- VESTNIK 4(19)/2015
- Date publication on the site:
- 2015-11-30 16:40:23
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ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF TEACHING PHYSICAL CULTURE IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL AND THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE GEF
Authors: Irina Nikolaevna Andreeva ; Aliya Vakilevna Abdulina;
The article deals with the problems of teaching physical culture in junior secondary school. The study reflects the author's vision of teaching physical culture, and formulates the proposals for solving the problems of pedagogical practice. Variety of views on the quality of the GEF reflects the presence of a wide range of issues related to the teaching physical culture at school. These include lack of physical fitness and the weak health of children; weak discipline; discord and lack of friendship; the presence of children with different physical and mental abilities in the same class; failure to meet the requirements of practical work in the school of individual techniques developed by the GEF. The presence of children with different physical and mental abilities in one class requires an individual approach to learning. However, the current system of management and payment for teachers’ labor does not allow to organize tutorials for weak students and to have special classes for high achievers. The authors of the study have organized the monitoring of the health of students in one of the schools of Yoshkar-Ola. It confirmed the existence of a wide range of health problems among children of different ages. The study recorded a growth in the number of children with diseases of the support-motor apparatus (scoliosis, low back pain, flat feet), diseases of upper respiratory tract, eyes, cardiovascular and nervous systems. Thus, the number of children with multiple diagnoses increases. The study proposes measures to improve implementation of the Federal State Educational Standards, including: development of pre-school physical education; improving the efficiency of team building and improvement of psychological climate in the class; creating conditions for the specialized work with low-achievers.
TESTS AS A FORM OF ORGANIZATION OF INDEPENDENT WORK OF STUDENTS WHEN STUDYING THE SUBJECT OF “THE LITERARY LANGUAGE IS A BASIS OF THE STANDARD OF SPEECH”
Authors: Olesya Viktorovna Aref'eva ; Svetlana Aleksandrovna Aref'eva ; Tat'yana Anatol'evna Khristolyubova ;
This article is devoted to the problem of the formation of the cognitive independence of pupils and students as a factor of the development of the personality in classes on the subject “The Russian language and the Standard of Speech”. The article describes the concept of “independence” (which refers to the quality of the individual, manifested in the ability to produce analytical and practical activities with the language material and the development of skills of self-control) and “independent work” (which is a method of forming self-reliance as the quality of the individual pupils and students, influencing the development of all aspects of personality (intellectual, emotional and volitional)). The article also discusses the features of mental development of students (an increase in attention and memory, development of the ability to abstract thinking, striving to realize himself as a personality, the formation of the objective attitude of teenagers towards surrounding reality, the formation of such traits as self-reliance, perseverance and dedication, a significant change in motives for learning, the emergence of the need for an independent form of training activities), the types of independent work (self-reproducing the work on a sample, reconstructive and divergent creative and independent work). In addition, the study highlighted the skills of independent work of students in classes on the Russian language and the Standard of Speech (reproductive, reconstructive divergent and creative skills). The paper also presents tests on the theme “The Literary Language is a Basis of the Standard of Speech”, standard responses and comments to some issues.
FORMATION OF THE INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE OF STUDENTS IN RUSSIAN AND FOREIGN DOCUMENTS
Authors: Il'khamiya Iskhakovna Galimzjanova ; София Зауровна Зарипова ;
Formation of the intercultural communicative competence of students-musicians is an important task of teaching foreign languages in high schools of arts in terms of Russia's entry into the single European educational space and the expansion of cross-cultural relations, as well as the growth of national conflicts. The article examines the issues of formation of intercultural communicative competence in russian and foreign educational documents, and offers some solutions to this problem by the example of Kazan Conservatory. The problem of specificity, identity and differences of different cultures, and development of the cultural context of the total world space, occupies a growing place in the context of cultural understanding and enhance cross-cultural communication. This problem is especially important nowadays. Thus, the problem of teachers in high schools of arts is to develop the ability of students to intercultural communicative competence. This refers to the development of the ability to understand the similarities and differences in cultures, ability to build a dialogic partnerships, search for a compromise, formation of skills of effective verbal behavior in accordance with the rules of the modern language in various situations of professional communication.
