VESTNIK 6/2011

Title:
VESTNIK 6/2011
Number:
6
Year:
2011
Date publication on the site:
2014-06-03 12:02:32
Full journal in PDF:
РЕЛИГИОЗНОЕ И АТЕИСТИЧЕСКОЕ СОЗНАНИЕ
UDC: 211
Section: THE HUMANITIES
Authors: А. В. Маслихин;
Religious consciousness of a man is revealed in the way how his views on the world are reflected. Religion is represented as a phenomenon existing in reality, the history of the origin and structure of the Christian, Buddhist, Islamic versions of world creation are presented in the article. Atheistic consciousness is viewed as a part of spiritual life of society. The author’s attention is paid to the gnoseological and social foundations of religious beliefs.
ГЕНДЕРНАЯ ФИЛОСОФИЯ: МАСКУЛИННОСТЬ И ФЕМИНИННОСТЬ
UDC: 141.7
Section: THE HUMANITIES
Authors: Е. В. Михайлова;
The philosophy of masculinity and femininity is exposed in the article as a kind of masculine and feminine origin and their interaction. Social and psychological features, their distinction from each other is represented as well as the status of a woman in the present Russia.
ПРАВА ЧЕЛОВЕКА В ЗЕРКАЛЕ ВЫБОРОВ
UDC: 342.25
Section: THE HUMANITIES
Authors: Д. О. Мамедов;
Legislative (representative) state authorities of constituent territories are lodged with legislative leadership powers in the federal legislative process and can take part in drafting federal legislations on the subject of united jurisdiction.
О НЕКОТОРЫХ ПРОБЛЕМАХ УЧРЕЖДЕНИЯ ОРГАНОВ РЕГИОНАЛЬНОГО КОНСТИТУЦИОННОГО КОНТРОЛЯ
UDC:
Section: THE HUMANITIES
Authors: Т. Н. Михеева; Д. С. Михеев;
The article deals with theoretical and practical aspects of establishing institutions of constitutional justice in the constituent territories of the Russian Federation; gives proof of their formation and performance to defend and safeguard the constituent territory constitutions. The article gives examples of constitutional justice practices of some foreign federations.
МОРСКОЕ ПИРАТСТВО: ПРОБЛЕМЫ ПРИВЛЕЧЕНИЯ К ОТВЕТСТВЕННОСТИ НА МЕЖДУНАРОДНОМ УРОВНЕ И ИМПЛЕМЕНТАЦИЯ НОРМ В РОССИЙСКОЕ ЗАКОНОДАТЕЛЬСТВО
UDC: 341(075.8)
Section: THE HUMANITIES
Authors: С. А. Пенько;
Piracy threatens the most important commercial marine communication lines; puts obstacles in developing free trade owing to unavoidable insurance payout increase; conduces increasing tension between coastal states. Effort to combat piracy is international legal obligation of any state.
СУБСТАНТИВНЫЕ ЛАКУНЫ АНГЛИЙСКОГО ЯЗЫКА И СПОСОБЫ ИХ ПЕРЕВОДА НА РУССКИЙ ЯЗЫК
UDC: 802.0:37+81’25
Section: THE HUMANITIES
Authors: А. П. Абросимов;
The article focuses on culture-specific vocabulary, lacunae in the English and Russian languages, their main features, classification and peculiarities in different cultures. The ways of their translation such as morphological and semantic translation loan words, commentary, interpreting, explanation, transcription, transliteration, etc. are presented in the article. The author compares the translations given in the English- Russian Dictionary by A. A. Makhonina and M. A. Sternina and ABBYY Lingvo 12.
О ПЕРЕВОДЕ АНГЛО-ШОТЛАНДСКИХ НАРОДНЫХ БАЛЛАД
UDC: 802.0:398.22+81’25
Section: THE HUMANITIES
Authors: К. Ю. Бадьина;
The paper concentrates on the translation of Anglo-Scottish folklore ballads, traditions and approaches to their translation in Russia. The specific features of the ballads in question are: an abrupt beginning, dramatic nature, concentration on an episode, psychological insight and enchantment. The author analyses A. S. Pushkin’s contribution to the translation of ballads in Russia.
