. The study is based on different methods: dictionary definitions, context analysis, comparative study of the functions of articles, discourse analysis, as well as functional-cognitive, semiotic and categorical approaches in the study of articles in the English language. Research results, discussion. Based on the analysis of scientific works on multidimensional studies of the concept article, its functions, semantic, stylistic, cognitive, and discursive characteristics, as well as media texts, the thesis is confirmed that the article is a developing category reflecting the cultural and historical characteristics of society development. Conclusion. The research results can be useful for further theoretical research of articles from the point of their variable and cultural and specific use in modern English speech.
SEMANTIC AND ETYMOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF THE COMPONENT “RIGHT” IN THE ENGLISH AND RUSSIAN LINGUISTIC WORLD VIEWS
Authors: Leysan S. Gaibova;
Abstract. Introduction. Studies of the semantics of the English and Russian component “right” are relevant in modern cultural linguistics, as the concept “right” plays an important role in the formation of the linguistic view of the world. The semantics of the word “right” in English and Russian is characterized by polysemy: when pronouncing a given word out of context, it is impossible to determine immediately what meaning the word is used in. Purpose. From a linguistic point of view, it is of great interest to trace the transformation of the semantic links of the component “right” in English and Russian chronologically. Materials and Methods. In the course of the research work, English and Russian etymological dictionaries are used as sources. Research of the component “right” in English and Russian is carried out by means of the methods of etymological-chronological, lexical-semantic, comparative analysis. Research results, discussion. On the basis of a thorough etymological analysis, the mixed type of semantic link of the polysemant “right” in English and Russian is revealed and graphically presented, archaic forms of both components are considered. Comparative analysis shows that the mixed type of semantic link of the Russian component “right” is characterized by a smaller number of polysemants compared to the English component “right”. It is noted that the component “right” has a wider scope. The revealed differences between the components are caused by linguistic and extratextual factors. The archaic form of the component “right” contains a wide variety of semantic derivatives, which have been kept in a new form, used in mode rn English. At the same time, it is observed the penetration of the component “right” into the official business and everyday discourse, caused by the rapid growth of industrial production. Conclusion. The comparative analysis reveals that the initial seme of the archaic component “right” in the sense of “true” keeps its ideological significance in the modern Russian language. In English, polysemy of the component “right” inherent in its archaic form is kept, but at the same time there is a tendency to gradually weakening of its lexical meaning.
THE SPACE OF THE HOUSE AS A FRAGMENT OF THE WORLD OF CLERGYMEN IN CHEKHOV'S PROSE
Authors: Edgar G. Manukyan;
Abstract. Introduction. The space of the house, along with the space of the church and nature, is a component of the world of clergymen in A.P. Chekhov’s prose. In the space of the house, they reveal themselves to the extent that they cannot reveal themselves in the church space due to certain accepted rules and norms of behavior imposed on their ecclesiastical rank. The relevance of the study lies in the fact that, space as a part of the world of clergy characters in Chekhov's works hasn’t been sufficiently studied from a linguistic point of view. The scientific novelty of the work lies in the fact that the linguistic means that reveal Chekhov's view of contemporary clergymen and describe their nonchurch life are investigated. Objectives: the main objective of the study is to provide a linguistic analysis of the space of the house and to identify its functions in the world of clergymen. Materials and methods. The research materials are the selected pieces from Chekhov’s works, such as the novel “The Steppe”, the short stories “Letter”, “Nightmare”, “Bishop”, “At the Marshal of the Nobility”. The research was conducted by the means of lexicalsemantic analysis, discourse analysis, descriptive method and text interpretation method. Research results, discussion. The house, as a non-church closed space, has several functions that represent the world of the character. It shows clergymen from a different point of view as they do not follow the rules dictated by the church; it reveals the emotional or physiological state of the character and represents the reflecting person. In addition, the space of the house has another function – it serves as a venue for Orthodox religious rites, which suggests that this space can replace the traditional space of the church. In the everyday space, clergymen implement a confessional intention, which is a reflection of their inner emotional state, or an edifying intention, which corresponds to their ecclesiastical rank. Conclusion. The priest in the space of the house reveals two identities: firstly, he appears as a reflective person in particular physical and emotional state, and secondly – as a spiritual person who holds an ecclesiastical rank. At the same time, clergymen, willingly or unwillingly, correlate these two hypostases in themselves. Thus, the space of the house fully reflects the world of clergymen and their human nature.