USE OF HEALTH SAVING TECHNOLOGIES IN THE ORGANIZATION OF WORK ON DRUG PREVENTION AT PRIMARY SCHOOL
Authors: Nadezhda Nikolaevna Golovina ;
The article deals with the problem of drug prevention. The study gives examples of regulations of the Government of the Russian Federation and Mari El Republic on health protection of citizens in the Russian Federation for Drugs Traffic Control. The statistics describe the features of the organization of drug prevention work in the Russian Federation and in the international community. Purpose of the article is - using the experience of the implementation of comprehensive programs on drug prevention, to disclose the possibility of using health saving technologies on drug prevention in elementary school, and to show prospects for the use of targeted programs in this direction. The article explains the use of health saving technologies as the means of drug prevention in the practice of educational and health work in regular school. The study presents the experience of a healthy lifestyle in educational and extracurricular activities, and shows the statistical results of successful implementation of the drug preventive project “The ABC Book of Health” with the students of primary classes. The article concludes perspectives of health saving technologies in the organization of work on drug prevention among the younger students, and the importance of the formation of their healthy position.
THE CRITERIA, INDICATORS AND LEVELS OF FORMATION OF THE PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE OF FUTURE BACHELORS OF THE “PRIMARY EDUCATION” PROFILE TO WORK IN AN INNOVATIVE SCHOOL
Authors: Anna Sergeevna Zhuravleva ; Vasilii Petrovich Kovalev ;
The article describes the criteria, indicators and levels of formation of professional competence of future bachelors of the “Primary education” profile to work in an innovative school. These criteria, indicators and levels were developed during the preparation of the thesis on “Formation of professional competence of future bachelors of the ‘Primary education’ profile to work in an innovative school”. The study identified a theoretical motivation, practical criteria, which have a number of indicators needed to characterize the diagnosed phenomenon. Therefore, the scientific novelty of this work is to determine the criteria and indicators of the level of formation of future elementary school teachers competence in working in an innovative educational institution. The analysis of different approaches to the development of competence in the process of professional formation of the future bachelors of the “Primary education” profile to work in an innovative school has shown that it has the tiered character. Pedagogical literature describes various approaches to the determination of levels of professional activity. The study identified three levels of formation of competence of future teachers to work in an innovative educational institution: high, medium and low. The practical significance of this article lies in the fact that the identified criteria and indicators can diagnose the formation of competence of the future bachelors of the “Primary education” profile to work in an innovative school. In addition, these data can be used in pedagogical process of psychological and pedagogical faculties of universities, as well as in the process of training and retraining of teachers.
DEVELOPMENT OF INFORMATION AND PEDAGOGICAL COMPETENCES OF THE FUTURE TEACHERS OF PRIMARY SCHOOL ON PRACTICAL TRAINING ON METHODS OF TEACHING MATHEMATICS
Authors: Elena Valentinovna Mal'tseva ;
The article is devoted to one of the main problems of the system of higher education – the problem of development of professional competence of future teachers. The article describes the theoretical basis of the competency approach, as well as various approaches to the definition of “capacity”, “competence”, “core competencies”. The group of information and pedagogical skills as the basis for future educational activities of primary school teachers is considered in detail. Practical training on the methods of teaching mathematics contribute to the development of information and pedagogical competencies. The article describes the various methods, techniques and technologies in the development of competences during the practical sessions on teaching mathematics. The study presents the results of the study of information and pedagogical skills developing indicators of future primary school teachers.