ОБУЧЕНИЕ ПЕРЕВОДУ ДИПЛОМАТИЧЕСКИХ ДОКУМЕНТОВ
UDC: 803.0:930.22+81’25
Section: THE HUMANITIES
Authors: Н. А. Вахранева;
The article considers the problems of teaching students learning the German language to translate texts devoted to diplomacy. The characteristic features of this type of documents are: impersonality and objectiveness, predicative sentences, modal verbs, impersonal structures and the conjunctions. Two stages of teaching translation are presented in the article.
ПЕРЕДАЧА ЭКСПРЕССИВНОСТИ ПРИ ПЕРЕВОДЕ ХУДОЖЕСТВЕННОЙ ПРОЗЫ
UDC: 802.0:82.035
Section: THE HUMANITIES
Authors: М. В. Фролова;
The article focuses upon the means of expressiveness in the translation of belles-lettres style on the basis of E. M. Remarque’s novel «Three Comrades». I. M. Schreiber’s and Yu. I. Arkhipov’s translations are compared. The category of expressiveness is viewed as stylistic category, pragmatic category, semantic phenomenon and functional phenomenon. The author provides the analysis of phonetic expressiveness, expressive resources of lexical means and expressiveness at syntactical level.
ПАРОНИМИЯ КАК ФАКТОР МНОГОЗНАЧНОСТИ ВО ФРАНЦУЗСКОМ ЯЗЫКЕ
UDC: 804.0:801.3
Section: THE HUMANITIES
Authors: И. Г. Иванова;
The article deals with the word-expansion factor in the French language and considers paronyms as the result of extra-linguistic motivation. The author gives convincing evidence of a dual phonetic and semantic relationship of words, types and classification of paronyms and their use as a stylistic device.
ГРАММАТИЧЕСКИЕ ОСОБЕННОСТИ ИМЕНИ СУЩЕСТВИТЕЛЬНОГО В ШАРАНГСКОМ ГОВОРЕ МАРИЙСКОГО ЯЗЫКА
UDC: 809.452.1:801.5
Section: THE HUMANITIES
Authors: А. А. Утятин;
The article is devoted to the description of the Sharangsky dialect of the Mari language. Its morphological characteristics are given in comparison with the ones of the Hill-Mari and Meadow-Mari languages.
«МОРСКОЙ» КОМПОНЕНТ В АНГЛИЙСКИХ ФРАЗЕОЛОГИЧЕСКИХ ЕДИНИЦАХ
UDC: 802.0:801.3
Section: THE HUMANITIES
Authors: С. Л. Яковлева; М. А. Першина;
The article deals with the «sea» component in 170 English phraseological units on the basis of the comparative analysis with special attention to the meaning of the central semantic component of the units, their distribution according to semantic fields and groups, their idiographic classification, which reflect emotional and physical state, appearance, intellectual abilities, social position, traits of character, different aspects of human activity as well as the universal concepts of time, space, measure, quality and quantity.
КОНЦЕПЦИЯ ПРИРОДЫ В НОВЕЛЛАХ А. ДЕ РЕНЬЕ: ВЗАИМОДЕЙСТВИЕ ЕСТЕСТВЕННОГО И ИСКУССТВЕННОГО
UDC: 821(091)
Section: THE HUMANITIES
Authors: Н. В. Русинова;
The article focuses on the creativity by the French poet, novelist, essayist, art critic Henri de Regnier (1864–1936). The representative of the symbolic and Parnassian schools, he added much to the French culture of the end of the nineteenth century and beginning of the twentieth. The author of the article studies the way nature and culture, life and art are revealed in the writer’s creativity. The poet follows a Parnassian principle that makes works of applied art or exotic messengers of Greek and Roman mythology or landscape-gardening the only object worth portraying. On the whole, the opposition ‘natural – artificial’ is investigated. The article is of special interest for professors, postgraduates, students of French literature, for those who feel like learning more about the French literature of the period.
ГЕНДЕРНЫЕ ОСОБЕННОСТИ ФРАНЦУЗСКОГО И АНГЛИЙСКОГО ЯЗЫКОВ
UDC: 8127
Section: THE HUMANITIES
Authors: О. Н. Сырейщикова;
The language of men and women differs considerably. It is connected with mentality, the development of this language and also with the position in a society. In Gender studies there are the notions of «male» and «female» languages which have some distinctive features. The peculiarities of these «languages» appear at all levels of studied French and English. There are differences in the choice of vocabulary, peculiarities of syntax and intonation.