EMOTIONAL FACTOR OF ENGLISH MEDIA DISCOURSE AS A REALIZATION OF NATIONAL SPEECH PECULIARITIES
Authors: Mariya S. Mosyagina;
Abstract. Introduction. The article is concerned with the emotional factor of English media discourse in its British and American versions. Particular emphasis is placed on the national factor in its broadest sense which also affects speech composition areas. The issue under study seems relevant as it has been stated in many sources that in spite of modern globalization there is an increasing interest in all national aspects. Purpose: to study the specifics of emotional speech as a national feature. Materials and methods. This study is based on Russian-language media discourse, news media texts of British and American mainstream press for 2020 (namely The Independent and The Guardian; The Washington Post and The New York Times). The descriptive and contrastive methods used in the article revealed a variety of lexical means expressing the emotional factor. Results, discussion. A steady trend of using different linguistic and stylistic expressive means was established in two national types of discourse. Conclusion. It is concluded that the emotional sphere of media discourse is caused by national types of mentality which have a stable effect on the specific lexical and stylistic means of expressing emotionality.
LINGUOSTYLISTIC FEATURES OF AUTHOR'S PRESENCE IN SPEECH SITUATION OF LIES (BASED ON THE MATERIAL OF GERMAN-LANGUAGE FICTION)
Authors: Margarita A. Khatlamadzhijan Khatlamadzhijan;
Abstract. Introduction. This article analyzes the concept of the author's “presenceˮ in a German-language work of art. The work examines the components of the text that contribute to the formation and comprehension of the author's image at the semantic level of the literary text. All components of a literary text, from the plot to the elements of writing, are determined by the conscious choice of the author according to his desire and idea. In a work of art, the image of the author is expressed through the author's consciousness, his philosophical model of the world and attitude to reality. Purpose: to interpret the linguistic and stylistic means of expressing the author's presence in dialogical situations containing a speech situation of lies. Materials and methods. The material for the research was the dialogical fragments of the speech situation of lies. The main layer of the analyzed literature consisted of novels of the XX–XXI centuries. Methods of semantic-stylistic and contextological analysis were used to analyze the material. The semantic method made it possible to analyze the semantic differences of lexemes in different contexts, the contextological method made it possible to analyze the author's conscious use of a certain linguistic unit, taking into account the speech situation. Research results, discussion. When reflecting his views, the author uses a variety of linguistic tactics and strategies, graphic and compositional means through which he encodes information. The image of the author in the role of the bearer of the idea of a work of art is reflected on two levels: superficial and semantic. The superficial level includes linguistic means that allow the reader to understand the author's position without resorting to the implicit meanings of the artistic components of the text. At a deep level, the author's concept of reality is realized through the implicit linguistic components, interpreted based on the context of the plot series, as well as through the co-creation of the recipient and the creator of the text. Conclusion. The results of the study showed that the author's versatility is actualized at all levels of the language – lexical, morphological and syntactic. Such an author's “polyphony” contributes to the expansion of the narrative capabilities of the work and the perception of the text through the prism of the author's world and reader's perception.
GERMAN-SLAVIC LEXICAL PARALLELS OF THE MODAL-MENTAL SPHERE “KÖNNEN – TO KNOW” IN A COMPARATIVE HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE
Authors: Tatiana F. Sheshkina;
Abstract. Introduction. The considered predicative lexical units of the modal-mental sphere are the units of the active lexical stock. The study of the German-Slavic lexical parallels “können – to know” in a comparative historical perspective allows us to identify their inherent phonetic transitions, structural-linguistic changes and semantic transformations in the diachronic perspective. Purpose: to explore the German-Slavic lexical parallels in etymological, phonetic, structural-linguistic and lexical-semantic aspects. Materials and methods. The theoretical basis of the work was provided by the scientific postulates given in the studies, including lexicographical ones, of domestic and foreign linguists. In the course of the research work, the descriptive method and the method of component analysis, synchronic- comparative and semantic-nominative methods were used. Research results, discussion. The first written evidence of können in the German language field dates back to the 8th century. Aletic modality was not primary for the verb, and dates back only to the Middle Upper German period. The common Slavic *znati indicates a common Indo- European linguistic substrate for the two language groups. The presence of nomina agentis with similar semantic meaning in the described correlates is noted. The integral seme “intellectual ability” and the differential seme “physical ability” in the lexemes in question are noted in the course of the study. The analysis of the German-Slavic parallels “können – to know” is given using the phraseological data. Conclusion. The study of the German-Slavic parallels “können – to know” revealed both common and different characteristics for them in the aspect of their functionallinguistic and lexical-semantic features. The importance of studying German-Slavic parallels in the reconstruction of German lexical archetypes is highlighted.