GAME TECHNOLOGIES AS A FACTOR FOR INCREASE THE MOTIVATION OF LEARNING COMPUTER SCIENCE
Authors: Petr Vladimirovich Nikitin ; Il'dar Vasil'evich Farkhshatov ; Mariya Viktorovna Litvinenko ;
The article describes a technique of training of future specialists in the field of information technology (IT), including the future teachers, computer science basics of information security based on a multidisciplinary approach, practice-oriented tasks and method of demos developed by the authors in accordance with modern trends in the field of information security. The article reveals the concept of “information security” as the security of the information and supporting infrastructure against accidental or intentional, natural or man-made influences that can harm the owner or user of the information and supporting infrastructure. As a result of study, as described in the article, students will learn the basic information threat of unauthorized access to the path information leakage channels, as well as the classification of methods and means of information security. The article describes in detail the practical tasks on each of the disciplines (computer software, information technology, computer networks, Internet and multimedia technologies, computer networks and information systems, methods of information protection) included in the methodological training system of this specialization, and developed by the authors based on current trends in the field of information technology and information security. The technique described in the study has been implemented in the process of training of future specialists in the field of information security, including the future teachers of computer science, in the Interregional Open Social University, and Mari State University. The experimental results have a positive impact on the quality of this method of training students in the field of information security (formal (physical, hardware, software) and informal (organizational, legal, moral and ethical)).
REQUIREMENTS FOR CREATING PROFESSIONALLY ORIENTED TASKS FOR TEACHING MATHEMATICS IN COLLEGE
Authors: Irina Vadimovna Nikolaeva ; Dmitrii Aleksandrovich Krylov ;
The article discusses the role and importance of professionally oriented tasks for teaching mathematics to students of technical college. The study sets out the basic requirements for the development of professionally oriented tasks that need to be taken into account when they are created. The manual of a course of mathematics should contain professionally oriented tasks equally interesting from a professional point of view for future professionals of all profiles. Context plays an important role in creating the problems in the formation of professional competence of college students: a description of the situation, which may be accompanied by charts, graphs, maps, etc. The study raised the possibility of using sets of professionally oriented tasks in the educational process of secondary professional education.
DIDACTIC ENGINEERING: ALGORITHM FOR ASSESSING THE QUALITY OF AUGMENTATION OF STUDENT COMPETENCY OF STANDARD
Authors: Svetlana Dmitrievna Starygina ; Nail' Kashapovich Nuriev ; Endzhe Anvarovna Gibadullina ;
Introduction GEF 3+ at universities triggered a set of interrelated problems: 1) preparation of the work programs of competency in a format in accordance with the standard; 2) creation of automated didactic system for this program; 3) development of automated technology training to achieve quality of augmentation of the competencies required for the AGM; 4) organization of the automated diagnostics to objectively assess the levels of development of abilities (skills), and to resolve significant issues of professional competence in the field provided by the standard. Of course, it requires to evaluate the quality of mastering any competence from the GEF for each year separately on the basis of the developed (under study) student discipline. The paper presents an algorithm for solving the fourth problem. To do this, the study is intended to introduce a lot of training competencies that equally affect the organization of competencies of the GEF. In general, this technique allows to calculate the percentage the student has mastered a particular competence standards at the end of the semester.
CONDITIONS OF FORMATION OF TECHNICAL THINKING OF STUDENTS IN EDUCATIONAL PROCESS
Authors: Kuzina; Svetlana Georgievna Dobrotvorskaya ; El'mira Robertovna, Khairullina ;
The aim of the study was to determine the characteristics of the technical thinking of students. This article is a review. It describes the main approaches to addressing the phenomenon of thinking in general and technical, in particular. Based on the analysis of the content of scientific works, it can be assumed that, although the human mind is sole in its origins, that is, the process of thinking involves the same operations, however, the nature of the mental activity of people of various professions has specific features. Moreover, this is due primarily to the fact that while working in different areas, people are dealing with a variety of objects that they explore and create. Nature, characteristics, conditions of professional problems set the direction for the development of the process of thinking as the solution of practical tasks. Although this process is limited to internal conditions (background knowledge, skills, characteristics of the nervous system), different tasks set objective direction and content of cognitive process. Analysis of technical and production problems makes it possible to determine their specific features. That is because of the specifics of technical labor, formulation of the problem of development of technical thinking is justified. Therefore, in order to develop technical thinking among students it is necessary to develop the ability to analyze facts, phenomena and processes of physical phenomena from the standpoint of logic in their interrelation and interdependence on each other. In conclusion, the pedagogical conditions of development of technical thinking are: increase of speed of obtaining information through various information technologies, provision of methodological literature on all sections of the physics course, receiving and tracking the digestibility of material using the feedback that you want to track continuously at different stages of training (learning).