РЕЦЕНЗИЯ НА МОНОГРАФИЮ А. Т. ЛИПАТОВА «СЛЕНГ КАК ПРОБЛЕМА СОЦИОЛЕКТИКИ» (М.: ООО «ИЗД-ВО «ЭЛПИС», 2010)
UDC: 81'276.2
Section: THE HUMANITIES
Authors: С. В. Гусева;
The article contains a review on the monograph «Slang as a problem of sociolectics» written by A.T. Lipatov, Doctor of Philology, Professor, author of more than 400 scientific works. The main attention is paid to new ideas which A.T. Lipatov contributed to the research in the field of sociolectics.
НОВОЕ В ЖАРГОНОГРАФИИ: «РЕГИОНАЛЬНЫЙ СЛОВАРЬ РУССКОЙ СУБСТАНДАРТНОЙ ЛЕКСИКИ» А. Т. ЛИПАТОВА И С. А. ЖУРАВЛЁВА
UDC: 800.86
Section: THE HUMANITIES
Authors: Е. Г. Тонкова;
The article deals with the analysis of a new dictionary for jargon graphics: «Regional Dictionary of Russian Substandard Vocabulary» (Yoshkar-Ola. Republic of Mari El) (M., 2009) written by A. T. Lipatov and S. A. Zhuravlev, scientists of Mari State University. The article gives its assessment related to the topical issues of Russian sociolinguistics and cultural linguistics.
СЕРГЕЙ ТАНЫГИН: УВИДЕВШИЙ ЛИЦО ТАРН
UDC: 7.071.1
Section: THE HUMANITIES
Authors: Э. М. Колчева;
The article is devoted to the work of the scenery designer Tanygin S. I. The author pays much attention to the idea of ethnic futurism in his works.
ПРИНЦИП НАГЛЯДНОСТИ В ЖУРНАЛИСТИКЕ
UDC: 070.1
Section: THE HUMANITIES
Authors: Д. Н. Мухаматгалиев;
The article is devoted to the principles of the visual aids in journalism. The author pays much attention to the philosophic analysis of certain terms and conceptions. The author reveals the role of the representational material in photojournalist’s creative work which proves the truth of several facts and events.
ВЗАИМОДЕЙСТВИЕ ЯЗЫКОВ И ТРАНСФОРМАЦИЯ ТОПОНИМОВ
UDC: 801.311
Section: THE HUMANITIES
Authors: А. Н. Куклин;
The article deals with system factor in toponym formation and describes standard toponym stems and formants, which were frequently used in creating place names of the Ural and Volga regions.
ФОРМИРОВАНИЕ ЭТНОКУЛЬТУРНОЙ КОМПЕТЕНТНОСТИ БУДУЩИХ СПЕЦИАЛИСТОВ В ПРОЦЕССЕ ПРЕПОДАВАНИЯ ПЕДАГОГИКИ
UDC: 39:378
Section: PSYCHOLOGY AND EDUCATION
Authors: Н. Г. Арзамасцева;
The article is devoted to the process of forming ethnocultural competence of future specialists in the process of pedagogic studies teaching. It deals with the main methods of ethnocultural competence formation and the levels at which it has been formed.
МОДЕЛЬ ПОДГОТОВКИ СПЕЦИАЛИСТОВ БИБЛИОТЕЧНО-ИНФОРМАЦИОННОЙ СФЕРЫ
UDC: 02:37
Section: PSYCHOLOGY AND EDUCATION
Authors: В. В. Вязникова;
The article considers the model of reforming in training students in higher educational institutions in the library-information sphere due to the transition to a two-level education in Russia. The model takes into account modern requirements (using competence and person-oriented approaches), which bring education in Russia closer to international educational standards.
К ВОПРОСУ О ПЕДАГОГИЧЕСКИХ НОВШЕСТВАХ И ПЕДАГОГИЧЕСКИХ ИННОВАЦИЯХ
UDC: 376
Section: PSYCHOLOGY AND EDUCATION
Authors: С. А. Домрачева;
The article reveals different approaches to the definitions of the notions pedagogical novelties and pedagogical innovations and considers various classifications of novelties, the content and purpose of innovations in the system of higher education.
ПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНАЯ ПОДГОТОВКА МЕНЕДЖЕРА: ГЕНДЕРНЫЙ АСПЕКТ
UDC: 37:372.8
Section: PSYCHOLOGY AND EDUCATION
Authors: И. А. Загайнов; Е. Н. Загайнова;
The article proves that manager’s gender training is becoming topical and considers the term manager’s gender competence and its components. It is offered to include a special course «Gender Aspects of Management» into the variable part of manager’s professional training, and its content, effective forms and methods of teaching in the framework of this course are considered in the article.
ПЕДАГОГИЧЕСКИЕ УСЛОВИЯ ФОРМИРОВАНИЯ ИНФОРМАЦИОННОЙ КОМПЕТЕНТНОСТИ БУДУЩИХ УЧИТЕЛЕЙ ИНОСТРАННОГО ЯЗЫКА
UDC: 378
Section: THE HUMANITIES
Authors: О. В. Иванова;
The article shows how teacher’s information competence is formed in the process of studying a foreign language in higher educational institutions. It reveals the notion information competence of a foreign language teacher, describes the results of experimental work on the realization of the model aiming at the formation of information competence of future foreign language teachers on the basis of person-oriented approach.
ПСИХОЛОГО-ПЕДАГОГИЧЕСКОЕ ОБЕСПЕЧЕНИЕ СОЗДАНИЯ И ИСПОЛЬЗОВАНИЯ КОМПЬЮТЕРНЫХ СРЕДСТВ ОБУЧЕНИЯ
UDC: 378.047:004.9
Section: PSYCHOLOGY AND EDUCATION
Authors: В. И. Токтарова;
The article considers the peculiarities of psychological and pedagogical foundations for the creation and use of computer means of teaching aiming at further development of professional training in higher educational institutions.
ВЛИЯНИЕ ПРЕПАРАТА ДИВИДЕНТ СТАР НА ПОРАЖЕННОСТЬ ЯРОВОЙ ПШЕНИЦЫ КОРНЕВОЙ ГНИЛЬЮ И ФУНГИСТАЗИС
UDC: 632.937:633.11«321»
Section: AGROCULTURE, ENGINEERING AND INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY SCIENCES
Authors: Т. П. Иванова; А. М. Ямалиева;
The paper studies the impact of Dividend Star on fungistatic activity, development and spread of root rot in different vegetation periods of Lada spring wheat under the conditions of mineral fertilizers introduced.
ВЛИЯНИЕ ИММУНОСТИМУЛЯТОРОВ НА ФОРМИРОВАНИЕ ИММУНИТЕТА У СВИНОМАТОК И ПОРОСЯТ
UDC: 636.2.033
Section: AGROCULTURE, ENGINEERING AND INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY SCIENCES
Authors: С. Ю. Смоленцев;
The results of the researches held have shown that the application of immunostimulants promotes increase of specific and heterospecific resistance of sows and piggery bred.
ПРОДУКТИВНЫЙ И БИОМОРФОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ПОТЕНЦИАЛЫ КОЗ МОЛОЧНОГО НАПРАВЛЕНИЯ, РАЗВОДИМЫХ В РЕСПУБЛИКЕ МАРИЙ ЭЛ
UDC: 636.39.03
Section: AGROCULTURE, ENGINEERING AND INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY SCIENCES
Authors: В. К. Тощев; Г. Н. Мустафина; Е. В. Царегородцева;
The article is the result of a ten-year study of local goats of Russian white breed. The increase of their milk productivity was attempted through crossing them with he-goats of Zaanensky breed, local reproduction.
ВЫРАЩИВАНИЕ РАЗЛИЧНЫХ СОРТОВ ЯБЛОНЬ НА СЛАБОРОСЛОМ ПОДВОЕ 62−396 В УСЛОВИЯХ РЕСПУБЛИКИ МАРИЙ ЭЛ
UDC: 634.11
Section: AGROCULTURE, ENGINEERING AND INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY SCIENCES
Authors: Л. В. Кудряшова;
The paper offers the results of five-year observation of 15 apple-trees at a small-stature form of 62-396 stock. They show that the climate of the Republic of Mari El enables the apple-trees to grow successfully at a small-stature form of stock, recover from severe winters, fruit in two-three years after planting, subject to the kind.