PPSYCHO-PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS OF FORMATION OF A HOLISTIC UNDERSTANDING AND EXPLANATION THROUGH RELIGIOUS AND NONRELIGIOUS ATTITUDE TO THE WORLD
Authors: Tat'yana Nikolaevna Golovanova ;
The purpose of this study is to learn about the mechanisms of the effect that educational process has on understanding and explanation, depending on a person's worldview. It has been hypothesized: the formation of a full understanding and explanation of reality will be successful if communication with a teacher is built on collective forms of activities and on the teacher's knowledge of the worldview of the subjects of the educational process. 64 students of Yoshkar-Ola took part in this study. Participants were questioning, reveals the attitude towards religion. The data based on the analysis suggested groups (significantly p ≤ 0,01) that differed on a level of religiosity. To achieve next objective of the study – the peculiarities of formation of a holistic understanding of the world – a formative experiment was executed. The experiment is based on the assumption that the conditions under which information is transmitted, perceived and processed by students play an important role in shaping a good level of verbal communication. The study has shown that in the result of organized education (significantly p≤0,05) there was an increase of contradictions and activity of the experimental group. In a study that was made there were determined and checked, in the learning process, psychological-pedagogical methods of forming a full understanding and explanation of reality through religious and non-religious view of the world. It was established that religious and non-religious worldview affects perception, understanding and explanation of events by the subjects of educational system in the conditions of coexistence of secular and religious culture. It was established, that worldview affects the orientation in the development of an individual’s worldview.
EVOLUTIONARY DEVELOPMENT AND THE PROBLEM OF MENTAL FUNCTIONS LOCALIZATION
Authors: Sergei Vladimirovich Malanov ;
The study discusses the problem of evolutionary development and localization of mental functions from the standpoint of “system-activity” and “cultural-historical” psychology. The article highlighted the directions of scientific analysis, where the formation and development of the mental functions are considered to be: a) processes between animals and objects of the world; b) processes that ensure active interaction of living organisms with the environment.
TRIUMPH OF SERNUR AGRICULTURE (ABOUT THE POEM “THE TRIUMPH OF AGRICULTURE” BY NIKOLAY ZABOLOTSKY)
Section: ФИЛОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
Authors: Ruslan Arkadevich Bushkov ;
The article is devoted to the poem “The Triumph of Agriculture”, written by Nikolay Zabolotsky, a classic of Russian philosophical and pastoral poetry of the twentieth century. The poem was the first experience of Zabolotsky in the creation of great poetic form. In the modern literary criticism it often refers to a rare genre of Russian literature, namely, environmental utopia. Meanwhile, the characteristic theme of Zabolotsky's poetry reflected this work: the theme of conversion of elements of nature by means of conscious human creativity and its relation to history and even specific geographic area. It is the first time in literary criticism, the study considers for the scene of the poem “The Triumph of Agriculture”, the village Sernur of Urzhum County of Vyatka province (now the village and the district center of the Republic of Mari El). That is the future poet spent his childhood and adolescent years, reflected in his poems. The study shows first the connection of subjects of the work with the work of a number of prominent Mari writers, the natives of these lands.
TEXT IN COMPUTER GAMES: PHILOLOGICAL ASPECT
Authors: Н. И. Ефимова; Н. И. Моржанаев;
The article suggests a variety of philological approaches to researching computer games; a brief overview of the scholarly interest to the given field is presented. The authors analyze a real commercial game product from the angle of stylistics of in-game texts and developers’ documents. The article is of current interest both to linguists and game industry professionals.