ВЛИЯНИЕ КРОВНОСТИ ПО ГОЛШТИНСКОЙ ПОРОДЕ НА УРОВЕНЬ МОЛОЧНОЙ ПРОДУКТИВНОСТИ СКОТА В ПЛЕМЗАВОДАХ РЕСПУБЛИКИ МАРИЙ ЭЛ
UDC: 636.2.082.2(470.343)
Section: AGROCULTURE, ENGINEERING AND INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY SCIENCES
Authors: В. В. Николаев; К. С. Новоселова;
The article presents the results of Holstein breed degree influence on milk productivity and reproductive ability of dairy cattle from bred livestock farms of the Republic of Mari El. The research found out that the increase of Holstein breed degree resulted in increasing milking capacity, reducing milk mass concentration and deteriorating slightly reproductive ability of cows.
ИСПОЛЬЗОВАНИЕ МОДЕЛЕЙ КОРРЕКТИРОВКИ УДОЯ ДЛЯ ОЦЕНКИ МОЛОЧНОЙ ПРОДУКТИВНОСТИ
UDC: 636.2.082.2(470.343)
Section: AGROCULTURE, ENGINEERING AND INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY SCIENCES
Authors: В. В. Николаев;
The issues of improvement of breeding in dairy cattle using models of increasing milk yield that depends on several factors have been reviewed.
ИССЛЕДОВАНИЕ РАЦИОНАЛЬНЫХ РЕЖИМОВ МОЙКИ КОНСЕРВНЫХ БАНОК В МОЕЧНОЙ МАШИНЕ ПОГРУЖНОГО ТИПА
UDC: 664.8.036.533
Section: AGROCULTURE, ENGINEERING AND INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY SCIENCES
Authors: Г. С. Юнусов; А. В. Майоров;
The article describes the new design of the two-section jet washer. The results of experimental researches of the quality of the clearing of the surface of metal cans are presented. The rational operating mode of the jet washer is defined.
ОБЗОР СУЩЕСТВУЮЩИХ СРЕДСТВ ДИАГНОСТИРОВАНИЯ СИЛОВЫХ ТРАНСФОРМАТОРОВ ВЫСОКОГО НАПРЯЖЕНИЯ
UDC: 621.314.22.6
Section: AGROCULTURE, ENGINEERING AND INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY SCIENCES
Authors: Л. М. Рыбаков; Н. Л. Макарова;
The problem of high voltage power transformer diagnosis developed in this country and abroad has been reviewed. Their weaknesses and future ways of improving the methods and means of diagnostics are shown.
ИССЛЕДОВАНИЕ РАСПРОСТРАНЕНИЯ ЭЛЕКТРОМАГНИТНЫХ ВОЛН ПО ТРЕХФАЗНЫМ ВОЗДУШНЫМ ЛИНИЯМ 10 КВ
UDC: 621.316.1
Section: AGROCULTURE, ENGINEERING AND INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY SCIENCES
Authors: И. Х. Гарипов; Л. М. Рыбаков;
The article presents an analysis of experimental data on the study of electromagnetic waves on overhead power lines with different line scheme and at different frequencies.
О ПОВЫШЕНИИ БЕЗОТКАЗНОСТИ ПИТАНИЯ ПОТРЕБИТЕЛЕЙ ПЕРВОЙ КАТЕГОРИИ В СЕТЯХ 10 КВ КАБЕЛЬНЫМИ ЛИНИЯМИ С ИЗОЛЯЦИЕЙ ИЗ СШИТОГО ПОЛИЭТИЛЕНА
UDC: 621.315.1.62-192
Section: AGROCULTURE, ENGINEERING AND INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY SCIENCES
Authors: А. С. Грачёв;
In this paper, we prove (in terms of reliability) the need to transfer power supply of consumers to one substation supply using XLPE cable lines (with conductors separately buried in the ground). The old cable with paper-oil insulation might be used as a backup cable.
О ПОВЫШЕНИИ НАДЕЖНОСТИ КАБЕЛЬНЫХ ЛИНИЙ РАСПРЕДЕЛИТЕЛЬНЫХ СЕТЕЙ 10 КВ АГРОПРОМЫШЛЕННОГО КОМПЛЕКСА
UDC: 621.315.2
Section: AGROCULTURE, ENGINEERING AND INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY SCIENCES
Authors: А. С. Грачёв;
The article is aimed at grounding the basis for the necessity of transferring cable distributive three-phase networks of 10 sq with paper-oil insulation into three-phase single-conductor cables made of sutured polyethylene under the conditions of their reliability using the method of incompatible hypothesises.
ОЦЕНКА НЕКОТОРЫХ ДИНАМИЧЕСКИХ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИК СЛЕДЯЩЕГО ЭЛЕКТРОПРИВОДА ПРИ ВОЗДЕЙСТВИИ НА ВЫХОДНОЕ ЗВЕНО ЗНАКОПЕРЕМЕННЫХ НАГРУЗОК
UDC: 62-526.001.2
Section: AGROCULTURE, ENGINEERING AND INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY SCIENCES
Authors: А. Р. Ротт; В. Н. Чайкин; И. А. Кудрявцев; В. Д. Щепин;
The article deals with the peculiarities of the research of follow-up drives’ dynamics which are intended for the work in conditions of alternating capacity influence including the unit drive of helicopter suspension. The mathematical model of driving suspension has been developed. The calculations of the mathematical model for different laws of drive moving such as the harmonic law, the law of arc tangent, the exponential law are presented. Important conclusions are made for practical purposes.
ВИДОВОЙ СОСТАВ И ЧИСЛЕННОСТЬ НАЗЕМНЫХ МОЛЛЮСКОВ (MOLLUSCA) В ЕЛОВЫХ НАСАЖДЕНИЯХ РЕСПУБЛИКИ МАРИЙ ЭЛ
UDC: 591.9
Section: NATURAL SCIENCES
Authors: В. А. Матвеев;
Eight spices of terraneous mollusca are revealed as a result of our collecting in linden-spruce woodsorrel and derivative spruce extractions (aged 1−30 years). All the spices collected are known as phenophyllophilus or inhabitants of softwood (some of them represented the following types N. hammonis, N. petronella, Bradybaena fruticum) and wet meadows. The population of terraneous mollusca in our collecting is not huge (0,3–0,8 species per square meter). Meanwhile, the adaptability of mollusca to various conditions of the environment and low ability to disperse allow to use them in characteristics of hydrothermal regime of biotopes and soil-forming process.
СУКЦЕССИОННЫЕ ИЗМЕНЕНИЯ РАСТИТЕЛЬНОГО ПОКРОВА ЕЛОВЫХ ВЫРУБОК В УСЛОВИЯХ РЕСПУБЛИКИ МАРИЙ ЭЛ
UDC: 630*231.4
Section: NATURAL SCIENCES
Authors: В. А. Матвеев;
First two years after the complete felling there is a disintegration of forest herbaceous plants because of a sudden change of light intensity, watering and exchange flux. At the same time there is a process of forming clear cutting aggregation where raspberry and rosebay prevail. This process lasts from three to six years. In future the quantity of these plants runs down in virtue of fast growing of the tree species. As a result of the restocking the plant life is formed in wood-cutting areas at the age of 9−12 years. The soils of tested area is sod-pod and sabulous. The green cover change of clear cutting leads to the slow process of swamping during the first three years. The wood-cutting areas grow over and partly with hardwood undergrowth that leads to the intensive development of soddy process in soil-formation. In our conditions this process is short-term and lasts in wood-cutting areas for 3−7 years. More typical for the forest plants the soil regime sets in due to the fast regeneration of cutover stands with hardwood undergrowth for 9−12 years. In wood-cutting areas of different ages the process of podzolization is less developed than in spruce grove.
СПОСОБЫ САМОПОДДЕРЖАНИЯ ЦЕНОПОПУЛЯЦИЙ ПОДОРОЖНИКА ЛАНЦЕТОЛИСТНОГО (PLANTAGO LANCEOLATA L.)