THE URAL-VOLGA POLYETHNIC IN THE MOZAIKS OF GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES (POTAMONYMY IN DETERMINING OF MIGRATIONAL WAVES)
Section: ФИЛОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
Authors: Anatolii Nikolaevich Kuklin ;
It is difficult to solve the question about Uralic substrate in toponymy of the Ural-Volga regions because of insufficient and irregular study of ethnic and cultural relationship between Finn-Ugric and Samoyedic peoples. It is also very complicated to solve the problem of ethnic genesis of the Uralic speaking peoples, which have much in common as well as differ greatly. Such differences originated from their territorial disconnection and from close contacts with unrelated peoples and tribal groups. Different ancient substrates influenced their dialects, what was followed by subsequent divergence in the process of independent evolution. Decision of the question is aggravated by the fact that ethnic structure of the Ural-Volga region is various not only anthropologically but also in languages. Complicated problem of ethnic genesis of the Uralic race gave every reason for different hypotheses, not convincing enough, not always reliable and sometimes mistaken. To relic geographical names of the Ural-Volga regions belong toponyms of Ugro-Samoyedic origin, representing a riddle, which solving is encoded by centuries-old changes in phonetic aspect and considerable conversion of meaning aspect. Thus, the names of the rivers Bolshaya and Malaya Yunga (in Mari Kogo Yingy and Aryingy), flowing from the right into the Volga on the territory of Gornomariysky region of Mary El are usually identified with Khanty yink ‘water’. But judging from semantic and external resemblance this name is more compatible with Nenets yunko ‘river’, what testifies to its Uralic origin. Hydronym Unzha (in Mari Uncho) absolutely has genetic ties with Selkup and by comparing map drawing of the names of the river objects of the Ural-Volga region and West Siberia.
ADVERBS, CORRELATIVE WITH THE POSSESSIVE FORMS OF THE NOMINAL PARTS OF SPEECH, AS AN ADDITIONAL MEANS OF EXPRESSING TEMPORAL MEANINGS OF THE SENTENCES IN THE STORY “CHOLGA CHYDIR” – “UNFADING STAR” BY DIM. ORAY
Section: ФИЛОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
Authors: Lydia Sidorovna Matrosova ; Lyudmila Ivanovna Bartseva ; Nina Anatoljevna Muzurova ;
The article is devoted to the identification and analysis of adverbs, correlative with the possessive forms of the nominal parts of speech, as an additional means of expressing temporal meanings of the sentences in the story “Cholga chydir” – “Unfading star” by Dim. Oray. The purpose of the study is to analyze adverbs, relative to that of inflected forms, as concretization temporal meaning of the verb-predicate is in General in the disclosure of the predicative value of the proposal. All of the above leads to the conclusion that adverbs correlative with the case forms of the nominal parts of speech may serve as an additional means of expressing the temporal semantics of the proposal by specifying a time value of the verb-predicate.
SEMANTICS OF ASSESSMENT IN THE PHRASEOLOGY OF THE FRENCH LANGUAGE
Section: ФИЛОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
Authors: Tat'yana Al'bertovna Soldatkina ;
This article is devoted to the semantics of assessment in the idioms of the French language. Learning a language it is important to know its grammatical and lexical composition. Praseology is a key to “understand” the language. Idioms reflect people’s experience, portray the linguistic world-image of a certain nationality. The purpose of the article under the study is to analyze the idioms selected by the method of continuous sampling with the aim of identifying the dominant form of metaphors, which often expresses a kind of assessment. The theoretical background covers the works of the following scientists: V. V. Vinogradov, A. I. Smirnitsky, A. I. Chernysheva, A. P. Chudinov. The following methods were used while working on this article: the method of continuous sampling; the method of linguistic description; the comparative method. Material for the study was introduced by 150 idioms of the French language selected by the method of continuous sampling from the phraseological dictionaries of the French language. The theoretical significance is to determine the peculiarities of phraseological units by means of definite kinds of metaphors and their models.
INTERTEXTUAL INTERRELATIONS BETWEEN CHRISTMAS STORIES OF CHARLES DICKENS AND YULE TALES OF NIKOLAI LESKOV
UDC: 821.161.1 Лесков, 821.111 Диккенс
Section: ФИЛОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
Authors: Natal'ya Nikolaevna Starygina ; Olga Sergeevna Berezina ; Inna Nikolaevna Mikheeva ; Marina Andreevna Pershina ;
The aim of the article is to study the intertextual interrelations in the process of genre transformation of Christmas stories of Charles Dickens into Yule tales of Nikolai Leskov. Analysis of typical elements of both genres suggests that Christmas stories of Ch. Dickens serve a special intertexteme in Yule tales of N. Leskov. Using the dominant features of the genre of Christmas story through the implicit elements of intertextual links (images, characters, theme, plot schemes and ideas), Leskov creates a kind of formal and substantial basis for his stories. All above is confirmed in the comparative analysis of Christmas stories and Yule tales of ideological and semantic and poetic centers typical for such works. The study carried out a thorough comparative study of the main ideological content and poetic points and areas (implementation of the concepts and value categories). Value categories are represented through the vertical relationship man – God in opposition to humanity and self-centeredness, moral and legal laws. This opposition is realized in the trinity of the hierarchical model of the world (God – the King – the father) in the works by Leskov, and in double unity, God – the father, in the works by Dickens.
“COUNTRY HOUSE TEXT” IN THE STORY “FIRST LOVE” BY IVAN TURGENEV
Section: ФИЛОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
Authors: Natal'ya Nikolaevna Starygina ;
Turgenev is known as one of the most prominent authors of the “country house text” of Russian literature. The chronotope of living in the country in the works by Ivan Turgenev is quite unexpected for inexperienced readers. However, this choice is quite clear. Country house space of the story is based on the principle of integration and removing of the loci: from a small house-garden to a huge space “beyond the gates”. Each piece of the country house space locates certain events. Family lifestyle takes place in the country house. The official introduction of the hero with the princess and their romantic farewell takes place in the Zasyekin lodge. Besides, this place has become the focus of a purely country entertainment. The lifestyle in the family country house of Vladimir Petrovich reminds manor lifestyle. While life in the Zasyekin country house is typical for a suburban lifestyle, like Turgenev's contemporaries it recall. Turgenev depicted life in the space of “small” garden like country life with all its attributes. The system of images and motifs that the reader always associates with the world of the estate (garden, pond, lime, a nightingale, a bench in the garden, the garden gate, tea, music, reading, etc.), is in common with the system of images and motifs of “country house text”. But in the “manor text” everything is homelike and familiar from childhood: the garden and pond, and limes. And in the “country house text” everything is alien, strange, temporarily used: a garden, a bench, even flowers. Turgenev focuses sign for the “country house text” images chronotop motives. He points to the chasm that lies between the world of high and deep feelings, sincere emotions and emotional impulses and to the world of the ordinary and mundane, pragmatic and superficial.
CULTURE-BASED APPROACH IN STUDYING OF THE RUSSIAN AND NATIONAL LITERATURES IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS
Section: ФИЛОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
Authors: Ruslan Zufarovich Khairullin ;
In article the essence and the content of the culture-based approach directed on formation of ideas of literature as the socio-cultural phenomenon developing in the dialogue with other forms of culture taking an important place in the life of society, and understanding of fiction as the most important component of national culture reveals. In system of literary education culture-based approach allows to acquaint pupils by means of works of art with culture of other people, their traditions, customs, comprehension of their mentality, national psychology, national character, etc. as any national literature incorporates achievements of domestic and world material and spiritual culture, cultural realities of the present and the past, specific national ceremonies and customs, religious representations of the people. The author shows as culture-based approach can be realized through comprehension by pupils of national pictures of the world. Refraction of culturological ideas of M. Bakhtin and G. Gachev in methodical aspect, and also fruitfulness of combination of culture-based and ethno-cultural approaches in the process of studying of the Russian and native literatures is shown in article.