UDC: 581.5:582.96
Section: NATURAL SCIENCES
Authors: Г. О. Османова;
Plantago lanceolata L. is rather flexible. The species are able to reproduce with the help of both seeds and vegetation – by multi-rosette plant particularion and buds, being formed on the roots of specialized structures of sucker origin. The combination of processes of seed and vegetative reproduction on slopes may be seen as adaptation mechanism in Plantago lanceolata L.
ОЦЕНКА СОСТОЯНИЯ УХОДЯЩИХ СТОЧНЫХ ВОД БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИХ ОЧИСТНЫХ СООРУЖЕНИЙ РЕСПУБЛИКИ МАРИЙ ЭЛ
UDC: 628.543(470.343)
Section: NATURAL SCIENCES
Authors: М. Г. Половникова;
The concentration of lipoid peroxidation products (peroxide groups, diethenoid, triplethenoid conjugate and double links) is estimated in vegetative organs (leaves, roots) of grassplot plants (randall, cocksfoot, red clover) in the conditions of urban environment. Three age groups of plants were used in the current research: virgin (v), middle-aged generative (g2) and subsenile (ss). Accurate modifications in the concentration of lipoid peroxidation products were revealed in the plants in connection with the environmental pollution. The environmental pollution increased the concentration of peroxide groups in vegetative organs of grassplot plants. The maximum concentration of peroxide groups in red clover was viewed in roots, in randall and cocksfoot – in leaves of subsenile cycle. Quick concentration rise of diethenoid, triplethenoid conjugate and double links in the polluted area was revealed in cocksfoot and red clover of the subsenile cycle. Gradual increase of the mentioned features was viewed in randall: from pregenerative to generative and then decrease in the postgenerative period. The results of the research can be applied to describe tolerance of grassplot plants towards anthropogenous environmental conditions and in formulation of ecological and physiological parameters in ontogeny of plants. The results can be used to indicate the condition of the urban environment.
ЛЮДМИЛА АЛЕКСЕЕВНА ЖУКОВА (К 75-ЛЕТИЮ СО ДНЯ РОЖДЕНИЯ)
UDC: 581.5
Section: NATURAL SCIENCES
Authors: О. П. Ведерникова;
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ЭКОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ АСПЕКТЫ РЕУТИЛИЗАЦИИ ОРГАНИЧЕСКИХ ОТХОДОВ КАК ФАКТОР ПОВЫШЕНИЯ КОНКУРЕНТОСПОСОБНОСТИ ПРЕДПРИЯТИЙ
UDC: 330.341.1
Section: ECONOMICS
Authors: В. Б. Смоленцев; К. А. Кудрявцев;
At the regional level, the existing legislative framework provides for the management of organic waste.
It uses economic mechanism of impact on enterprises where waste salvage does not qualify nature
conservation requirements. The development of new technologies for organic waste salvage is based
on the principles of sustainable development when improved methods of waste salvage, recovery, and
processing are to be implemented. Such a technology is called vermitechnology. Its implementation
helps to increase competitive growth of enterprises in a market environment. The cost estimation of
vermitechnology production including capital investment for a poultry factory year-over-year showed
the need for investments at the rate of 1,251,700 RUB. When being realized at the foreign market, expected
gains make up 486,500 RUB in the first quarter and amount to 5.3 mln. RUB in a year.
АКТУАРНЫЙ АНАЛИЗ ДАННЫХ ПЕРСОНИФИЦИРОВАННОГО УЧЕТА В СИСТЕМЕ ПЕНСИОННОГО СТРАХОВАНИЯ
UDC: 368.91:51:004.424
Section: ECONOMICS
Authors: Е. И. Царегородцев; И. Н. Захаров;
Social policy pursued by the government turns financial condition assessment of the regional Department of the Retirement Fund of the Russian Federation into a topical problem. Econometric methods are used in this paper to do an overall research of the number of the insured in the system of personalized record keeping. The results obtained can be used both for current estimate of fund condition and creation of actuarial sociodemographic and financial models.
БЕЗРАБОТИЦА В ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКИХ ТЕОРИЯХ
UDC: 331.56
Section: ECONOMICS
Authors: Л. М. Низова;
The article divulges theoretical justification of unemployment, gives its forms and types in such stages of economic school evolution as Classic, Neoclassic, Marxist, Keynesian, Monetaristic and neoclassic synthesis.
ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКОЕ ПОВЕДЕНИЕ ПРЕДПРИЯТИЙ В УСЛОВИЯХ НЕОПРЕДЕЛЕННОСТИ И РИСКА
UDC: 334.7:330.131.7
Section: ECONOMICS
Authors: Г. В. Гиреева;
The article considers the issues of realizing economic behaviour of enterprises under uncertainty and constant risk, defines the borders of economic freedom and economic choice. When analysing three main types of economic behaviour of enterprises forced to adapt to economic reality, the authors have found out that Russian economy shows positive tendencies over crisis management at enterprises. Having studied the matters of choosing a strategy and tactics of survival and further development of enterprises, the authors define priority directions for enterprises aimed at minimizing economic losses and maximizing profits. A search for a differentiated approach in economic behaviour allowed tracing the evolution of market factors that determine welfare of an enterprise.
К ВОПРОСУ МЕТОДОЛОГИИ КОНКУРЕНТНОГО ФЕДЕРАЛИЗМА
UDC: 001.8:339.137:342.24
Section: ECONOMICS
Authors: Н. И. Загайнова; Н. И. Ларионова;
The article deals with theoretical and methodological aspects of competitive federalism development. It was defined that Russia has developed a national federalism model combining the principles of budget, cooperative and competitive federalism. The authors have concluded that the model of competitive federalism has good prospects. From the methodological viewpoint the bases and principles of competitive federalism are defined: the principles of competition between authorities, subsidiary, origin, exceptionality, fiscal equivalence, that have been supplemented with another two: the ones of openness and transparency.
МЕРЫ ПО СОВЕРШЕНСТВОВАНИЮ ИНСТИТУТА ЧАСТНОЙ СОБСТВЕННОСТИ В РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ
UDC: 336.711
Section: ECONOMICS
Authors: И. А. Лебедев; А. О. Печников;
The article formulates and considers main practical aspects of the improvement and development of private property institution in the Russian Federation. Russian private property institution was defined to have substantial distortions caused by the drawbacks of existing regulatory legal acts; pernicious influence of side effects connected with bureaucracy and crime; absence of a clearly defined program aimed at support and development of small-scale business. The authors have drawn a conclusion that the improvement of Russian private property institution is the most urgent direction in the state development that requires the adoption of complex measures both at macro- and micro levels.
ИСПОЛЬЗОВАНИЕ ДОЛЕВОГО МЕТОДА ПРИ СОСТАВЛЕНИИ КОНСОЛИДИРОВАННОЙ ФИНАНСОВОЙ ОТЧЕТНОСТИ ПО МЕЖДУНАРОДНЫМ СТАНДАРТАМ
UDC: 336.6
Section: ECONOMICS
Authors: С. Ю. Леонтьев;
In connection with passing new federal law № 208-FZ of June 27 2010 «On consolidated fiscal accounting » it’s necessary to draw up consolidated fiscal statements in compliance with international standard. It is possible provided that a parent has an associate company. The article deals with 28 IAS regulations «Associate company investment», governing associate company consolidated fiscal statements; studies the regulations of the standard aforesaid on the assumption of Russian legal system; gives some examples of special features of submitting the information on associate companies to accounting and consolidated fiscal statements.
ФОРМИРОВАНИЕ РЫНКА ТРУДА В УСЛОВИЯХ НОВОЙ РОССИИ: ИНСТИТУЦИОНАЛЬНЫЙ ПОДХОД
UDC: 331.5(470+571)
Section: ECONOMICS
Authors: Л. М. Низова;
The article considers the causes and risk factors in new Russia at mesoeconomic level. The financial and economic crisis negatively affected employment sector. But the institutional measures taken to employ population have contributed to the restrain and easing of unemployment on the labour market in the Republic of Mari El.
XII МЕЖДУНАРОДНАЯ НАУЧНАЯ КОНФЕРЕНЦИЯ «ОНОМАСТИКА ПОВОЛЖЬЯ»
UDC:
Section:
Authors: А. Н. Куклин;
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